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The 3 Branches of Government
Transcript of The 3 Branches of Government
Thomas Ruth Bader Ginsberg House of Representatives
(Lower House) Senate
(Upper House) Congress Legislative Branch Congress is the bicameral (2 chamber) legislative branch of governement, responsible for making laws. The HOR is made up of 435 members
The population of each state (determined by the census) determines how many representatives each state gets
HOR Members are elected (by direct vote) to serve two year terms and may run for office an unlimited amount of times
HOR members must be citizens for at least 7 years and be at least 25 years old The Senate is made up of 100 members, 2 per state
Senators are elected (by direct vote) to serve 6 year terms and may run for office an unlimited amount of times
Senators must be citizens for at least 9 years and be at least 30 years old Executive Branch President The President...
is responsible for executing, or carrying out legislation (laws) passed by congress, and can also veto, or reject, any proposed law passed by Congress
is the "commander in chief" of the nation's military forces
can nominate, or recommend, ambassadors (official representatives to countries) and Supreme Court justices (judges)
can pardon people convicted of violating federal (national) laws President Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States of America Executive Departments State Department Secretary of State: Hillary Clinton
Handles relations with other nations Department of the Interior Secretary of the Interior: Ken Salazar
Is responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land Department of Education Secretary of Education: Arne Duncan
Responsible for establishing federal policaies for and collecting data on U.S. schools Judicial Branch The Supreme Court Federal
System Federal District
Appellate Courts Cases involving federal laws are first heard (addressed) in district courts
Citizens can appeal decisions given in district court, which means asking a high court to review the case
Courts that review cases are called courts of appeal, or appellate courts. These courts decide if the original trial was fair and legal Keyword being SUPREME! (Keyword: SUPREME!) The Supreme Court...
consists of 9 justices (judges) who are nominated by the President [confirmed (approved of) by the Senate] and serve life terms
Has the final say (all decisions are final and binding on all lower courts) THE
STOP The Three
Branches of U.S. Government The President is selected by a group of "electors" known as the Electoral College and may serve up to two 4 year terms
Each state has one elector for each member of Congress How is the President elected? The President
can veto bills Congress can
override vetos The President
Supreme Court justices The Supreme Court can
reject treaties that
are unconstitutional Congress approves
Supreme Court Justices Can reject laws
that are unconstitutional Checks
Balances Each of the three branches of government has power over the other two