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The Great Barrier Reef Food Web

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Rachel Ballew

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of The Great Barrier Reef Food Web

The Great Barrier Reef Phytoplankton Giant Kelp Marine Algae Producers Bull Kelp Sea Grass Producers are plants that convert light energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis, Therefore by producing their own food, plants make up the base of the food web. Dugong Zooplankton Abalone Short Spined Urchin Primary Consumers Giant Clam Krill 11 Armed Sea Star Clown Fish Pink Anemonefish Whale Shark Secondary Consumer Box Jellyfish Sea Eagle Humpback
Whale Manta Ray Sea Snake Blue Ringed
Octopus Sea Turtle Tertiary Consumer Tiger Shark Moray Eel White Tipped Reef Shark Quaternary Consumer Decomposers Bacteria Consumers are animals. They eat with their mouths and depend on plants or other consumers that eat plants. There are primary consumers who only eat plants, secondary consumers who eat primary consumers, tertiary consumers who eat primary and secondary, and Quaternary consumers who eat all of the below levels. Decomposers are fungi and Bacteria. They break organisms down into basic minerals and elements. It is the final stage of decomposition, no chemical energy is left in the material at that point. Phytoplankton:
Produces own food
Predator: zooplankton,Whale Shark,
and Manta Rays
Habitat: Phytoplankton live along the
surface of the water. Giant Kelp:
Produces own food
Predator: Abalone
Habitat: Giant Kelp grows in
clear turbulent water that ranges
from 30 to 100 feet. Marine Algae:
Produces own food
Predator: Giant Clam,Krill, Clown
Fish
Habitat: Marine algae grows
along anywhere it can find light Bull Kelp:
Produces own Food
Predator: Short Spined Urchin
Habitat: Bull Kelp live in rough
water near rocky shores Sea Grass
Produces own food
Predator: Dugong
Habitat: Sea Grass grows in shallow coastal waters anchored in sand Zooplankton
Prey: Phytoplankton
Predator: Mantay Racy
and Whale Shark
Habitat: They float/move
through the water to avoid
predators. Abalone
Food: Giant Kelp
Predator: 11 armed Sea Star,
Tiger Shark, Monray Eel
Habitat: Abalones live in rocky
caves, fissures, and on the bottom Short Spined Urchin
Prey: Bull Kelp
Predator: 11 Armed Seas Star,Moray Eel
Habitat: Urchins live on rocky reefs in little holes. They eat at night and stay in
their hole during the day. Giant Clam
Prey: Marine Algae
Predator: Box Jellyfish
Habitat: Giant Clams will fasten themselves to one spot on a coral reef their whole lives. Krill
Prey: Marine Algae
Predator: Whale Shark, Humpback
Whale
Habitat: Krill drift through the deeper parts
of the ocean at night but swim to deeper
water during the day. Dugong
Prey: Sea Grass
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Dugongs live in shallow coastal waters. 11 Armed Sea Star
Prey: Short Spined Sea Urchin, Abalone
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Sea Stars live on rocky shores with
depth of up to 150m Clown Fish
Prey: Marine Algae,
Zooplankton
Predator: Sea Eagle
Habitat: Clown fish live
in the bottom of shallow seas
in reefs or lagoons. Pink Anemonefish
Prey: Algae
Predator: Sea Snake, Blue Ringed
Octopus, Tiger Shark, Moray Eel
White Tipped Reef Shark
Habitat: Pink Anemonefish live in Anemone
on coral reefs in warm shallow water. Whale Shark
Prey: Zooplankton, Phytoplankton
Predator: none
Habitat: Whale Sharks live in warm
topical seas, mostly off shore, although
they do sometimes come into lagoons Box Jellyfish
Prey: Giant Clams
Predator: Sea Turtles
Habit: Box Jellyfish live around
corral reefs especially ones in shallow
water. Humpback Whale
Prey: Krill
Predator: None
Habitat: Whales are Migratory animals that live in warm tropical waters Manta Ray
Prey: Phytoplankton, Zooplankton
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Manta Rays live near corral
reefs in warm shallow water near shore Sea Eagle
Prey: Clown Fish
Predator: Tiger Shark, White
Tipped Reef Shark
Habitat: Sea Eagles inhabit rocky
cliffs near the shore. Sea Snake
Prey: Pink Anemonefish
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Sea snakes live in
reefs that inhabit shallow water Blue Ringed Octopus
Prey: Pink Anemonefish
Predator: White Tipped Reef Shark, Moray Eel, Tiger Shark
Habitat: Octopus live in tide pools by the reef and in the reef Sea Turtle
Prey: Box Jellyfish
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Turtles nest on coral cays
and spend the rest of the time foraging
in the waters. Tiger Shark
Prey: 11 Armed Sea Star, Manta Ray, Pink Anemonefish,
Sea Eagle, Dugong, Blue Ringed Octopus, Sea Turtle, Sea
Snake, Abalone
Predator: None
Habitat: Tiger Sharks are found in warm tropical water
often hunting over largely populated zones like reefs. Moray Eel
Prey: Pink Anemonefish, Abalone, Short
Spined Urchin, Blue Ringed Octopus
Predator: White Tipped Reef Shark
Habitat: Eels live in reefs in warm water White Tipped Reef Shark
Prey: Moray Eel, Blue Ringed Octopus, Sea Eagle, Pink Anemonefish
Predator: none
Habitat: Sharks only inhabit coral reefs and ledges in warm water from 8 to 40 meters. Bacteria
Prey: All dead organisms
Predator: none
Habitat: Bacteria is found everywhere
and on everything Over Fishing Issue
Over fishing is an very important issue in the Great Barrier Reef. To start the boats leak a ton of oil into the water when they are traveling. Also it leaves an imbalance in the amount of predators and prey in the food chain causing serious problems. They also cannot just stop fishing because it is a major economy in the area. A couple of solutions to this problem have already been set in motion. Recent forums have set aside up to 50% of the reef as a no fishing zone. Also the government is going to raise the fine for fishing offenses and use more technology to help people become aware of where to fish. Solutions http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/giant-clam/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krill
http://www.marineparks.wa.gov.au/fun-facts/46-sea-snakes.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humpback_whale
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_turtle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_shark
http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/great-barrier-reef
http://www.venomoussnakes.net/seasnake.htm
http://animals.about.com/od/habitat-facts/tp/great-barrier-reef-animals.htm
http://voices.yahoo.com/possible-solutions-great-barrier-reef-blooming-3395378.html?cat=58 Bibliography
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