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History & Theory:
Transcript of History & Theory:
What is Real and What is Reality?
Is Reality Real?
The Violence of Architecture
MT1 - The Park - Central Park, New York
MT2 - The Street - 42nd Street
MT3 - The Tower - Home, Asylum, Prison, Hotel etc
MT4 - The Block - 5 inner courtyards within city blocks
He is an architect, writer, and educator
Father was an architect (Jean Tschumi)
Commonly associated with Deconstructivism
A written or printed version of material originally presented in another medium
Deconstructivism began in the late 1980s.
Deconstructivism was simply a move against the practise of Postmodernism.
It is characterized by fragmentation, an interest in manipulating a structure's surface or skin, abstract shapes which appear to distort and dislocate elements of architecture, such as structure and envelope.
The finished visual appearance of buildings that exhibit deconstructivist styles is characterized by unpredictability and controlled chaos.
The use of the lines trace the movement and path taken by the main character in the particular episode
The image creates a space in which the event is taking place which is usually the second part of each segment in the diagram
The use of snapshots in this project creates the actual event in which this story is being told. It allows for a closer look at the scenes in which something is happening
There is no architecture without action, no architecture without events, no architecture without program...
By extension, there is no architecture without Violence.
— Bernard Tschumi, Artforum, 1981
Bodies Violating Space
Spaces Violating Bodies
Reciprocity and Conflict
9/11: The Falling Man
Architecture is not simply about space and form, but also about event, action, and what happens in space
- Bernard Tschumi
Is today's Technology changing our perception of Reality?
Text may read as sequences, but they do not necessarily imply narrative
Humans are more emotionally effected by visual media.
Text vs. Film
The Kuleshov Effect
Assembly of film
Without changing the original footage it can replace other parts in a way which creates an entirely different effect.
History & Theory:
The Manhattan Transcripts use images in a kind of storyboard fashion in order to show a sequence of events.
Each 'shot' is developed from the previous so the final meaning of each 'shot' depends on its context.
The Pleasure of Architecture
"The ultimate pleasure of architecture lies in the most forbidden parts of the architectural act, where limits are perverted and prohibitions are transgressed"
— Bernard Tschumi
Is there Violence in Modern Architecture?
"Architecture is defined by the actions it witnesses as much as by the enclosure of its walls"
MT1 - The Park
MT2 - The Street
MT3 - The Tower
MT4 - The Block
- excess, irrationality, lack of discipline;
Is Reality the same for everyone?
Baron d'Ormesan (The Guide)
" The limits of my language are the limits of my world".
"Life is a series of stage sets, we are all actors in a grand play. Design participates in this choreography"
Is Photography going to replace Three Dimensional Drawings?
Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz
"The False Amphion or
The Stories and Adventures
of Baron d'Ormesan"
1880 – 1918 - was an Italian-born French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic
- "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality."
Are we limited by the
How do we perceive “reality”?
A Good Film
Does Utopia exists?
"The limits of my language
are the limits of my world ?".
Lepre (a hare) = Lèpre (Leprosy)
1984 - present (29 years !)
Merseyside Civic Society
2000 - present (13 years )
Architectural Theorist, Writer
Guest Lecturer at UCLan
Perception of a Utopian City