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Exercise and Fitness - Edexcel GCSE PE
Transcript of Exercise and Fitness - Edexcel GCSE PE
GCSE PE Health Fitness Exercise Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being
and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Physcial well-being - You are injury and disease free!
Mental well-being - You do not suffer from metal illness or high levels of stress or anxiety
Social well-being - You believe you have some purpose in society and have friends. You have food, clothes and shelter.
You are healthy and can perform daily activities without suffering fatigue.
***Can you think of an example?*** Specific Fitness:
The ability to meet the phyical demands of sport
Speed, strength, stamina, suppleness Any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability. Physical exercise is activity performed in order to develop or maintain physical fitness and overall health. Cardiovascular
Fitness Muscular Endurance Muscular
Strength Flexibility Body
Composition Cardiovascular Fitness
Your heart and lungs can keep your muscles supplied with Oxygen throughout exercise
The harder your muscles work the more oxygen they need, so the heart and breathing rates rise
The better your CV system is, the slower your heart rate is because you pump more blood with each beat (stroke volume)
You can improve your CV endurance through aerobic training
Exercise Mesomorph Ectomorph Endomorph Tall
Example: Marathon Muscular Build
Rugby Player, Swimmer. High % of body fat
Wide Hips The range of MOVEMENT you have
around a joint How can good levels
of flexibility benefit
participants in your
sport? Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time.
Muscular Strength is defined by the ability of your body's muscle to generate force in a short period of time.
What other examples
of sports can you think
of that require muscular
endurance? Skill Related
Fitness Agility Balance Co-ordination Speed Power Reaction Time Maintaining a state
of equilibrium How can good balance be beneficial in your sport? The ability to change
direction at speed How would agility benefit
a performer in your sport? The time it takes to
respond to a
stimulus How would a good reaction time
benefit a performer in your sport? The skillful and effective
interaction of movements The combination of
speed and strength How would Power
benefit a performer
in your sport? Speed is a measure of the ability to move all or part of the body as quickly as possible.
To test your knowledge of
Health Vs Skill related fitness,
watch this clip. Video Vault TASK As a group, decide what you think the difference is between Health, Fitness and Exercise Now, on your A3 paper or whiteboard
write down as many components of fitness
that you can think of Now visit another groups work
and start to add either definitions
and/or examples of where that component of fitness is used in a sport.