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ERUPTION is the removal of VOLCANIC itself, tree plantations
Transcript of ERUPTION is the removal of VOLCANIC itself, tree plantations
MOUNT SINABUNG'S ERUPTION
MOUNT SINABUNG'S ERUPTION
ERUPTION is the removal of VOLCANIC itself, tree plantations, agriculture, pasture and water reservoirs. It is a permanent destruction that can cost lives of plants and animals that have built a habitat in those areas and as well as humans and their village/homes. There are still yet many terrible effects that can contribute to global warming, climate change, damages to the ecosystem and as well as animals.
Mount Sinabung is of one the recent volcanic eruption in 2016, This 2460 meters’ tall stratovolcano that built up of layers of ash and lava which forms by the andesite and the dacite and this volcano is located at 3.17 Degrees North and 98.37 Degrees South from Mount Sinabung.
When this volcano erupts, massive clouds of superheated gas and ash into the sky, and down its slopes in deadly pyroclastic flows. Pyroclastic flows travelled 0.5-4.5 km East, South East, and South, and incandescent material was observed as far as 2 km South East and East.
This 2460 meters’ tall stratovolcano that built up of layers of ash and lava which forms by the andesite and the dacite is located at 3.17 Degrees North and 98.37 Degrees South from Mount Sinabung. When this volcano erupts, massive clouds of superheated gas and ash into the sky, and down its slopes in deadly pyroclastic flows. Pyroclastic flows travelled 0.5-4.5 km East, South East, and South, and incandescent material was observed as far as 2 km South East and East. Roaring was periodically heard and burned trees on the Southern flank were noted on 4 January, 2013. The previous eruption was on August 2010 with small earthquakes in several days, and ash spewed into the sky up to 1.5 km and lava goes down to the crater. Many villages escaped before the eruption. The Indonesian Red Cross society was told to bring doctors and medicines to the region. On September 10, there was two eruptions in morning. This eruption was intense and villagers were need to leave their region when the Volcanic Agency warns the villagers. The other eruption with 25.0 km earthquake far of the distance around the volcano during the evening. After the execution heavy rain and ash were mixed together to form mud flow. On November 2013, villages were to excavate and specialties by the Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigationto move away about 2 miles from the Volcano. Crop died from the ash fall which become makes changes to the economy. On December 2013 lava domed was created on the summit. On January 2014, between 4-5 in the morning, the eruptions also caused many environmental problems. Lava produced by Mount. Sinabung flowed into the river, contaminating the water supplies and affecting the biodiversity of the river's ecosystem and those who lives near the volcano must leave before it’s eruption.
Mount Sinabung is one of several volcanoes that lie along the Sumatra Trench subduction zone in the Indian Ocean. This volcano formed when the tectonic plates has taken place on the boundary between the Burma Plate to the west and the Sunda Plate to the west. The Burma Plate is being pushed northward relative to the Sunda Plate, by the northward motion of the of the Indo-Australian plate, the Indo-Australian Plate is being subducted beneath the Burma Plate along the Sunda Trench, passing under the island of Sumatra as it sinks into the Earth. under the less dense plate, the Eurasian plate. This subduction zone is relatively a type of earthquakes that can change the types and amounts of tectonic stress underground and causes the rock to melt to become magma. Plate movement margin at a subduction zone and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The Pacific Ring of Fire is very frequent and there are 452 active volcanoes in the area. Mount Sinabung in Indonesia was once considered a dormant volcano is one that hasn't erupted in a long time but is sort of sleeping until it erupted 2010 in Sumatra. In 2010 it erupted after 400 years of dormancy, was the most intense so far, with ash spewed up into the atmosphere about 3.0 kilometers.
The eruptions also caused many environmental problems. Lava produced by Mount. Sinabung flowed into the river, contaminating the water supplies and affecting the biodiversity of the river's ecosystem and those who lives near the volcano must leave before it’s eruption.
When a volcano's eruptive history is known, researchers can more confidently turn to modern techniques to help them call the next eruption. They have demonstrated that by using the Seismometers which used to detect earthquakes that are caused as magma rises up through cracks in the Earth's crust, Thermal imaging techniques and satellite cameras can be used to detect heat around a volcano which predicts the temperatures around the volcano rise as activity increases and Gas samples may be taken and chemical sensors used to measure sulfur levels which predict when a volcano is close to erupting it starts to release gases. The higher the sulfur content of these gases, the closer the volcano is to erupting. Possible solution on minimizing the disaster is not to build towns around a volcano, spraying oncoming lava flow with seawater also helps, the government can have sent the military to divert the lava flow by bombing at the correct angle and place, could also use barrier walls to block and penetrate the flow of lava and use diversionary lava channels, so as to change the directions of the lava flow and studying about volcanoes.
September 15th, 2013
On Sunday the volcano erupted at 3am in the morning. People were told to evacuated and stays in five halls for shelter.
November 5th, 2013
The volcano erupted again, Villagers were again being told to evacuate and advised villagers to keep a distance of at least 2 miles from the volcano, The economic change in the area. On 11th of November, a pyroclastic flow, a fast-moving avalanche of ash, lava fragments and air, was seen racing down the peak and having explosions of ash up to 2 times a day. (the "Pacific Ring of Fire". )
January 4th, 2014
The volcano erupted again. People were again to be excavated. The spewing is about 13,000 ft high column of ash damaging those who's on it's path.
February 1st, 2014
Damaged plants due to eruption
On 1 February 2014, the clouds of hot ash 2 kilometres into the air and goes down near the village.
October 5th, 2014
The eruption spills an ash plume of up to 2 km in height and a pyroclastic flow of 4.5 km in a southerly direction. Further eruptions between 20 and 25 October have resulted that cloud of ash obscuring some satellite observation. On 26 October the pyroclastic flow travelled 3.5 km and resulted in avalanches in the area.
Recently during 2016
Erupted again on 22 May 2016 and people killed and some were injured and November the volcano erupted again.