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Copy of Elements of Drama

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Carrie Shahan

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Elements of Drama

Elements of Drama
Plot and Structure
Stages, Sets, and Settings
Types of Staging
Behind the scenes
How is a play organized?
Phases of plot
Plot Structure Diagram
What is the difference between comedy and tragedy?
Hero and Villain
Protagonist and Antagonist
The protagonist is...
-The main character
-Usually the positive character
Since the protagonist is the main character, who is the protagonist in A Doll's House?
The antagonist is...
-The opponent of the main character
-Becomes the consuming interest of such a play
Who is the antagonist to Nora in A Doll's House?
-The engine that drives the plot, and the presentation of conflict shapes the dramatic structure of a play.

-Internal Conflict is a struggle that occurs within the main character. This struggle happens within the character's own mind.

-External Conflict is a struggle that the main character has with another character, with society, or with a natural force.
Stage 1 - Exposition
Exposition is at the base of the mountain or the beginning of the story. This is where the author sets up the story including characters, setting, and main conflicts.

Stage 2 - Rising Action
The Rising Action occurs as you begin to move throughout the story. This is where conflicts start to build just like when you climb a mountain you are moving further along.

Stage 3 - Climax
The Climax is the turning point of the story. You have reached the top of the mountain and you cannot go any further, you have to turn and go down. This point in the story is when things finally start to move in a different direction and it may not always be a positive direction.

Stage 4 - Falling Action
Falling Action occurs after the climax as things start to work themselves out in the story. You are coming down the mountain just as you are coming down from the excitement of the climax.

Stage 5 - Resolution
The Resolution is the solution to the problem as you have reached the bottom of the mountain. The solution might not be what you want, but the conflict has been resolved.
Thrust Stage- Where the audience sits around 3 sides of the major acting area.

Arena Stage- Where the audience sits all the way around the acting area and players make their entrances and exits through the auditorium.
A play is organized differently than any other types of literature.

A play is organized into scenes and actions.

A scene is like a chapter in a book or a section of an article.

An act is like the first couple chapters of a book.
The scenery in the play is the background art or structures found on stage to help the audience get a visual of whats going on. The Set Designers work hard to create a world on stage that looks like the time and place that the play is supposed to occur in.
The hero is usually the protagonist in the play
The antagonist is usually the villain in the play

Most characterization in professional theater, however, avoids depicting pure good and pure evil in a fight to the death.
In A Cast of Amontillado, Montresor is the "hero" because he is the main character
From Montresors point of view, Fortunato is the "villain" due to his insults and aggressiveness
Drama is a story intended to be performed by actors on a stage before an audience. All dramas can be classified as either a comedy or tragedy.
A comedy is often humorous and usually ends with a happy ending.

A tragedy involves a main character that suffers a downfall.
In a tragedy the downfall may often cause hardship and pain for the main character and others around him or her.
The six key elements of a drama are:
Cast of Characters, Costumes and Props, Scenery, Script, Dialogue and Stage Directions.
Costumes and Props help the actors or actresses portray the true meaning of what's going on to help the audience understand.
The text of the play is called a script. There are two important parts. The Dialogue and Stage Directions.
Dialogue is the conversation held between two or more characters in a drama.

"The article discusses about the book on dramatics, "Playmaking: A Manual of Craftsmanship," by William Archer. Archer has long been recognized as one of the ablest and most experienced of English dramatic critic. This book is admirably written, rich in theatrical learning, and closely packed with sound. In defining the dramatic or undramatic Archer finds no difficulty, of course, in demonstrating the fact that drama does not always and inevitably consist in the conflict of will against will or in a victory over obstacles. He suggests that the real essence of it is crisis, and that a dramatic scene reveals a crisis within a crisis, furthering the ultimate event" (Archer 546-547).

"Drama." Nation 94.2448 (1912): 546-548. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.
Work Cited:

Booth, Alison and Mays, Kelly J.The Norton Introduction to Literature Portable 10th Edition. Ed. Alison Booth and Kelly J. Mays. New York: W.W. Norton, 2011. 809-949. Print.

"Drama." Nation 94.2448 (1912): 546-548. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.



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Strever, Jan. "Elements of Drama." Elements of Drama. N.p., 19 Nov. 2009. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://ol.scc.spokane.edu/jstrever/lit/cw2005/drama.htm>.
Stage Directions are the instructions written as part of the script of a play.
"A playwright's success ultimately depends on his ability to create a character that an actor can "bring to life." The playwright's ability to match the PROTAGONIST against an ANTAGONIST of some complexity and vitality can make the difference between a success and failure. Idiom, a character' personal thoughts and feelings as reflected through dialogue" (Strever).
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