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IoT - HOWTO Drink From a Firehose
Transcript of IoT - HOWTO Drink From a Firehose
From a Fire hose
Simon Lemay -
John Schloman -
Melvin Ramos -
This is not About
How to connected your toilet to your refrigerator
A technical in depth evaluation of a specific technology
What we make at our Company
Selling you technologies we like
is About Data
IP Traffic 2004-2016
The Fire hose
Keep Calm and Reread the Spec
How to deal with the Exchange of Data in the IoT
How to Aggregate Data in the IoT
So, this Talk is About Data
The Qualities of
an IOT platform
The way a device connect should not matter in the grander scheme of things when data are being aggregated, it as to be treated as data in a generic form
The device type does not matter when information is shared
There is no place for proprietary protocol
Security, Authorization and Access
This is both physical and conceptual
A device like a sensor could be provide access to many users in many ways simultaneously for different periods of time
Objects can own objects
Devices can be claimed if unowned, and this can be done in a secure fashion
Device type doesn't matter on all sides of a exchange. Both smart and constrained devices (e.g, $0.05 thermometer, legacy* hardware).
Unified object model
Headless understanding of operations
Low bandwidth, low power, low processing, battery-friendly
Respectful in both requests and handling responses (i.e., don't spam the device on GSM)
Device to Device
Device to Cloud
Human to Device
Aggregate the Generated Data
IoT + BigData = Fog Computing
What is the trend of my sensors over
What is the current status of my device?
Operational cost of my devices vs. maintenance?
Can I afford to have my process be affected of a broken device?
Is my device due for maintenance?
How much is each device consuming on overall data bandwidth? If its mobile can we reliably tell that we are not excessively depleting it?
What is the trend of device in terms of power usage?
Is it taking long processing a command? Is the device able to send sensors in timely manner? What is the average time it took to execute a simple command? How about the total network round trip?
Logistics BigData Concept
Composition of Potential Data
A typical device can send “ping” or heartbeat [H] message every 20-30
It can send send a sensor [S] information as soon as its available (event) or
periodic. 30-60 seconds.
A device owner can send messages to a device arbitrarily, but it can also be
set as a timer.
Upward Minute Trend = No. of Device * (2*[H] + [S])
Downward Minute Trend = No. of Device * X Commands
Hours? Days? Weeks? Quarterly? Or Yearly?
Compress and aggregate
Compress the data, by aggregating data as
soon as data is received.
Represent the data on aggregated data buckets, and split
Days = 24 Hours [24 hours is the granularity]
Group the data logically if possible.
Use a NoSQL database to store your data.
Devices can learn common commands to be executed base on time.
A Cloud application can define maintenance window where devices are least used.
Devices can be segmented and group together by purpose or data.
Summary of device activity for Month, Quarter or Year.
Device maintenance schedule and/or usage.
Settings and status of device on month-to-month.
Historical trends of device activity.
Visualization and logical grouping of devices
We are also hiring talented developers please approach us if you are interested...
With the number of devices projected, we cannot achieve the end goal communicating through silos.
Era of Collaboration
The strength is to be able to exchange data freely to offer ease access to the IoT.
Data gains a lot of value when mixed with the ecosystem.
How are They Helping
Put all device on the same level
Offer a comprehensive unified transaction model
Offer an extensible Data and object model
Many IoT standards already exists
Favor a healthy exchange of data
Low CPU consumption
Offer alternative communication semantics for more constraint device
Defines a norm
Can you imagine having a different power plug per appliance manufacturer
Interface between production phase
Interface between producer
Focus on core business
Don't want to be the "orphan device"
"Things will exchange data"
In 2004 monthly global Internet traffic
passed 1 exabyte.
Cisco Visual Networking Index estimates 2016 monthly traffic will hit 110.3 exabytes...
Here we are going to start adding those 50-75 Billion IoT devices.
follow us on twitter
"Greenfield" is probably more dangerous right now than "Peak Internet"
A lot has been learned in the last
decade about what data at scale means.
Those same lessons will get us through the next one.
Senior Software Engineer &
Device stack Manager
Senior Software Engineer &
Big Data Manager