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Natural Reasources

Diamonds, Water, and Foreign Involvement
by

Victoria Fifer

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Natural Reasources

Diamonds Water Foreign Involvement Diamonds Water Foreign Involvement What is the importance? Mining in South Africa has been a huge contributor to the history and development of the country's economy. Where did Diamond mining all begin? Diamond mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange County River in Rwanda. Since then throughout Africa diamond mining has became evolutionary! Diamonds are huge contributers to many African countries' export revenues, allowing for funding for government, disease prevention, as well as other society necessities. History And Background Important People of Diamond Mining Diamond Statistics Location South Africa: -Orange River -Kimberly -Cape Colony Democratic Republic of Congo Angola Rwanda Uganda Namibia Zimbabwe Current State Diamonds are being smuggled out of South Africa constantly. Also miners are being paid for cheap labor, frequently killed for suspicion of theft, and diamonds are commonly mined by children. This could almost be referred to as slavery. The pop culture name given to this situation is "blood diamonds". Some mines are known for blood diamonds. Current State of Issue Statistics Main Issue/Causes Location Significant People/Groups Natural Resources Scarcity of Water Share of Waterways Lack of Clean Water average rainfall in the region varies from 250mm to 968 mm per year
Growing population means more water is needed
Scarcity in water has triggered desperation in countries that already have little access to water
Need for water is affecting food production used in irrigation farming because of scarcity The increasing demands, and limited supply forces countries to seek other sources of water outside their borders which has a high price Approximately 2 million people die every year from diseases from unsanitary water
people often drink water filled with harmful bacteria from water supplies contaminated with excrement
The military is one of the greatest producers of wastes in the world because leftover chemicals and weapons used in times of war can have an effect on water supplies Organizations helping Africa get cleaner water such as:
-UNICEF
-The Water Project
-Charity: Water
The UN Countries Educational Improvements: -Diamond Revenues enable every child in Botswana to receive a free education up to the age of 13. -Diamond Revenues have funded the building of new schools, providing nearly 12,000 South African students with a formal education. -In 1966 in Botswana there were only 3 secondary schools in the entire country, today there are 300. "Educational Improvements", Diamond Facts Imports Better Education for African Students Healthcare Improvements -An estimated 5 million people have access to appropriate healthcare globally thanks to revenue from diamonds. -Nearly one billion people do not have access to clean, safe water - that's the equivalent of 1 in 8 people on the planet. Timeline Uranium Economic Impacts: Gold -Diamonds Created 38,000 jobs -28,000 in South Africa alone Effects on GDP, Trade, and Government Copper Botswana:
-Diamond Revenue accounts for 33% of the GDP (approximately 3 million dollars)
-Accounts for 76% export revenue, 45% of government, and 33% of gross domestic production Namibia:
-Diamond Revenue accounts for 10% of GDP (700 million dollars)
40% of export revenue - Diamond Revenue has allowed funding for HIV/AIDS prevention in countries such as South Africa, Botswana, Namibia. (Rates in 2005: 2.7 million infected) -Diamond Revenue helps countries provide low cost healthcare, accessible facilities, and clean water Lower infection and mortality rates Mortality rate: 12/1,000 in Botswana Erasmus Jacobs -Erasmus Jacobs was the first to start the diamond rush -Found a transparent rock on his father's farm which was located on the South Bank of the Orange River. Very little water in the sahara (100-200 mm per year)
Most water fall is on the western coast (3000 mm per year) "Annual Rainfall and Monsoon Map." Mapsnworld "Map." Enchanted Learning. Major bodies of water such
as the Nile and Congo river
that many people rely on "interns-group-cans-up." Charity: Water Around 700,000 children die every year from diseases caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation - that's almost 2,000 children a day. -Even if you try to wash your hands in Africa you could be at risk for getting some sort of disease. -In developing countries, as much of 80% of illnesses are linked to poor water and sanitation conditions -1/3 of the world’s population lacks sufficient access to safe drinking water and sanitation to meet their basic needs. 900 million people rely on unimproved drinking-water supplies. This video shows how much men and women struggle every single day just to provide . Water is limited so much because people cant get clean drinking water The water that the people of Africa do get, have loads of bacteria, and disease. Cecil John Rhodes & Barney Barnato -Located in Kimberley, South Africa was home to the minds producing nearly 95% of the world's diamonds - Very wealthy English immigrants who were in competition with each other. -Most famous people in the diamond mining industry -Today South Africa still produces some of the highest quality diamonds of the world. Youtube- "Struggle for water" "Water Scarcity: The Importance of Water & Access" The water project; "Statistics of water crisis" France China Italy Statistics France - 15.1 % China - 10%
Italy - 9.9% $44.94 Billion (2011) worth of Imports "Water Scarcity in Africa." Grida "Afro water." Afronline "Hands." Charity Water "Drinking Water." One Days Wages
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