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Equality and Diversity
Transcript of Equality and Diversity
The term 'diversity' is capable of many interpretations. In the context of equalities work it is often taken to mean the differences in the values, attitudes, cultural perspective, beliefs, ethnic background, sexual orientation, ability or disability, skills, knowledge, age and life experiences of each individual in any group of people. It is not the same as 'equal opportunities'. Valuing diversity refers to demonstrably valuing the diverse needs and taking preferences into account.'
What is Diversity?
(Taken from the equal opportunities and diversity glossary produced by Volunteering England)
To value diversity is to appreciate all the things that make each human being and each family special.
What makes us different?
List all the 'diversity' that exists in the clips. What are the identifying characteristics and categories that make people different to each other?
'Equality and difference are not incompatible; they only become so if equality is understood to mean sameness. In fact, the very notion of equality implies differences to be discounted or taken into account so that, despite them, people are treated as equals for specific purpose'
Lister (1997) quoted by Neil Thompson in 'Promoting Equality'
From 'Joined Up' by Danny Brierly
'Equality of opportunity is not
about denying the very real differences that exist between individuals and groups. Instead, it strives to ensure all individuals and groups are given equal opportunity to succeed in life and, where necessary, are compensated for the unevenness of the playing field'
The Society Game
A series of statements will be read out. After each statement, if the answer for your character is yes, move forward one step. If it is no, stay where you are.
1)A difference is identified 2)That difference is used as the basis of unfair treatment 3)A person or persons experience a disadvantage because they are identified as different. This then leads to oppression.
Thompson, 'Anti-Discriminatory Practice'
'Inhuman or degrading treatment of individuals or groups; hardship and injustice brought about by the dominance of one group over another; the negative and demeaning exercise of power. Oppression often involves disregarding the rights of an individual or group and is thus a denial of citizenship'
Thompson, 'Promoting Equality'
Prejudice: 'Preconceived opinion not based on reason or experience'
Discrimination: 'An ACTION that results from prejudice
What is the difference between them?
Working with & Valuing Diversity
Discrimination and oppression operate at three separate yet interrelated levels
‘Culture consists of the values the members of a given group hold, the norms they follow and the material goods they create. Values are abstract ideals, whilst norms are definite principles or rules which people are expected to observe. Norms represent the ‘dos and don’ts’ of social life. Culture refers to the ways of life of the members of a society, or of groups within a society. It includes how they dress, their marriage customs and family life, their patterns of work, religious ceremonies and leisure pursuits.’ - Giddens – cited by Thompson in ‘Promoting Equality’
Issues relating to class, race, gender and other social divisions
The distribution of power both formally and informally
The distribution of wealth and other material resources
1) Find as much evidence as you can of personal, cultural or structural discrimination and oppression, tear it out and place it in three piles, one corresponding to each type.
2) Write down the cultural norms of each newspaper
3) What do the adverts and other parts of the paper tell you about its readers?
The thoughts, feelings and behaviors of an individual.
Using the newspapers you have been given:
You rent a property that contains a top floor flat above it. Your landlord has said you can decide who out of all of the applicants, can live in the flat. Split a piece of paper into three columns - yes, no and maybe. When each applicant is read out, place them in the yes column if you would be happy with them living in the flat, maybe if you're not sure and no if you wouldn't be happy with them living there.
Processes of Discrimination
'Stereotype from the Greek Stereos, solid, tupos, type, an over-simplified, biased and above all inflexible conception of a social group. The word was originally used in the printing trade for a solid metallic plate which was difficult to alter once cast' - Thompson - 'Promoting Equality'
This process refers to the ways in which certain groups of people are pushed to the margins of society, and thus excluded from the mainstream.
Similar to marginalization but more about how certain people groups are represented through imagery and language. Some groups may be seen to always have power, influence, wealth and others may hardly be mentioned or seen.
The tendency to regard certain people groups as in need of welfare because of their membership of that group e.g. the elderly
Using language to refer to people in certain non-personal dehumanizing ways - 'they', 'it', things rather than people.
Ascribing a child like status to an adult through tone, language and treatment.
The undermining of serious challenge to oppression. Talking about a minor issue to hide from and deny the major issues.
Using the label 'ill' or 'illness' to describe someone and the impact this has on the way that individual or group is treated and perceived.
You have been given a category of discrimination. You must research this, and give a ten minute presentation to the rest of the class that covers:
-An example of how this could occur in youth or children’s work practice
-A brief theological response
Take a character from Catherine Tate or Little Britain and write down common beliefs about this 'stereotype'