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Group Dynamics PPt

Incorporation for group dynamics

Jeanine Eckenrode

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of Group Dynamics PPt

Incorporation for Cayuga Community College Presented by Jeanine Eckenrode
Student Development Counselor Group Dynamics
Leadership Retreat Fundamentals of running a group
Importance of product and process
Complete social style inventory
Work in groups to complete goals Objectives for workshop Set up group norms/rules
Introduction of name game activity
Get to know group! by Incorporation
Work together to reach common goal/s Define purpose of running group Familiarity with these group roles should provide the leader with a tool for diagnosing the weak points during meetings. *Based on research by Kenneth D. Benne and Paul Sheats, “ Functional Roles of Group Members,” Journal of Social Issues, Vol IV No. 2, 1948. Task
Individual 3 Types of group member roles*: Democratic group problem solving not only deals with the facts but also the values and attitudes of the group Initiator-Contributor: “idea person”; plays a crucial role at determining alternative solutions to problems
Information seeker: asks for clarification of suggestions
Opinion Giver: states his belief , attitude or opinion on the suggestions Task Group The Encourager: Offers praise, commends and agrees with others
The Harmonizer: attempts to resolve conflict between members
The Compromiser: Helps maintain group cohesion by “coming half way” or admitting an error
Gate-Keeper: attempts to keep channels of communication open so all members can participate When a group is attempting to complete a task, tension begins to build between conflicting ideas, values and attitudes. As the tension increase, group cohesion may begin to decrease. Maintenance Group Recruitment for new members
Aims and goals
Ground rules
Open or closed groups
Leadership roles
Usual pattern for session
Introductions and “warming up”
Choosing an activity or theme
The activity
Ending the session
Recording and evaluation
Group process over time Checklist for running a group Dominator: tries to “take over” the group by giving directions or making decisions for the group
The Blocker: reacts negatively towards every suggestion for problem solving
The Special-Interest Pleader: characterized phases or individual point of view These roles are frequently attempts by members to satisfy individual needs. To remedy this self centered behavior, the entire group needs to discover the cause and then apply a remedy, agreed on by the group. Individual Roles The Life Cycle of a Group Agree/Disagree Activity Defining or re-framing the conflict is usually the first step
Facilitators try to get parties to think about the issues in terms of interests rather than positions, values or needs
Brainstorm alternative approaches to a problem
Ideas are examined to determine costs/benefits of each
Choice is narrowed down to one approach Consensus Building/
Collaborative Problem Solving Complete the inventory
Work in groups for consensus building Social Styles Inventory Check-in with group; get new ideas
Allow all participants to evaluate program
Sample evaluation questions Remember to Evaluate! Running of meetings
Social Style Inventory
Work in groups Reflection/Summary
Full transcript