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Education in Afghanistan
Transcript of Education in Afghanistan
The process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, at a school or university.
E.g. "A new system of public education". History of Education in Afghanistan 1800s: Islamic teachers provided almost all of the education in Afghanistan. They taught laws and correct behaviour to children from the Qu'ran. Facts to Consider
An estimated 11 million Afghans are illiterate
Only 12.6% of females in Afghanistan are literate
Although more than 3,500 schools have been built only 40% of schools have buildings.
Thousands of communities have no educational buildings in their areas or access to schools
Until 1969 education in Afghanistan was costly and not mandatory for children between the ages of 7-15 years old.
While the Taliban were in power, boys were allowed to receive religious education only and girls were omitted from the educational system all together. Systems of Education In Afghanistan two separate systems of education exist, the old and the new.
1. The Old System: refers to the strictly religious based curriculum, for boys, taught by the mullahs (religious leaders) from the Qu'ran.
2. The New System: was founded in 1964 and entitles all individuals to free and compulsory education, based in several different subjects.
Currently, in most regions of Afghanistan, education is compulsory for grades 1-9 and is free up to the undergraduate level of university. Significant Events The educational system in Afghanistan reached its lowest point during the rule of the Taliban (1996-2001). The Taliban altered the education system and implemented that educational rights would differ based on gender. "Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world".
-Nelson Mandela 2004: Education became a right to all citizens (male and female) outlined in the Afghanistan Constitution Act. Boys vs. Girls Although Afghanistan's educational system has improved, boys are still portrayed as having more potential and a "higher value". Thus giving them more basic rights including those in an educational environment. Under the Taliban rule more than 2000 girls were effectively barred from school. Between 2006 and 2009 there were 2450 attacks on schools for girls. In some areas up to 90% of girls do not go to school Only 6% of women aged over 25 have received any formal education. Under the rule of the Taliban only boys were allowed access to education and schooling Boys education is considered to be more important In Kabul over 120 000 boys attend school on a daily basis Education has become free and compulsory since the Taliban were overthrown. Many schools in Afghanistan are still using the curriculum that was designed 30 years ago
There are roughly 30-50 students per class
Because most classroom have an outdoor environment unpleasant whether often leads to school cancellations
Many schools do not have access to necessary materials such as textbooks, writing utensils, etc. 1919: King Amanullah implemented the rapid expansion of the educational system including the education of women. However, when King Amanullah was overturned this drastically slowed.
1978: The education system was revamped in the image of the Communist ideal. Placing a strong importance on religion.
1992: The Communist government fell, however religious groups greatly opposed modern education and the education of women.
Late 2001: After reaching an all time low during the reign of the Taliban, the educational system began to improve once they were overthrown.
Present: According to recent estimates from Afghanistan's Ministry of Education, more than 5.4 million children are enrolled in schools and nearly 5% of them girls Gaining Perspective The Kite Runner is based during the reign of the Taliban in Kabul and surrounding areas. Although Amir receives a large portion of his education in the United States, his family remains in Afghanistan until he is 18. As a teenager, or even a child, Amir would have experienced some of these difficulties when it came to education. For example the novel states that a large portion of Amir schooling consisted of him learning from the Qu'ran. Problems with Education in Afghanistan no schools in rural areas
lack of space
minimal number of supplies
not enough properly trained teachers
gender discrimination Gender discrimination is one of the largest problems with the education system in Afghanistan.
The following video offers a first hand perspective. Education in Afghanistan has come a long way however there are still many issues to address. Reference to the Novel Thank you for listening ! Education plays a critical role in society by shaping the next generation. As Afghanistan works for every citizen to have access to education it grows and develops as a country.