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Westward expansion (VA SOL US1.8)
Transcript of Westward expansion (VA SOL US1.8)
The population grew rapidly, causing OVERCORWDING in the EAST
Western lands were CHEAP & FERTILE
New job opportunities: (1) LOGGING; (2) FARMING; (3) MINING
CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH (1849)
FREEDOM-for runaway slaves
Increased KNOWLEDGE OF OVERLAND TRAILS (OREGON TRAIL & SANTA FE TRAIL
Use of CHEAPER & FASTER TRANSPORTATION the Oregon Trail The Santa Fe Trail * * * * Overland Trails look like this Those GEOGRAPHIC & ECONOMIC FACTORS combined with INVENTORS & ENTREPRENEURS and MANIFEST DESTINY to speed up westward movement Manifest Destiny became a popular culture BELIEF that it was the Right of and for the greater good of the US to expand west to the Pacific Ocean New INVENTIONS allowed people to move across the country faster & to better sustain themselves & their families in their new home HOW? The cotton gin did a few things 1st...it increased the productivity of cotton, which means cotton could be cleaned & the seeds removed much faster 2nd...it had a negative outcome by increasing the South's need for SLAVES 3rd...it contributed to westward expansion by helping growers BOOST PRODUCTIVITY That means more land would now be needed...and that land was out WEST So what did it look like on a map? the COTTON GIN was invented by ELI WHITNEY Another INVENTION was the REAPER. It was created by a slave & master team. JO ANDERSON helped his master, CYRUS MCCORMICK patton the invention and then MCCORMICK, also an ENTREPRENEUR, marketed it to farmers Since the west was full of FERTILE LAND, farmers rushed out west looking to establish themselves. The REAPER allowed farmers to be more productive, as farmers could HARVEST CROPS FASTER than before FERTILE LANDS + REAPER = westward expansion An INVENTION that contributed to CHEAP & FAST TRANSPORTATION was the STEAM BOAT. IT's boiler systems were improved & marketed by ENTREPRENEUR ROBERT FULTON. Travel across the ERIE CANAL... The MISSISSIPPI RIVER... & the MISSOURI RIVER... travel by water was made more efficient and more comfortable As PIONEERS 1st traveled west, KNOWLEDGE OF OVERLAND TRAILS increased, also aiding in the development of new & faster ways to get west The last major invention we'll be discussing is the STEAM LOCOMOTIVE This INVENTION was extremely important because it allowed people the luxury of traveling across country in 1 week...just 7 days!!! This was waaaaaaaaaay better than the old alternative of... Which took anywhere from 4-8 months to travel...YIKES!!! The expansion of the country created social tensions... So...Social reform movements began ADVOCATING for the EQUAL RIGHTS of minority groups Those groups were the SUFFRAGISTS & ABOLITIONISTS SUFFRAGISTS promoted VOTING RIGHTS & equal rights for women ABOLITIONISTS promoted the banning of SLAVERY because they thought it was CRUEL & INHUMANE * * The ERIE CANAL was a 363-mile long man-made water way that connected Albany, NY to Lake Erie in the GREAT LAKES... People begin to argue about the 'structure' of society & the rights, privileges, & freedoms ALL Americans should enjoy ...and this is how the story continued on through westward expansion Lets take a look at the SUFFRAGUSTS SUSAN B ANTHONY ELIZABETH CADY STANTON 'ALL men & WOMEN are created equal' sUSAN B ANTHONY fought deligently as an ADVOCATE to gain voting & equal rights for women She worked tirelessly to obtain these rights, working with other activists like... ELIZABENTH CADY STANTION, like her friend & fellow activist, PLAYED A LEADERSHIP ROLE IN THE SUFFRAGIST MOVEMENT Isabel SOJOURNER TRUTH was a FORMER ENSLAVED AFRICAN AMERICAN She became NATIONALLY KNOWN ADVOCATE FOR EQUALIY & JUSTICE SUFFRAGISTS believed women were deprived of these basic rights:
women were DEPRIVED OF THE RIGHT TO VOTE
women were DENIED EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES TO AN EDUCATION
women were DENIED EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES IN BUSINESS
women were LIMITED IN RIGHTS TO OWN PROPERTY ...while the suffragist movement was coming to life another was flourishing...it is the ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON was a leader who called for IMMEDIATE EMANCIPATION OF ALL SLAVES He promoted his ideas in his newspaper, THE LIBERATOR HARRIT TUBMAN was a FORMER ENSLAVED WOMAN who led hundreds to safety along the UNDERGROUND RAILROAD lastly FREDERICK DOUGLASS promoted abolition of slavery BY GIVING SPEECHES DOUGLASS was an impressive speaker he also published the NORTHSTAR the NORTHSTAR was a guide for slaves escaping to the NORTH, but was also DOUGLASS' newspaper, which communicated information about both the abolition movement the abolitionist movement BELIEVED THAT:
SLAVERY WAS CRUEL & INHUMANE
SLAVERY MORALLY WRONG
SLAVERY WAS A VIOLATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY THE END 8A 8B 8C 8D