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Westward expansion (VA SOL US1.8)

This presentation describes, explains, & analyzes the motives, contributing factors, & beliefs of US westward expansion. It also explores the social impact by explaining & describing the social reform movements & their respective leaders.
by

Jonathan Kenneth

on 29 April 2011

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Transcript of Westward expansion (VA SOL US1.8)

WESTWARD EXPANSION This is where we pick up this particular story...America is young & it's industries are expanding The United States is STRONG & THRIVING, establishing itself as a power to be reckon with. The UNITED STATES is strong because it won its independence from GREAT BRITAIN in 1783 (officially) & defeated GREAT BRITAIN in the War of 1812 The US is also thriving because it was experiencing heavy industrialization....America was growing fast & was also upcoming in the WORLD economy. We were trading with foreign nations on a much larger scale. American COTTON from the Southern states and milder areas was in high demand. American MANUFACTURED GOODS from it's industrial core were also becoming 'GLOBAL' goods as well. ?WHY? the US began to GROW as it PROSPERED it started to expand into territories & lands WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER BECAUSE AND The first area obtained was the LOUISIANA PURCHASE was made in 1803 by THOMAS JEFFERSON. He paid FRANCE $15 Million for a plot of land that DOUBLED THE SIZE OF THE US OVERNIGHT Jefferson then hired Meriweather Lewis & William clark to explore these western lands. The LEWIS & CLARK EXPEDITION explored this new territory. They DOCUMENTED PLANT & ANIMAL SPECIES, natural reources, & the type of people that already lived there *MANIFEST DESTINY* The new that they returned with excited Americans People became eager to move west upon hearing the news of the vast lands & resources the wetern wilderness offered lets follow thepath of the LEWIS & CLARK EXPEDITION They traveled west along the MISSOURI RIVER they traversed across the ROCKY MOUNTAINS & along the COLUMBIA RIVER To the PACIFIC OCEAN Here is the path they took * * the 'sensational' news stories of their travels promoted a new idea called... America continued to expand following along this new BELIEF The next territory aquired by the US was FLORIDA in 1819. The US pretty much forced SPAIN to sign it over the US in a treaty OR risk possibly going to war THE REPEBLIC of TEXAS WAS ANNEXED in 1845 after TEXAS had first beaten MEXIXCO in a war and won it's own independence. See TEXAS requested joining the Union as a state but MEXICO threatened war if the US admitted TEXAS as a state TEXAS knew about the threat, & got sneaky...threatening to 'join' GREAT BRITAIN or France if the US would not admit them as a state So...the US admitted TEXAS and went to WAR WITH MEXICO As the US fought a war with Mexico, it also negitiated a TREATY with GREAT BRITAIN, dividing the OREGON TERRITORY along the 49th Parallel. This territory was aquired in 1846. Finally, in 1848...the US defeated Mexico in the Mexican-American War. In the PEACE TREATY WITH MEXICO, the US obtained the CALIFORNIA TERRITORY So by the end of this expansion, the UNITED STATES looked like this Why did people decide to move west? These are GEOGRAPHIC & ECONOMIC FACTORS that motivated people to move west

The population grew rapidly, causing OVERCORWDING in the EAST

Western lands were CHEAP & FERTILE

New job opportunities: (1) LOGGING; (2) FARMING; (3) MINING

CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH (1849)

FREEDOM-for runaway slaves

Increased KNOWLEDGE OF OVERLAND TRAILS (OREGON TRAIL & SANTA FE TRAIL

Use of CHEAPER & FASTER TRANSPORTATION the Oregon Trail The Santa Fe Trail * * * * Overland Trails look like this Those GEOGRAPHIC & ECONOMIC FACTORS combined with INVENTORS & ENTREPRENEURS and MANIFEST DESTINY to speed up westward movement Manifest Destiny became a popular culture BELIEF that it was the Right of and for the greater good of the US to expand west to the Pacific Ocean New INVENTIONS allowed people to move across the country faster & to better sustain themselves & their families in their new home HOW? The cotton gin did a few things 1st...it increased the productivity of cotton, which means cotton could be cleaned & the seeds removed much faster 2nd...it had a negative outcome by increasing the South's need for SLAVES 3rd...it contributed to westward expansion by helping growers BOOST PRODUCTIVITY That means more land would now be needed...and that land was out WEST So what did it look like on a map? the COTTON GIN was invented by ELI WHITNEY Another INVENTION was the REAPER. It was created by a slave & master team. JO ANDERSON helped his master, CYRUS MCCORMICK patton the invention and then MCCORMICK, also an ENTREPRENEUR, marketed it to farmers Since the west was full of FERTILE LAND, farmers rushed out west looking to establish themselves. The REAPER allowed farmers to be more productive, as farmers could HARVEST CROPS FASTER than before FERTILE LANDS + REAPER = westward expansion An INVENTION that contributed to CHEAP & FAST TRANSPORTATION was the STEAM BOAT. IT's boiler systems were improved & marketed by ENTREPRENEUR ROBERT FULTON. Travel across the ERIE CANAL... The MISSISSIPPI RIVER... & the MISSOURI RIVER... travel by water was made more efficient and more comfortable As PIONEERS 1st traveled west, KNOWLEDGE OF OVERLAND TRAILS increased, also aiding in the development of new & faster ways to get west The last major invention we'll be discussing is the STEAM LOCOMOTIVE This INVENTION was extremely important because it allowed people the luxury of traveling across country in 1 week...just 7 days!!! This was waaaaaaaaaay better than the old alternative of... Which took anywhere from 4-8 months to travel...YIKES!!! The expansion of the country created social tensions... So...Social reform movements began ADVOCATING for the EQUAL RIGHTS of minority groups Those groups were the SUFFRAGISTS & ABOLITIONISTS SUFFRAGISTS promoted VOTING RIGHTS & equal rights for women ABOLITIONISTS promoted the banning of SLAVERY because they thought it was CRUEL & INHUMANE * * The ERIE CANAL was a 363-mile long man-made water way that connected Albany, NY to Lake Erie in the GREAT LAKES... People begin to argue about the 'structure' of society & the rights, privileges, & freedoms ALL Americans should enjoy ...and this is how the story continued on through westward expansion Lets take a look at the SUFFRAGUSTS SUSAN B ANTHONY ELIZABETH CADY STANTON 'ALL men & WOMEN are created equal' sUSAN B ANTHONY fought deligently as an ADVOCATE to gain voting & equal rights for women She worked tirelessly to obtain these rights, working with other activists like... ELIZABENTH CADY STANTION, like her friend & fellow activist, PLAYED A LEADERSHIP ROLE IN THE SUFFRAGIST MOVEMENT Isabel SOJOURNER TRUTH was a FORMER ENSLAVED AFRICAN AMERICAN She became NATIONALLY KNOWN ADVOCATE FOR EQUALIY & JUSTICE SUFFRAGISTS believed women were deprived of these basic rights:

women were DEPRIVED OF THE RIGHT TO VOTE

women were DENIED EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES TO AN EDUCATION

women were DENIED EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES IN BUSINESS

women were LIMITED IN RIGHTS TO OWN PROPERTY ...while the suffragist movement was coming to life another was flourishing...it is the ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON was a leader who called for IMMEDIATE EMANCIPATION OF ALL SLAVES He promoted his ideas in his newspaper, THE LIBERATOR HARRIT TUBMAN was a FORMER ENSLAVED WOMAN who led hundreds to safety along the UNDERGROUND RAILROAD lastly FREDERICK DOUGLASS promoted abolition of slavery BY GIVING SPEECHES DOUGLASS was an impressive speaker he also published the NORTHSTAR the NORTHSTAR was a guide for slaves escaping to the NORTH, but was also DOUGLASS' newspaper, which communicated information about both the abolition movement the abolitionist movement BELIEVED THAT:

SLAVERY WAS CRUEL & INHUMANE

SLAVERY MORALLY WRONG

SLAVERY WAS A VIOLATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY THE END 8A 8B 8C 8D
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