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Prehistoric Ages

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Rahul Raj

on 30 August 2013

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Transcript of Prehistoric Ages

Humans Through The Ages...
Prehistoric Ages
can refer to the period of human existence before the availability of those written records with which recorded history begins.
Man and his Beliefs
The origin of religion is uncertain, but it has been suggested that it evolved for the nurture of children. There are a number of theories regarding the subsequent origins of organized religious practices.
Age of Enlightenment
The Age of Enlightenment was a cultural movement of intellectuals in the 17th and 18th centuries, which began in Europe. It also tried to prevent the gross abuses of power by both the Catholic Church and by despotic kings.
Modern Age
The Modern Age can be credited to all the major acheivements in man's journey.
It consists of the space, information & industrial age.
The World Ahead
Lets take a walk through the ages...
Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stones were widely used to make implements with a sharp edge, a point, or a percussion surface The period lasted roughly 3.4 million years, and ended between 4500 BC and 2000 BC with the advent of metalworking
Stone Age
Tools used in stone age
Stone age people
Bronze Age
The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, for classifying and studying ancient societies. An ancient civilization can be in the Bronze Age either by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere.
Weapons used in Bronze age
Smelting of copper
Iron Age
The Iron Age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles.
People in iron age
Contributions of Prehistoric Age
ancient wheel
early man producing fire
Religion began when humans began connecting their daily life happenings with some unnatural power, which they couldn't understand.
Beliefs in Europe
The period before the Scientific Revolution is also known as the Middle Ages. During the Middle Ages, religion dominated society. Catholicism was the only recognized religion. Since religion played a big part in the people’s lives, the church had the most power and authority. The church had a strong influence over society, politics and intellectual thought.
Jesus Christ
as in the Bible
From the perspective of the theocratic government, "God himself is recognized as the head" of the state, hence the term theocracy, from the Greek, "rule of God", a term used by Josephus for the kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
Egyptian empire, a good example of theocratic government .
Enlightenment thinkers used logic and reason to challenge ideas grounded in nothing more than ignorance, superstition & blind faith.
Scientific Revolution
People of this age began reasoning rather than believing what their spiritual heads had to say about the world. The Revolution was marked by scientists like Galileo Galilei, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Newton rovlting against the Church and began demostrating their proofs in the public
India in Prehistoric times
The first modern human beings or the Homo sapiens set foot on the Indian subcontinent anywhere between 200000 BC and 40000 BC and they soon spread throughout a large part of the subcontinent, including peninsular India.
They practised similar occupations as the other early humans in rest of the world.
Caves of Bhimbetka
Cave paintings form
Chota Nagpur region
The Vedic Age
The Vedic period was a period in history during which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were composed. The time span of the period is uncertain. Linguistic evidence indicates that the Rigveda, the oldest of the Vedas, was composed roughly between 1700 and 1100 BCE, also referred to as the early Vedic period. Transmission of texts in the Vedic period was by oral tradition alone and a literary tradition set in only in post-Vedic times.

from the Vedas
Origin of religion
Animism would be the oldest known type of religion.

In animism, spirits are considered to inhabit familiar objects in the landscape. Gradually, the spirits became gods and specialist religious leaders, or shamans, emerged, to provide miracles and communicate with the gods.

In the Indian Subcontinent, the heavenly hosts metamorphosed into the anthropomorphic (human-like) gods that we know of today.
Brawl of the Era
According to one very popular conception of the relationship between science and religion, the two are enemies locked in mortal combat. In this view, religious claims rail against science, which in turn undermines the credibility of religion.
The relationship between science and religion is frequently commented on, but rarely understood with clarity.
The Holy Cross
Early Science in India
The people of this civilization made bricks whose dimensions were in the proportion 4:2:1, considered favorable for the stability of a brick structure.
The first textual mention of astronomical concepts comes from the Vedas,
religious literature of India.
Ayurveda is a system of traditional medicine that originated in ancient India before 2500
BC, and is now practiced as a form of alternative medicine in other parts of the world
The greatest contribution to mathematics by India has been the idea of zero.
Impressive advances were made in ancient India in the field of plastic surgery
A Tribute to Ancient India
"We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."

-Albert Einstein
"There is no book in the world that is so thrilling, stirring and inspiring as the Upanishads."
-Max Muller
"Gravitation was known to the Hindus (Indians) before the birth of Newton. The system of blood circulation was discovered by them centuries before Harvey was heard of."
-P. Johnstone
Modern history, also referred to as the modern period or the modern era, is the historiographical approach to the timeframe after the post-classical era (known as the Middle Ages).
The modern era began approximately in the 16th century.
Industrial Revolution
Watt steam engine
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to some time between 1820 and 1840.
This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power and the development of machine tools.
Extraction of iron and coal
Modern communication
First patented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell and further developed by many others, the telephone was the first device in history that enabled people to talk directly with each other across large distances.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing news regarding current events, informative articles, diverse features, editorials, and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint.
Information Age
A communications satellite or comsat is an artificial satellite sent to space for the purpose of telecommunications. Modern communications satellites use a variety of orbits including geostationary orbits, Molniya orbits, elliptical orbits and low (polar and non-polar Earth orbits).
Modern Age Science
Robotic surgery uses robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures. Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to overcome the limitations of minimally-invasive surgery and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery.
ics concerns the process of trait inheritance from parents to
ng, including the molecular structure and function of genes,
ne behavior in the context of a cell or organism , gene
stribution, and variation and change in populations.
A nuclear reactor is a device to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction. Nuclear reactors are used at nuclear power plants for generating electricity and in propulsion of ships.
Space Age
The Space Age is a time period encompassing the activities related to the Space Race, space exploration, space technology, and the cultural developments influenced by these events. The Space Age is generally considered to have begun with Sputnik (1957). Furthermore it is argued that this age brought a new dimension to the Cold War.
Scientific discoveries are being made every day that are changing the world we live in. Technological and medical advancements that most people believed would never happen in their lifetime, let alone at this very moment, are real and continuing to develop. These discoveries bring with them a myriad of new technology and techniques that will only grow and improve with time to make the world a better place to live in.
The Iron Bridge.
Savery Engine
Electronic mail, most commonly referred to as email or e-mail since approximately 1993, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients.
The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve several billion users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks.
The Information Age is a period in human history characterized by the shift from traditional industry that the industrial revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information computerization.
Robot learns to recognize objects on its own.
Latest Advancements
Bioengineered Body Parts
Silver in Antibiotics
Sight For The Blind
Efficient Electrolysis
Future Predictions
The Trodden Path
Civilization is said to occur when a society is in an advanced state of social development.
Ziggurat of Ur
The Sphinx against the
Pyramid of Khafre
Golden mask from the
mummy of Tutankhamen.
Chinese calligraphy
Ancient Indus Lothal
Chichen Itza
Mexican Calendar
Bison Seal
Presentation by:
Apoorva Raj
Rahul Ramchandran
Its funny how humans can wrap their mind round things and fit them into their version of reality.
-Rick Riordan

Thought is the wind, knowledge the sail and mankind the vessel.
-Augustus Hare

These words are indeed a fitting tribute to the achievements of our ancestors. Truly it is a wonder that is mankind.
Full transcript