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Transcript of Aquae Sulis
of Bath Aquae Sulis The city now known as Bath was founded by the ancient Celts on the site of the only natural hot springs in England. The village was centered around the cult of Sul, goddess of the springs. When the Romans conquered England, they adopted the cult of Sul because of her similarity to their goddess Minerva, and the unusual cult of Sul-Minerva was born. They established a bath and temple complex around the springs, and named the location Aquae Sulis, or Waters of Sul. The apodyterium was the changing room of the baths. There were shelves in walls where people put their clothes. Slave-owners often used slaves to guard their possessions so that thieves didn't take them. Apodyterium and Palaestra A frigidarium is a large cold pool of Roman baths. It would be entered after the Caldarium and the Tepidarium, which were used to open the pores of the skin. The cold water would close the pores. There would be a small pool of cold water or sometimes a large swimming pool (though this was usually covered). The water could be also kept cold by using snow. Frigidarium The tepidarium was the warm (tepidus) bathroom of the Roman baths heated by a hypocaust or underfloor heating system.The specialty of a tepidarium is the pleasant feeling of constant radiant heat which directly affects the human body from the walls and floor.
The Caldarium also uses a hypocaust system for heating and was a very hot and steamy room. You would get a slave to rub oils into your skin and then they would use a strigil to scrape the dirt, oil and sweat off your body. The caldarium had a bath of hot water in it. Tepidarium and Caldarium The podium of the Sul-Minerva temple measured about 4 ft. 2 ins. tall, 30 ft. wide and was approximately 50 ft. long (1.27 x 9.14 x 15.2 m). Set upon this base at the front of the temple there were four columns (tetrastyle) spaced roughly 9 ft. apart and reached by a flight of 7 steps. These columns were about 2 ft. 8 ins. in diameter which points to a column height of about 25 ft. The columns around the side of the temple were 'engaged', that is, they were set in contact with the walls of the building. The columns would have supported an achitrave and frieze, but, as none of this architecture has survived the actual height of the feature may only be guessed. Above this, at the front of the temple was a triangular pediment, about 26 ft. wide across the base and 8 ft. tall at the apex, decorated in the centre with the famous "head of medusa" emblem which has survived. the total height of the temple from its base to the apex of the roof is estimated to have been somewhere in the region of 41 ft. The Temple History of Aquae Sulis The palaestra was the exercise courtyard where everybody would do various activities including wrestling, discus, javelin, wooden sword fighting and many more. they would try to work up a sweat, so their pores would open. What Happened There? People would meet there to socialise and do buisiness.
They would go to clean themselves
They would go to pray to the goddess sulis
They would go to offer curse tablets to the gods
They would go there to exercise Thank You!!!! By Max Purdy