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Angela Mao

on 12 February 2015

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Transcript of Candy!!!!!

Yup. My topic is candy.....and with 5 exclamation
marks. Now you might be thinking that I'm crazy. I mean,
what kind of absurd topic is candy? Don't worry, I won't
bore you to death. Even though it may seem like I can't
really talk much about candy, except for what types of
candy there are, I'm going to present to you even more. I
will introduce where candy came from, what candy
contains, benefits of candy and last but not the least
deadliest, health issues of candy.

Different types of candy may have different recipes but
one step in common would be to dissolve the sugar in water.
This forms a sugar syrup and then you cool it down. However,
how fast you cool it down will affect the final product (Husband,
2014). Also, the temperature levels that you boil the mixtures at will
affect the final texture and what form of candy it is. The higher
the temperature, the harder the candy will be and the lower the
temperature, the softer the candy will be (Wanjiru, 2015). The type of
candy also depends on the concentration that the sugar syrup is
cooked to ("Problems and Solutions", 2011). To make the candy, there
are certain, mandatory ingredients. You will need a sweetener, which
is usually sugar (Britannica, 2005).You will also need water, dairy,
fats and butter, acids, flavoring, food coloring and gelatin. Each
ingredient plays a role. ("Basic Candy Ingredients", 2011).
Interesting Facts
In around 1880, John Colgan added sugar flavoring
to chicle which is now modern gum (Britannica, 2005)
About $2 billion is spent on candy for Halloween (Martinez, 2014)
Tootsie Rolls are made from the leftovers of the previous day's batch
Twix- 24 g of sugar, 12 g of fat, 250 calories
Smarties- 37 g of sugar
Skittles- 43 g of sugar
Oh! Henry- 320 calories, 29 g of sugar, 17 g of fat (Sedano, 2014)
Chewing gum does not take 7 years to digest; rumor (Matson, 2007)
Candy has been around for at least 4 000 years now and has at least 2 000 varieties. However, where did it originate from? The word 'candy' was very likely to have originated from the Greeks. The Greeks ate a reed garnished in honey and spices, called '
' (Kendall, 2004). It was also likely to have originated from the Arabic word '
' (Olver, 1999). The first candy confections were fruits and nuts rolled in honey. Many food historians believe that the first sweets were a sort of medical treatment for digestive troubles. The Chinese, Indian, people of the Middle East, Greeks, Romans and Egyptians would coat fruits, flowers and seeds or stems of plants to preserve them as well (Bellis, 2015).
Hello There!
(Foster, 2008)
This is a picture of sour candy strips.
Candies are not the only sweets.
There are many varieties of sweets, such as these.
(CraftyBaking, 2011)
(CraftyBaking, 2015)
Health Issues
There are some benefits towards candy. For example,
research has shown that peppermint candy stimulates your
brain. Peppermint improves your memory and increases your
alertness while also relaxing your brain. Dr. Byran Raudenbush
from Wheeling Jesuit University also found that drivers who were
exposed to peppermint scent were less frustrated, anxious and tired.
Peppermint scent increases your blood pressure and oxygen saturation.
Since the blood pressure and oxygen saturation are increased and blood
delivers oxygen to the brain, more oxygen is delivered. Also, your brain
uses sugar as it is the primary source of fuel for your brain. (Mortensen,
2014) There are also benefits of sugar-free candy. Chewing sugar-free
gum increases the production of saliva which helps neutralize plaque
acid, wash away food debris, and remineralize teeth enamel to help
strengthen your teeth. It has also been proven that chewing
sugar-free gum for 20 minutes after your meals and snacks
helps protect your teeth. ("Improve Oral Health", 2012)
Candy contains sugar, which your body absorbs rapidly into your bloodstream.
This can cause high blood sugar and it can damage the cells in your blood vessels.
Eating too much sugar can increase the risk of depression as well (Traister, 2014). Regularly
eating too much candy can also cause blood, nerve and organ damage, as well as diabetes. If
you are intolerant to fructose, which is used to sweeten most candies, it may cause gas, bloating,
diarrhea and abdominal pain (Ray,2011). Candy contains ingredients that may cause gas, such as sugar
which is a carbohydrate. This is a natural part of the digestive process. Candy also contributes to stomachaches because if the gas builds up, it can result in stomach or abdomen pain. Stomachaches can also be caused by overeating as well as sugar-free candy. They contain sorbitol, a sweetener that is found naturally in some fruits and can also build up gas (Thorne, 2011). So remember, don't eat candy regularly! Candy also has a lot of saturated fat and has a major role in high cholesterol which is a factor in high blood pressure, strokes and heart diseases. The calories in the candy may cause high blood pressure, heart diseases, diabetes and types of cancer as well. The sugar may also cause cavities, and poor nutrition (Kulas, 2013). Sugar increases fat storage and sends signals to your brain that you are still hungry and this leads to overeating (Paula, 2014). Also the calories in candy don't contain a significant amount of vitamins, minerals, or fiber (McCoy, 2014). Sugar also produces harmful acid when it comes in contact with the plaque on your teeth and encourages tooth decay. Also, research published in June 2008 in the "Nutritional Reviews" found that consumption of a diet that was rich in sugar reduces your bone strength
and you will most likely suffer bone fractures (Willett, 2014). This is called osteoporosis, a condition
when your bones slowly thin and weaken (Pagano, Trina, 2014). A few doctors have also found that
sugar affects your memory, mood and energy. Dr. Fernado Gomez-Pinilla, who is a neurosurgery
reported that rats who consumed a high-fructose corn syrup diet experienced memory
impairment and intellectual issues (Karratti, 2013). Sugar-free candy is also very unhealthy
as it contains unhealthy chemicals that can cause digestive problems if eaten too much
(Sabo,2014). Also, poor diets will lower the effectiveness of your immune system as
well (Martinez, 2014).
Works Cited

"Basic Candy Ingredients."
. 2015 Sarah Phillips, Inc., 20 Jan. 2011. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

Bellis, Mary. "History Of Candy & Desserts."
. 2015 About.com, 2015. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

Britannica, Encyclopedia. "Candy."
. Ed. Anthony L. Green. Vol. 4. 2005. Print.

Britannica, Encyclopedia. "Chewing Gum."
. Ed. Anthony L. Green. Vol. 4. 2005. Print.

Husband, Tom. "The Sweet Science of Candymaking."
. 2015 American Chemical Society, Oct. 2014. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

"Improve Oral Health."
. 2012 Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company, 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Karratti, Dakota. "How Does Eating Too Much Sugar Affect Your Brain?"
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 19 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Kendall, Nancy M. " Where does 'candy' come from?"
The Christian Science Monitor
. The Christian Science Monitor, 28 Oct. 2004. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

Kulas, Michelle. "Why Is Candy Bad For Your Health?"
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

Martinez, Eliza. "The Effects of Candy on the Body."
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 23 Feb. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Matson, John. "Fact or Fiction?: Chewing Gum Takes Seven Years to Digest."
Scientific American
. 2015 Scientific American, a Division of Nature America, Inc., 11 Oct. 2007. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

McCoy, William. "Sugar in Candy Bars."
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 22 Apr. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Mortensen, Kristin. "Does Peppermint Candy Stimulate the Brain?"
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 13 Sept. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Olver, Lynne.
The Food Timeline
. Lynne Olver 1999, 1999. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Pagano, Trina. "Understanding Osteoporosis -- the Basics."
. 2005-2015 WebMD, LLC., 24 Mar, 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Paula, Elle. "What Effects Does Eating Too Much Sugar Have on the Body?"
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 25 Apr. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

"Problems and Solutions."
. 2015 Sarah Phillips, Inc., 22 Nov. 2011. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Ray, Linda. "Candy & Digestion."
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 8 June. 2011. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Sabo, Melissa. "The Best Candies for Weight Loss."
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 10 Feb. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Sedano, Susy. "The 21 Most Dangerous Candies."
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 21 Sept. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Thorne, Roger. "Does Candy Cause Stomach Aches?"
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 18 Aug. 2011. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Wanjiru, Muna Wa. "This Is What You Need For Making Candy Apples."
. 2015 Streetdirectory & Foodeditorials, 2015. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

Willett, Brian. "The Effects of Eating Sweets."
. LIVESTRONG Foundation, 13 Mar. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.
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