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President Wilson's 14 Points
Transcript of President Wilson's 14 Points
1. Open Diplomacy
Woodrow's Point of Open Diplomacy was under intention of ending secret alliances while prohibiting treaties, secret clauses and other understandings. All diplomatic agreements within the League of Nations were frank and in public view.
2. Freedom of the Seas
This point is coupled with point 14 and is under very specific clauses. The sea traveled must not be territorial and navigation is safe only under 3 conditions: General peace, General war (one that the League of nations have entered), and limited war (no breaches of internal covenants.
3. Free trade amongst all Nations
This point, which only applies to nations that accept the responsibilities of a member of the League of Nations, allowed equal and fair trade between all nations inside of the league.
Interpretation of President Wilson's Fourteen Points. (n.d.). Interpretation of President Wilson's Fourteen Points. Retrieved December 14, 2013, from https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/doc31.htm
The Fourteen Points. (n.d.). The Fourteen Points. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1324.html
4. Reduction of armaments
5. Adjustment of Colonial Claims
6. Conquered Territories of Russia
7. Preservation of Belgium's Sovereignty
8. Restoring French Territory
9. Redrawing Italian Frontier
10. Division of Austria-Hungary.
11. Redrawing of the Balkan States
12. Turkish Limitations
13. Poland's Independence
14. Formation of the League of Nations/ Guarantee of a Nation's independence.
All military personnel not belonging to Belgium must leave and Belgium restored to previous stature with as little other conflict that would inflict harm on Belgium's status or its sovereignty.
All of Italy's frontiers be rewritten and clearly defined in terms of nationality. Intended to satisfy the treaty of London and the frontier issues between Italy, Yugoslavia, Greece and the Balkans.
All newer settlers to a United States colony must respect previous inhabitants and hold the residents in equal standing as themselves.
All possible weaponry and personnel were to be removed as would be allowed for domestic peace.
Any and all territories conquered by Russia were given a choice whether or not they would stay with Russia or form their own independent and respected nation.
All of France's territories freed and invaded portions restored along with the wrong done by Prussia be righted for peace to occur.
Austria and Hungary is given safeguard alongside the other nations so as to oversee the freest of opportunities to autonomous development.
All military personnel are evacuated from Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Serbia is restored it's free and secure access to the sea.
The individual Balkan States are given choice on allegiance and nationalities.
States guaranteed independence in the League.
Turkish portions under possession of the Ottoman Empire given sovereignty, although other Nationalities under Turkish rule must be assured security of life and unmolested opportunity of Autonomous development.
A polish state is erected, including all territories with a majority of Polish inhabitants. Poland secured a safe route to the sea and given free reign on government problems.
An assortment of Nations all act with each other for the goal of mutual independence and territorial integrity, small and large states alike.
The purpose of the 14 points constructed by President Woodrow Wilson was to help reach a common goal by forming alliances amongst each and every nation that obliged. Millions of copies of the 14 Points were made during World War 1 by the Allies and dispensed anywhere and everywhere possible. While many nations argued with some of the Points, France being amongst them, a vast majority signed up for the League of Nations.
By Andrew Langreder and Michela Rieck