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A brief look at Modals, their functions, and some practice with pictures.

Rafael Sabio

on 20 November 2015

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Transcript of Modals

Modals - A Brief Introduction
By: Rafael Sabio - M.S. Ed. TESOL
What are Modals?
Special auxiliary verbs that are used to
emphasize the main verb in the sentence.
What are the most common modals?
may, might, could, can, would, must
When do we use each modal?
may - permission and possibility
ex - I may do my homework.
might - possibility but not certainty
ex - I might do my homework.
could - possibility
ex - I could do my homework.
can - ability
ex - I can do my homework.
would - cautionary
ex - I would do my homework.
must - strong obligation
ex - You must do your homework.

What are a couple of good things to know about modals?

Verbs that follow a modal are in infinitive form.
ex - I must go to the play. (correct)
ex - I must going to the play. (incorrect)
ex - May I play outside? (correct)
ex - May I played outside? (incorrect)
Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses
or the future tenses.
He will can go with us. (Not Correct)
He can go with us. (Correct)
She musted study very hard. (Not Correct)
She must study very hard. (Correct)
Now, let's practice!
With a partner, look at the following pictures and make a four-line conversation (i.e. 2 sentences per person)
Full transcript