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Percy Bysshe Shelley Project
Transcript of Percy Bysshe Shelley Project
Tyler Reece, Kaitlin Gordiany, Jessica Farley, and Davis Stewart Ozymandias I met a traveller from an antique land,
Who said—“Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert. . . . Near them, on the sand,
Half sunk a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed;
And on the pedestal, these words appear:
My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings;
Look on my Works, ye Mighty, and despair!
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal Wreck, boundless and bare
The lone and level sands stretch far away.” Why Would he write it? Horace Smith was staying at the house of Shelley in the winter of 1817 Smith and Shelley were talking about the recent discovers in Egypt. Shelley and smith talked about a Roman-era historian named Diodorus Siculus This historian often talked about a great statue called ozymandias. “King of Kings Ozymandias am I. If any want to know how great I am and where I lie, let him outdo me in my work.” There was an inscription on the statue Horace Smith The statue or the inscription of Ozymandias do not survive. Both Smith and Shelley wrote poems about it, sadly Smiths has been forgotten The title of his poem was, "On a Stupendous Leg of Granite, Discovered Standing by Itself in the Deserts of Egypt, with the Inscription Inserted Below.” Shelley's poem is one of the most well-known poems in the European language When the reader reads his poem it is like an explorer coming to a new landscape that they haven't ever seen before. Horace Smith He was born in London
Fifth of eight children
Was born Horatio but changed to Horace "Is it not odd that the only truly generous person I ever knew who had money enough to be generous with should be a stockbroker? He writes poetry and pastoral dramas and yet knows how to make money, and does make it, and is still generous." He discribes the statues face as, "shattered visage,” an enormous face.
This is the only description he gives of the face. He describes his mouth as “frown,/ And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command.”
The cold command is eluding to the empire building ruler Ramses II, a tyrannical ruler which Shelley despises.
He resembles King George Any other statues of Ramses II is shown as a mild, slightly mischievous expression, not a glowering, imperious one. III Horace is most well known because of a writing competition that he had with Shelley. Percy Bysshe Shelley, the son of Sir Timothy Shelley, was born at Field Place near Horsham, in 1792.
Sir Timothy Shelley sat for a seat under the control of the Duke of Norfolk and supported his patron's policies of electoral reform and Catholic Emancipation.
Shelley was educated at Eton and Oxford University and it was assumed that when he was twenty-one he would inherit his father's seat in Parliament.
As a young man he was taken to the House of Commons where he met Sir Francis Burdett, the Radical M.P. for Westminster.
Shelley, who had developed a strong hatred of tyranny while at Eton, was impressed by Burdett, and in 1810 dedicated one of his first poems to him. At university Shelley began reading books by radical political writers such as Tom Paine and William Godwin. Early life and education Born: August 4, 1792
Died: July 8, 1822 At university Shelley wrote articles defending Daniel Isaac Eaton, a bookseller charged with selling books by Tom Paine and the much persecuted Radical publisher, Richard Carlile. He also wrote The Necessity of Atheism, a pamphlet that attacked the idea of compulsory Christianity. Oxford University was shocked when they discovered what Shelley had written and on 25th March, 1811 he was expelled. Shelley eloped to Scotland with Harriet Westbrook, a sixteen year old daughter of a coffee-house keeper. This created a terrible scandal and Shelley's father never forgave him for what he had done. Shelley moved to Ireland where he made revolutionary speeches on religion and politics. He also wrote a political pamphlet A Declaration of Rights, on the subject of the French Revolution, but it was considered to be too radical for distribution in Britain. Shelley helped to support Leigh Hunt financially when he was imprisoned for an article he published on the Prince Regent. Leigh Hunt published Queen Mab, a long poem by Shelley celebrating the merits of republicanism, atheism, vegetarianism and free love. Shelley also wrote articles for The Examiner on polical subjects including an attack on the way the government had used the agent provocateur William Oliver to obtain convictions against Jeremiah Brandreth. In 1814 Shelley fell in love and eloped with Mary, the sixteen-year-old daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft.
For the next few years the couple travelled in Europe. In 1816 Shelley and Mary spent time with Lord Byron in Geneva and visited the Alps, a visit which inspired Shelley’s poem Mont Blanc.
Shelley continued to be involved in politics and in 1817 wrote the pamphlet A Proposal for Putting Reform to the Vote Throughout the United Kingdom. In the pamphlet Shelley suggested a national referendum on electoral reform and improvements in working class education.
In 1818 Shelley published his longest poem, The Revolt of Islam. 1792-1822 An old, mad, blind, despised, and dying king,
Princes, the dregs of their dull race, who flow
Through public scorn, mud from a muddy spring,
Rulers who neither see, nor feel, nor know,
But leech-like to their fainting country cling,
Till they drop, blind in blood, without a blow,
A people starved and stabbed in the untilled field,
An army, which liberticide and prey
Makes as a two-edged sword to all who wield
Golden and sanguine laws which tempt and slay;
Religion Christless, Godless a book sealed;
A Senate, Time's worst statute unrepealed,
Are graves, from which a glorious Phantom may
Burst, to illumine our tempestuous day. England in 1819 England in 1819 This sonnet provides a view on the state of England in 1819. King George III was “old, mad, blind, despised, and dying,” his son was ruling England because George III was unable to do so, due to sickness. The people are “starved and stabbed,” while the army and the laws simultaneously exert power and hurt the people. The Christian leaders are “Christless.” Yet, maybe some new, calm light will arise from the best of old England. This poem is written By Shelley in november of 1819 the main purpose is to show us the real situation in England and concretely the Peterloo Massacre Occurred at St Peter Fields in Manchester, England in the 16th August in 1819. This happened during a concentration of workers who want a reduction of the bread price and be represented in the parliament, but this concentration was finally violent and the cavalry charge into the presents and the result was very tragic. Eleven people killed and almost five hundred injuried. Shelley was a man who was against the political power and advocate for liberty. Shelley was totally disagree with the abuse of power by the politicians, kings and people who have the power. Shelley wrote poems like “Ozymandias” and this “England in 1819” to denounce this fact and to propugne the liberty for each one. Political views King George III Later that year he and Mary left England for good and moved to Italy, living in various cities and towns including Rome, Florence and Pisa, and spending more time with Byron. In Italy Shelley wrote a series of masterpieces including Prometheus Unbound, Julian and Maddalo, Epipsychidion and Adonais; shorter poems such as To a Skylark and Ode to the West Wind; and his greatest prose work, A Defence of Poetry. There is a harmony in autumn, and a luster in its sky, which through the summer is not heard or seen, as if it could not be, as if it had not been!
-Percy Bysshe Shelley In 1819, Shelley wrote a poem entitled “Sonnet: England in 1819” in which he opposes the parliament of England. In this piece he criticizes the “muddy” (line 3) genetic line of the royal family, the ignorant rulers, the liberticidal army, the unfair law, and the “Christless” (line 11) Anglican leaders. Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poem “Sonnet: England in 1819” reveals the speaker’s immense detest for England, with a touch of hope for the future, through structure and imagery techniques. Percy Bysshe Shelley was one of the commoners and an impassioned supporter of liberty. What thou art we know not;
What is most like thee?
From rainbow clouds there flow not
Drops so bright to see,
As from thy presence showers a rain of melody:— 35
Like a poet hidden
In the light of thought,
Singing hymns unbidden,
Till the world is wrought
To sympathy with hopes and fears it heeded not: 40
Like a high-born maiden
In a palace tower,
Soothing her love-laden
Soul in secret hour
With music sweet as love, which overflows her bower: 45 Like a glow-worm golden
In a dell of dew,
Its aërial hue Among the flowers and grass which screen it from the view: 50
Like a rose embower'd
In its own green leaves,
By warm winds deflower'd,
Till the scent it gives Makes faint with too much sweet those heavy-wingèd thieves. 55
Sound of vernal showers
On the twinkling grass,
All that ever was Joyous and clear and fresh—thy music doth surpass. What is the rhyme scheme?
Find some alliteration?
What does aerial mean?
Embowered? Vocab Words
Aerial- of, relating to, or occurring in the air or atmosphere. visage- the face, countenance, or appearance of a person or sometimes an animal. Embowered- to shelter or enclose in or as if in a bower <like a rose embowered in its own green leaves — P. B. Shelley>. Percy Bysshe Shelley returned to England where he became involved in radical politics. He met William Godwin the husband of Mary Wollstonecraft, the author of Vindication of the Rights of Women. Shelley also renewed his friendship with Leigh Hunt, the young editor of The Examiner. Friends and Family: Lord Byron John Keats Mary Shelley Poets
Many generations of Victorian poets and Pre-Raphaelite poets
Alfred Lord Tennyson, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Butler Yeats, and Henry David Thoreau
Other Famous People
Karl Marx and Oscar Wilde
"In Defense of Harriet Shelley" The Arts Some Paintings:
Louis Edouard Fournier
Alfred Clint Some Music:
e.g. Ralph Vaughan Williams
Poems adapted for music
e.g. Rosa Ponselle
English composer who lived during the twentieth century.
He admired Percy Bysshe Shelley and many other English poets of that time.
He was inspired by Shelley’s poem “Prometheus Unbound” and composed a symphony movement. Monuments and Burial Site: Shelley Memorial (1893)- Oxford
tried to have it housed in the Protestant cemetary in Rome where he was buried, but it was too large for the plot
Sculpture of Shelley washed up on the beach
Tablet in Westminster Abbey's Poets' Corner
by sculptor Frank Dobson
in Protestant cemetery in Rome
heart lies in St. Peter's Churchyard, Bournemouth, Dorset, England
Prometheus Unbound Those Influenced by Shelley died in the Gulf of Spezzia in Italy
vistitng Lord Byron
drowned in a storm
ironic because he had a fear of drowning
he was burned on a beach, but his heart was given to Mary Shelley
"The Cremation of Shelley" (1889)
from left: Trelawny, Hunt, and Byron