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Causes of the American Revolution

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Patrick Hirth

on 16 November 2017

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Transcript of Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution
Opening Reflection Question
If they doubled the amount of days students had to stay in school without asking any current students is that fair?

Are there both positive and negative aspects that come with Independence? Think about moving away from your current guardians.
French and Indian War in 1755
This war was part of a long struggle between France and Great Britain over
territorial rights and controlling fishing and fur trade
George Washington fought on the side of Great Britain and gained military experience
War caused huge debt for Great Britain

Americans were thrilled with the victory because Britain now controlled a larger empire.
Results of French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763
Law Required
: Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Colonists (L)
Patriot Protests:
Argued in written letters about tyranny (non violent) (M)
British Reactions:
Ignored colonists' complaints and sent troops to the colonies (R)
Key Terms for Revolutionary Time Period
- People who want to break away from the King of England and gain independence
- People who want to remain loyal to the King and part of England
- The British Government
- The 13 original colonies
- Refusing to buy goods
- To take away or undone a tax or law
- Tax
- A form of communication aimed towards influencing the attitude of people
- an expression of objection by words or by actions to particular events
-The killing of defenseless people
- Tax (most of the time)
Colonial Government Powers
Colonial Government Powers
Elected their own assemblies
Passed Laws
Created Taxes and decided how to use them
Stamp Act 1765
Law Required:
Colonists had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspaper and cards (L)
Patriot Protests:
Sent messages to Parliament and
stamps and attacked tax collectors (M)
British Reactions:
The British repealed the Stamp Act (R)
Quartering Act 1765
Law Required:
Colonists had to provide housing and supplies for British troops (L)
Patriot Protests:
New York refused to give funds for supplies (M)
British Reactions:
The government refused to let New York's leaders meet until they gave supplies (R)
Townshend Acts 1767
Great Britain raised taxes to make more money for their army. Glass, paper, paint, and tea.
Boston Massacre
With all these powers is there a reason to have anyone else controlling them?
Patriots including many women boycotted Great Britain's goods (Sons of Liberty and Daughters of liberty)
Great Britain repeals Townshends Acts due to losing money due to boycotts...EXPECT TEA!
Who got the upper hand Patriots or G.B. in this battle of taxes?
Massacre, the correct way to describe this event?
Boston Massacre Aftermath
A patriot Paul Revere painted a picture and the massacre was used as a piece of propaganda to motivate people rebel against The King.
John Adams, despite being a Patriot, becomes the lawyer that represents the British Soldiers on trial. (Will set the foundation of a country based on law)

The Tea Act 1773
The Tea Act was an attempt to save a struggling company from going to bankrupt. The British said that the colonist had to buy their tea from the British East India Company. This lowered the cost of tea but gave this company complete control, a
over the tea sales.
Argument Against: It will create a monopoly of the tea trade.
Argument For: It lowered the cost of tea in the colonies.

Boston Tea Party
A Patriot protest against the Tea Act
Intolerable Acts 1774
Tea Act
Boston Tea Party
The Intolerable Acts
Closed Boston Harbor
Controlled Massachusetts government
Soldiers accused of murder would be on trial in England
More soldiers were sent to Boston
The Patriots throw the tea off British ships as a protest
Causes of the American Revolution
Vocab Check
What does
Vocab Check
What does
Intolerable Acts
Reflection Questions
Imagine that you are a Patriot living in Boston...
Would have taken part in the Boston Tea Party? Why or Why not? What risks/rewards were involved in the protest.
What would your reaction be to the Intolerable Acts? Which part would negatively impacted your life the most.
What do you think your next plan of action should be in the rebellion against Great Britain?
Oppose the Intolerable Acts
Towns and cities began to organize a militias and the 1st Continental Congress
Militia= small army of citizens (Not Soldiers)
First Continental Congress
Patrick Henry urged colonists to unite by thinking of themselves as one group of people.
All goods will be boycotted until the Intolerable Acts were repealed
Taxation without representation
Taxing the colonists without their permission
Colonists had no representatives in British Parliament
"No one in Britain asked the colonists if they wanted to be taxed"
Boston Massacre
Patriots see British soldiers after leaving the bars and harass soldiers
Patriots throw ice and yell "fire" at soldiers
After a British soldier is hit with a log, the British soldiers fire into the crowd.
5 colonists die
Sugar Act
This is a tax on... sugar.

Based on the success of the Stamp Act, the Patriots boycott sugar.

The British lose money and repeal the act.
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