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Hunger & Starvation

In essence, hunger is the most extreme form of poverty, where individuals or families cannot afford to meet their most basic need for food. Hunger manifests itself in many ways other than starvation and famine. Most poor people who battle hunger deal wit
by

Inna Khvorostova

on 23 May 2010

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Transcript of Hunger & Starvation

Hunger & Starvation Hunger Starvation Starvation is a severe reduction in vitamin, nutrient and energy intake.
In humans, prolonged starvation can cause permanent organ damage and, eventually, death.
According to the FAO, it currently effects more than billion people, or 1 in 6 people in the planet. Hunger is a social condition of people who can't afford to meet their basic need for food.
According to the WHO, it is the gravest single threat to the world's public health.
Hunger is a biggest contributor to child mortality, famine Famine is the failure of food production or distribution systems, leading to sharply increased mortality due to starvation and associated disease. Reasons:
crop failure;
pestilence;
war & genocide;
economic and political circumstances;
lack of technological and social development. Definition & facts Medical aspects Common causes Medical reasons:
anorexia;
bulimia;
coma;
major depressive disorder;
diabetes;
degestive disease.
Circumstantial causes:
fasting;
poverty. Symptoms & signs Dehydration --> cracked skin;
Vitamin deficiency --> inability to fight diseases;
Energy deficiency --> apathy --> interaction with the surrounding world diminishes;
Loss of substantial fat and muscle mass --> all movements become painful. Help & support FAO
(food & agriculture organization) It is a specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The World Summit on Food Security
(Rome, Italy, 16 - 18 November 2009)
Problems:
food prices remain stubbornly high;
the global economic crisis is aggravating the situation by affecting jobs and deepening poverty;
the number of chronically hungry people grows. The Special Programme for Food Security
is one of the the Millennium Development Goals;
covers 102 countries;
is aimed to eliminate hunger, undernourishment and poverty.
Emergency response
Niger and Chad - $17.2 million worth of aid to herders and farmers to overcome the worst food shortage;
Haiti - revive food production after a devastating earthquake.
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