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Methods Group Project
Transcript of Methods Group Project
Plan Guide Website O Consultations A Teaching A E E I Give List O O O Host learning/cooking session A I Mom Delivery A Pickup A E Car Situation & Hypothesis Situation:
With rising health concerns, a busy, working “Mom”, recognizes that her family does not eat regularly. She is trying to find ways to incorporate healthy nutritional choices into their already busy schedule.
Innovations that improve dietary habits for a busy family which will contribute to weight loss and disease prevention. Trudy What about wellness are we interested in?
Why do we need to help this family?
What is the research purpose?
How did we get data (photos/interview/video/observation)? Insights on the Individual Insights on the Environment A After listening to Trudy’s story, Mindy, immediately understood her family dietary and budgetary needs. She showed Trudy where all the area stores were located. It turns out there was one near Trudy’s work. Mindy created an online account for her that included her weekly grocery lists based off meal plans they established together. These would be emailed to her every week, she could then add or remove listed items as needed, and send the list onto the store for fulfillment and delivery or pick up. Trudy’s first try using this new service was put to the test when her in-laws unexpectedly invited themselves over for the day on Saturday. Trudy quickly put together a menu based on her food plan and ordered the food for pick up on her way home from work. At the store Trudy drove her vehicle through to the back of the store and popped the trunk. The attendant greeted her by name and swapped out her empty cooler with her filled one. Five minutes later she was on her way home. Trudy was pleased with the fresh food she could purchase and feed her family. For the first time Trudy felt some semblance of control over the food situation within her family. Improving health-care is a “wicked problem” No consensus on “the problem”
No “stopping rule”
No clear-cut formula for judging solutions
Every solution is a “one-shot operation”
No clear-cut list of alternative solutions
Each person’s situation is unique —after Horst Rittel What is health? Implications for design trial and error ≈
quality management ≈≈ design An enabling infrastructure:
sensors+big data+services Information Age Health-care People focus on life,
not health Health is multi-factorial Health is dynamic Reframing Health
as more than Health-care Source: Rajiv Mehta & Hugh Dubberly Patients become designers floor plan store front Insights on the Activity Insights on the Objects Key User Needs Empowered through education and access Shop A Angel Stahl
Torry Guo Our project is to design a product, system or service that will help a busy modern “Mom”, who is showing signs she may be at risk for developing chronic diseases, make better, informed dietary choices, which will result in lowering her family’s overall risk of chronic disease development and still fit into their fast paced lifestyle? Physical Environment
Individual Time Management/Prioritization
Individual Diet/Eating Habits Research Approach Questions we asked:
What about wellness are we interested in?
Why do we need to help this family?
What is the research purpose?
How did we get data (photos/interview/video/observation)? Additional methods and strategies included:
Archival research and discourse analysis
The Logical Augmentation Strategy
Image Analysis/Interview Data Grounded Theory Image Analysis and Interview Data Group 3 Final presentation
ARCH701 / ADS712 What is the question? Illustration contributed by Conor William Sixta What's our goal? “More than one billion adults worldwide are overweight; at least 300 million of them are clinically obese.” - CDC “Childhood overweight and obesity have reached epidemic proportions and are major public health problems nationally and globally” “Currently, about 25 million U.S. children and adolescents are overweight or obese, and children from families that are of low socio-economic status are disproportionately affected About 75% of cardiovascular diseases can be attributed to the majority risks: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, low fruit and vegetable intake, inactive lifestyle and tobacco. 78% of American's not meeting basic activity level recommendations- - Wellness International Network Ltd - web.winltd.com Health. it’s really broad Chronic Disease Medication c Biometric Exercise Diet Physical Psychosocial Context Chronic diseases are now the MAJOR CAUSE OF DEATH and disability worldwide. Non-communicable conditions, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, OBSEITY, cancer and respiratory diseases, now account for 59% of the 57 million deaths annually and 46% of the global burden of disease. About 75% of cardiovascular diseases can be attributed to the majority risks: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, low fruit and vegetable intake, inactive lifestyle and tobacco 78% of American's not meeting basic activity level recommendations- Wellness International Network Ltd - web.winltd.com “Childhood overweight and obesity have reached epidemic proportions and are major public health problems nationally and globally” -Institute of Medicine. Preventing Childhood Obesity, Washington, D.C: National Academy Press, 2005. About 75% of cardiovascular diseases can be attributed to the majority risks: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, low fruit and vegetable intake, inactive lifestyle and tobacco. . - Wellness International Network Ltd - web.winltd.com is a 37 year old mother of two pre-teen children. She works full-time as a executive assistant. She lives on the edge of the suburbs. She has borderline hyper tension and high cholesteral.
In her free time she volunteers with the PTA so that she can stay involved in with her kids education. Trudy loves to cook and bake, but finds that by the time she gets home from work she grabs whatever is handy and prepackaged from the freezer. Her kids eat school lunches and she finds herself grabbing lunch from the nearest fast food place.
Trudy knows she could eat better, but feels that she is barely able to keep up with housecleaning, work and the PTA without planning better meals. To be in Control! A Guidance and Support System Knowledge to Successfully Plan Ahead Easy Access to the Right Foods Wellness Liaison
Social Groups Education and planning tools Tools to Navigate the Market
Tools to Navigate Product Labels Literature Review
Archival research and discourse analysis
The Logical Augmentation Strategy
Image Analysis/Interview Data Methods and strategies included: Questions we asked ourselves: The average family manages to get together for just minutes a day…And most of that time is spent either in front of the TV or eating. “Between 1970 and 2004, the prevalence of overweight almost tripled among U.S. preschoolers and adolescents and quadrupled among children aged 6 to 11 years”” - Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, McDowell MA, Tabak CJ, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999-2004. JAMA 2006; 295, (13): 1549-1555. “Currently, about 25 million U.S. children and adolescents are overweight or obese, and children from families that are of low socio-economic status are disproportionately affected.” Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Childhood Obesity, 2007. http://www.rwjf.org/obesity Sustained behavioral interventions have been shown to be effective in
reducing population risk factors.
A few, largely preventable, risk factors account for most of the world’s
disease burden, namely improved eating habits and sustained exercise.
The US in the 1900’s exhibited an increase in the number of women in the workforce…leading to an increased trend in the consumption of convenience foods-prepackaged, fast foods and restaurant food…resulting in a direct correlation to the increase in obesity. Expert Committee Recommendations on the Assessment, Prevention, and Treatment of Child and
Adolescent Overweight and Obesity, January 25, 2007. http://www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/433/ped_obesity_recs.pdf
“Causes Effects of the Changing American Diet, 1900 to the Present”, Julia Amrock, March 25, 2003 The development of obesity in childhood and subsequently in adulthood involves interactions among multiple factors that may shape daily diet and physical activity behaviors and increase obesity and cardiovascular disease risks. These factors are personal (e.g., beliefs, attitudes, cultural experiences, taste preferences, and DIETARY COMPOSTIION), environmental (e.g., HOMES, schools, community, food availability and cost, built environment), societal (e.g., cultural norms, advertising and food marketing, social networks, technological developments, economics, public policy) and healthcare-related (e.g., provider counseling and treatment, reimbursement), as well as physiological (e.g., intrauterine and EARLY LIFE “PROGRAMMING”, appetite and satiety mechanisms and regulation, adipose tissue metabolism, genetic predisposition) . “Working Group Report on Future Research Directions in Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment”, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. August 21-22, 2007. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/meetings/workshops/child-obesity/index.htm#postmodel “[To forum respondent] you need to lose about 100 pounds. You can start slowly by walking 10 minutes a day and then increase it every month. Watch your eating habits. Drink plenty of water, eat at least 2 fruits, 3 vegetables 2 low fat dairy products and 5 low fat proteins. Don't eat too much white bread and substitute whole grain breads. You'll see the weight coming off soon but keep up with it and you'll be dancing with joy in no time.”
Posted by Angel Sun Mar 28, 2010 7:16am PDT “Well ladies, all I can say is, the older you get the harder it is to lose weight. You've been active and you wake up one day and you've become stiffer and once you bend down, you can't get back up, and you say ‘When did this happen?’ . It's like overnight your flexing body went away and you become this old person. What I will say ladies is keeping moving.”
Posted by me Sun Mar 28, 2010 7:20am PDT THE DESIGN RESEARCH DESIGNING “A lot of times, weight gain is the result of living life; by that I mean, getting settled into your career, marriage, children, bills to pay and no time for exercise; all meals are eaten on the fly due to your being on the fast track. Some women eat for comfort--I'm one of them--and exercise doesn't bring them the comfort they seek. So they sit and all the excess calories get stored as fat.”
Posted by Shannon Sat Mar 27, 2010 2:07am PDT “We’ve been eating very healthy here at my home…however yesterday I’d made a ham and cheese casserole for my 3 teenagers, for a treat…not very healthy at all…but of course it tasted great. However, after my 18 year old ate dinner, he said “mom, could you please not make this anymore, I’m really liking the healthy food much better”.
I was so excited to hear that my knowledge and my healthy tasty cooking is affecting them…I’ve also noticed a total change in my boys attitudes since they’ve been eating healthy, they sleep better, and have much more energy for their sports. Thanks to SP for teaching me great habits.”
- Barbara, age 45 “For the first time this weekend I took my daughter to the grocery store and made her read the labels before putting an item in the cart. I asked her to focus on two things
Calories per serving
Amount in serving.
She was floored with just that bit of information. I challenged my daughter to start looking at the servings and calories before putting the food in her mouth.
That was one step for us. As for my son, he now looks forward to our time together working out. He uses my equipment the best way he can. We have now started a new task where he plays his guitar faster and makes me run faster until he slows down. He has NO idea that he challenges me every time he does that.” - Betty, age 39 “I haven’t I worked out myself. One of my goals is trying to improve my own eating, working out lifestyle…for my daughter. She is 7 and is starting to get a little extra lbs on her. I always try to encourage her to be active, but I am not always successful as I work long hours and only have limited time with her.
I have been on a mission lately trying to find a family workout video or a kids workout video that would be fun do as a family. But so far I have not found a great one for all of us. I know that walks would be great but with shorter days and Wisconsin Winter setting in it is getting harder and harder to find daylight time to “play”.
Being from a small town there is little to choose from to get out and do athletic activities as a family. Does anyone have any suggestions?”
-Linda, age 34 What can be designed that will help a busy modern “Mom”, who is showing signs she may be at risk for developing chronic diseases, make better, informed dietary choices, which will result in lowering her family’s overall risk of chronic disease development and still fit into their fast paced lifestyle. Trudy loved being a mom.
However, someday, she had noticed that her elder son was packing on a few pounds. Having been recently told by her doctor that she was pre-diabetic, she began to read up on healthful eating.
Knowing what to buy, cook and eat was one thing, but making it work for her lifestyle was another. The kids themselves would likely not want to eat any of the healthy meals she made anyways.
From Advanced Supermarket, she noticed a blurb about a Community Liason, who could help her prepare a 6-week meal plan around her family’s dietary needs. She could choose the level of healthy eating as well as work around family preferences. A weekly list could help her shop and she could even have a ‘Cook a-head’ party with a few girlfriends with the Community Liason as educator.
Trudy decided to give it a try and scheduled an appointment.