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9 Periods of Technology

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Victoria

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of 9 Periods of Technology

9 Periods of Technology
Victoria Smalling
F.O.T. 1B

Paleolithic Age
Old stone Age or in Greek (palaois - "old") and (lithos - "stone")
Time period: 500,000 BC - 10,000 BC Lasted 490,000 years
Improved diet and enhanced security enabled early humans to increase the population
Stone axes, bone needles, hearth sites
Mesolithic Age
Middle stone Age or in Greek (mesos - "middle") and (lithos - "stone"
Time period: 10,000 BC - 4,000 BC Lasted 6,000 years
The gradual domestication of animals and agriculture led to settled communities
Leatherwork, fishing tackle, stone circles
Neolithic Age
Bronze Age
Period that included copper and tin to produce bronze
Time period: 2,300 BC - 700 BC Lasted 1,600 years
Use of bronze replaced stone tools and allowed humans to greatly alter their environment
Bronze jewelry, tools/weapons
Renaissance/Enlightenment
Revival of classical influence and the sharing of ideas
"Rinascimento" - to be reborn
Time period: 1,400 AD - 1,7500 AD Lasted 350 years
Enabled scientists to observe/quantify natural phenomena
Telescope, microscope, thermometer
Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 - artist, painting/sculpting, designed weapons, buildings, and machinery
Galileo Galilei was born in 1564 - physicist, astronomer, philosopher - improvements on the telescope and astronomical observations
Iron Age
Period with use of iron/steel
Time period: 700 BC - 450 AD
Military Dominance for cultures that could produce iron weapons
Iron blade plow allowed humans to increase food production
Iron farming equipment/weapons, manuscripts
Greek engineers - crossbow/catapult
Roman - aqueduct, sanitary systems, road system
Middle Ages
Divided into early middle ages, high middle ages, late middle ages
Time Period: 450 AD - 1,400 AD Lasted 950 years
Early middle ages increased pressure from invasion led to depopulation/deurbanization
High middle ages - beginning of feudalism, population increase, and agricultural innovation
Late middle ages - famine, plague/war, Black death killed 1/3 of the population
Harness for horses, cast iron, cannons, clocks, compass
Windmill, mechanical labor, printing press, "engineer" was "ingeniare"
Industrial Age
1st use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization
Time period: 1,750 AD - 1,950 AD Lasted 200 years
Urban centers, municipal services, economic life/expansion, improved standard living
Electricity, automobile, airplane, radio, television, telephone, rocket
James Watt - steam engine, Alessandro Volta - battery, Pieter van Musschenbroek - forerunner of capacitor, Henry Ford - modern assembly line
Information Age
Information sharing, gathering, manipulation, retrieval
Time period: 1950 AD - Now
Information is widely available, increasing numbers of people will be empowered
Integrated circuit, computer, nuclear power, digital camera
New stone Age or in Greek (neos - "new") and (lithos - "stone"
Time period: 4,000BC - 2,300 BC Lasted 1,700 years
Dependable year round food supply enables division of labor and specialization that spurs invention
Spinning/weaving tools, stone plows, sickles
Irrigation system, mathematics, pyramids
New stone Age or in Greek (neos - "new") and (lithos - "stone"
Time period: 4,000BC - 2,300 BC Lasted 1,700 years
Dependable year round food supply enables division of labor and specialization that spurs invention
Spinning/weaving tools, stone plows, sickles
Irrigation system, mathematics, pyramids
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