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Chelsea's first Prezi
Transcript of Chelsea's first Prezi
It was started by Loris Malaguzzi How to Teach
in A Humanistic Way The focus is not on the teacher and he/she is not seen as the "bearer" of knowledge. The teacher serves as a facilitator.
Humanistic educators are on equal footing with their students
Lessons originate and develop from the interests of the student
Lessons are developed not for the group, but for the individual.
Diversified lessons give each child a chance to succeed and receive positive reinforcement. What the Humanistic Model in
the Classroom looks like Keep the focus on the child.
Humanistic lessons are not rigidly prescribed, but flow according to the needs and inquiries of the student.
The child is able to showcase his/her creativity in this type of open classroom, which increases self-esteem and a willingness to learn.
A humanistic classroom includes everyone
Each child knows how it feels to succeed, and stratification of students is eliminated. Each child learns at an individual pace without labels and stereotypes that can stigmatize. Key Aspects of Humanistic Approach Sources http://web.cortland.edu/andersmd/HUMAN/PRINC.HTML
http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/Learningtheories/humanist/maslow.html http://www.learning-theories.com/humanism.html http://voices.yahoo.com/abraham-maslows-hierarchy-needs-classroom-4820536.html?cat=72
http://www.theglobalintelligencer.com/nov2007/education 1) Students should be able to choose what they want to learn. Humanistic teachers believe that students will be motivated to learn a subject if it is something they need and want to know.
2) The goal of education should be to foster students' desire to learn and teach them how to learn. Students should be self-motivated in their studies and desire to learn on their own.
3) Humanistic educators believe that grades are irrelevant and that only self-evaluation is meaningful. Grading encourages students to work for a grade and not for personal satisfaction. In addition, humanistic educators are opposed to objective tests because they
test a student's ability to memorize and do not provide sufficient educational feedback to
the teacher and student.
4) Humanistic educators believe that both feelings and knowledge are important to the learning process. Humanistic teachers do not separate the cognitive and affective domains.
5) Humanistic educators insist that schools need to provide students with a nonthreatning environment so that they will feel secure to learn. Once students feel secure, learning becomes easier and more meaningful. Abraham Maslow Maria Montessori Influential People Montessori Schools Hierarchy of Needs Open Seminars Open seminars provide a chance for the student's voice to be heard.
Situating desks in a circle, with the teacher joining the circle, gives everyone an equal voice.
There should be rules for the open seminar, such as respect of opinions and giving each person a chance to speak without interruption.
The seminar may focus on a question from a student, a piece of literature, a current event or anything the class is studying. Cooperative Learning Discovery Education In discovery education, the teacher introduces a concept and gives the student freedom to discover his/her own path to learning more about the concept.
This strategy supports the concept of multiple intelligences and intellectual diversity.
Abstract learners may seek books and computers to research the concept.
The interpersonal personality may seek out others to question for information on the topic. Cooperative learning lets children work together to find solutions to problems.
Each child may have a specific role within the group to make use of his/her talents.
The teacher supervises the group of about 3 or 4 students to answer questions and provide support.
This type of learning allows the student to learn how to foster peer relationships. "The Father of Humanistic Psychology"
Experience is the primary phenomenon in the study of human learning and behavior.
Emphasis is placed on choice, creativity, values, and self-realization.
The drive to learn is built-in.
Objectivity is not as important as meaningfulness and subjectivity.
His main concerns were the development of human potential, dignity, and worth.
He proposed that human motivation is based on a hierarchy of needs. A mixture of Freudian and behaviorist principles.
Maslow believed that the needs encountered at the top of his hierarchy were just as real and important as the needs at the bottom of his hierarchy. Hierarchy of Needs Cont'd. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve individual potential.
A way to apply the idea of self-actualization in education is to have students who are very good in a subject help their classmates with their work. Children must have some control over the direction of their learning
Children must be able to learn through experiences of touching, moving, listening, seeing, and hearing
Children have a relationship with other children and with material items in the world that children must be allowed to explore
Children must have endless ways and opportunities to express themselves. Based on the following principles: Central Philosophy The Reggio Emilia approach to teaching young children puts the natural development of children as well as the close relationships that they share with their environment at the center of its philosophy
Parents are a vital component. They are viewed as partners, collaborators and advocates for their children. They are involved in every aspect of the curriculum. Montessori Method Montessori education is practiced in an estimated 30,000 schools worldwide, serving children from birth to eighteen years old Characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological development, as well as technological advancements in society.
Mixed age classrooms, with classrooms for children aged 2 to 6 years old by far the most common
Student choice of activity from within a prescribed range of options
Once the teacher demonstrates how to use the materials, his/ her main task is to observe each child as the environment supports self-motivated constructive activity
Uninterrupted blocks of work time
A Constructivist or "discovery" model, where students learn concepts from working with materials, rather than by direct instruction
Specialized educational materials developed by Montessori and her collaborators Maria Montessori (1870-1952) brought to education her experiences as a medical doctor, scientist, peace activist and spiritual visionary.
She began working with "mentally defective" children and experimented with methods to awaken their latent intelligences.
Based her work on her observations of children and experimentation with the environment, materials, and lessons available to them.
Montessori concluded that young humans go through specific cycles of growth.
She designed her educational environment to meet the child at each stage of development, to stimulate and nurture latent capacities as they are ready to emerge.
Emphasized sensory exploration and manipulatives
She called for not just observation and measurement of students, but for the development of new methods which would transform them. Classroom Layout The environment of the school is seen as the third educator
Most Reggio classrooms include a studio which is filled with materials such as clay, paint, and writing implements
The outdoor area is as important as the inside area as a learning environment
Natural light and plants available
Children’s work is displayed throughout
Lots of mirrors and places to climb up and under (to allow children to see things in a different perspective)
Attention paid to use of light and shadow Recap The five basic principles of humanistic education can be summarized as follows:
1) Students' learning should be self-directed.
2) Schools should produce students who want and know how to learn.
3) The only form of meaningful evaluation is self-evaluation.
4) Feelings, as well as knowledge, are important in the learning process.
5) Students learn best in a nonthreatening environment. The humanstic educational system is designed to achieve affective outcomes or psychological
growth -- learning activities in math,
social studies, English, and other disciplines, are
oriented toward improving self-awareness
and mutual understanding among people. What is Humanism? Montessori emphasized the importance of concentration—allowing children time and space to give focused and sustained attention to their activities. Reggio Emilia Classroom