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Ireland in the 20th Century
Transcript of Ireland in the 20th Century
20th Century 1900-1999
Ireland in the 20th Century
By: Ricky Roybal
1900: Reflector sight created by Howard Grubb.
1910s: Radiotherapy developed by John Joly.
1926: Three point linkage, patented by Harry Ferguson.
1930: Nickel-zinc battery created by Dr. James Drumm.
1930s: The first disintegration of an atomic nucleus by artificially accelerated protons discovered by Ernest Walton et al.
1946: Ejection seat - first live test of a reliable, successful modern ejection seat developed by James Martin
1954: Clofazimine first synthesized by a medical research team led by Cork man Vincent Barry at Trinity College, Dublin.
1965: Portable defribrillator created by Frank Pantridge.
1967: Pulsar co-discovered by Jocelyn Bell Burnell.
1970s: Positive end-expiratory pressure technique for treatment of pulmonary contusion - at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast.
- Outbreak of World War I delays implementation of new home rule legislation which would have restored the Dublin parliament following centuries of unrest over British dominion in Ireland.
- Nationalists stage Easter Rising, seizing the General Post Office in Dublin and proclaiming an independent Irish republic. The rising is crushed by the British who execute its leaders, including all seven signatories of the declaration of the republic. Irish public opinion is outraged.
- Led by Eamonn De Valera, the nationalist movement Sinn Fein ('We Ourselves') sets up a Dublin assembly, the Dail Eireann, which again proclaims Irish independence. A guerrilla campaign by the Irish Republican Army, or IRA, against British forces begins with heavy casualties on both sides.
- Irish Free State joins the League of Nations.
(colleen) - girl
(come-on) - shape of ashwood stick used in the game of hurling.
; edible seaweed.
céad míle fáilte
(kay-ed mill-uh fault-chuh) - a hundred thousand welcomes.
means welcome. Actually, it means, "Here comes another one".
ceilidh / ceili
(kaylee) - friendly call, visit, social evening, dancing session.
(diddle-ee-aye-die) - traditional Irish music. "Were they playing rock and roll last night, or was it diddleeidie?"
- native of Dublin (see also jackeen)
- (feenyun) Republican or revolutionary; after Fionn Mac Cumhaill, legendary warrior; a term (of abuse,
poitin / poteen
(poocheen) - literally, "little pot"; illicit moonshine whiskey.
seanachaí / seanachie
(shanachie) - storyteller.
- Douglas Hyde becomes first president of Eire. De Valera is prime minister.
- Outbreak of World War II. Eire remains neutral, but many Irish citizens join the Allied forces.
- Ireland joins the European Economic Community. Violence in Northern Ireland intensifies. Relations between Ireland and Britain are strained.
- Ireland faces severe economic problems, with rising debt and unemployment. Three elections are held in the space of less than two years as politicians grapple with the difficulties.
- Mary Robinson becomes first woman president of Ireland
- Irish voters approve a loosening of the abortion law. Access to information is guaranteed, and travel abroad to have an abortion is permitted.
- Divorce becomes legal in Ireland under certain circumstances. The law is opposed by the Roman Catholic Church.
- The Good Friday Agreement on a political settlement for Northern Ireland is approved by voters in referendums in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland.