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HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION EFFECT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?

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Lukas Jardin

on 20 June 2016

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Transcript of HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION EFFECT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?

process of global economic, political and cultural integration

borders have been broken down between countries

development of transport and communication technology

is playing an increasingly important role in the developing countries

has created a new opportunities for developing countries


technology transfer hold out promise, greater opportunities to access developed countries markets, growth and improved productivity and living standards

certain advantages:
economic processes
technological developments
political influences
health systems
social and natural environment factors

new challenges:
environmental deteriorations
instability in commercial and financial markets
increase inequity across and within nations
GLOBALISATION EXPLAINED:
Unsafe water, and poor sanitation and hygiene

Poorly designed irrigation,water systems, poor waste disposal and water storage, deforestation -> vector-borne diseases(malaria, dengue and leishmaniasis)

low environmental regulations to bait companys ->Urban air pollution -> kills 800 000 people

Degradation of the built urban and rural environment, particularly for pedestrians and cyclists, has been cited as a key risk factor

Lead exposure kills more than 230 000 people per year and causes cognitive effects in one third of all children globally; more than 97% of those affected live in the developing world

Unintentional poisonings kill 355 000 people
poisonings are associated with use of toxic chemicals and pesticides -> low environmental regulations


ECOLOGICAL ISSUES:
ECONOMIC & TRADE
Positive effects of globalization for developing country business
Education and Health Systems
relationships between developed countries and developing nations stronger, it made each country depend on another country

developed countries depend heavily on developing countries for raw materials, food and oil, and as markets for industrial goods

goods and people are transported easier and faster as a result free trade between countries has increased, and it decreased the possibility of war between countries

the growth in the communication between the individuals and companies in the world helped to raise free trade between countries and this led to growth economy

opportunities to tap into markets around the world


more access to capital flows, technology, human capital, cheaper imports and larger export markets


allows businesses to become part of international production networks and supply chains




Global commerce is dominated by transnational corporations


capital flows increases the risks of banking and currency crises


Competition among developing countries -> "race to the bottom"


Cultural uniqueness is lost -> universal culture


Protectionist policies

Negative effects of globalization for developing country business
Development of health and education systems

education has increased in recent years
-> G. has a catalyst to the jobs that require higher skills

Demand -> allowed people to gain higher education

growth in economic -> living standards and life expectancy get better

discovery of diseases -> helped them to created medicines to fight these deadly diseases.

decrease of illiteracy
facilitates the spread of new diseases in developing nations
increased trade and travel

influences badly to the living standards and life expectancy

World Bank (2004) "The AIDS crisis has reduced life expectancy in some parts of Africa to less than 33 years and delay in addressing the problems caused by economic".

skilled workers migrate to developed countries
higher wages and greater lifestyle

leads to decrease skills labour in the developing countries.
How can globalization affect child labor?
HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION AFFECT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?
look at the tag on your shirt
TASK
Globalization and child labor interact in two basic ways:

First, globalization may increase the employment and earnings opportunities available to poor households in developing countries. Changes in local labor markets from globalization may increase or decrease child labor.

Second, globalization increases the influence of rich countries in the domestic policies of the developing world.

Globalization can enhance employment and earnings in developing countries because of inflows of foreign investment or increases in the value of a developing country’s export products.

When a country opens to international markets, foreign investment often enters the country -> increase demand for local labor and higher wages.

Today's developing countries have comparative advantage in agriculture, and integration into international markets may increase the price of the export product to international levels.

Increased earning opportunities may increase the demand for child labor and thewages paid to children.

types of work performed by parents change

Children may be forced to take over some of the activities usually performed by adults within their household.

increased parental earnings may reduce the work that children perform.

globalization can help parents in poor countries stop child labor without foreign intervention.

increases the ability of rich countries to influence policy in the world’s poorer nations.

Rich countries can use the threat of trade sanctions to coerce policies that attempt to curtail child labor
THE EARTH
HAS CHANGED!
a process of global economic, political and cultural integration has been starting
GLOBALIZATION!
We all live in developed countrys. Have you ever asked yourself HOW GLOBALIZATION DOES AFFECT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?
OUTLINE:
Globalization explained

Ecological issues

Economic and trade

Education and health

Effects of globalization for developing country business

Child labour
Effects of globalization for developing country business
Globalization
GOOD OR BAD ?
SOURCES:
http://www.globalization101.org/what-is-globalization/
http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story043/en/
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/globalization
http://www.iugg2015prague.com/list-of-developing-countries.htm
http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/wesp_current/2012country_class.pdf
http://www.bmz.de/en/what_we_do/issues/Education/hintergrund/bildungsituation/
Full transcript