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Government

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Jacob Thomas

on 15 April 2016

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Transcript of Government

Government
by
Jacob Thomas

Government
A system countries use to maintain peace and order.
Foundations of Government
Limited Government
Unit 2
The Three Branches of Government
Unit 3
Theories of Formation of States
Characteristics of a State
Population
Territory
Sovereignty
Government

Unitary Government-
The government is controlled by a strong central power.
Federal Government-
Central and state powers are shared equally.
Confederal Government-
The states have all the power and leave the central power with very little power.
The Force Theory
The Evolutionary Theory
The Divine Right Theory
The Social Contract Theory
Unit One
Presidential Government
The president is part of the executive branch. The president is elected through the electoral college.
Parliamentary Government
The Parliamentary system has a Prime Minister as the leader of the legislative branch. The Prime Minister is elected by the majority party in the legislature.
Natural Rights
Natural rights are the rights to life, liberty, and the right to property (or ownership).
Constitutional Compromise
3/5ths compromise
-
a compromise that counted every nonwhite person as 3/5 ths of a person.
Connecticut Compromise
-
a compromise that made the legislative branch a bicameral system. The Senate has two reps. for every state. The House has 435 reps.; the number of reps. per state depends on its population.
Tools for Limited Government
Popular Sovereignty
-
power to the people.
Separation of Powers
-
power of the government is divided into three branches.
Rule of Law
-
no one is above the law.
Tools of Limited Government Continued
Judicial Review
-
The Judicial branch may declare a law unconstitutional.
Federalism
-
Power is divided equally between the central and state powers.
Tools Continued
The Bill of Rights
- The first ten amendments to the constitution that give people undeniable rights.
The 2nd Amendment
The right to bare arms.
This is important in protecting the people from intruders and even the government.
The First Amendment
The freedom of speech and expression.
This is important so that people can express themselves and talk about whatever they want without fear of prosecution.
The 10th Amendment
Powers not already given to the federal government are given to the states.
This is important so the federal government can't control the people as effectively.
Types of Powers in Govt.
Enumerated
-
Powers that only the federal govt has.
Reserved
-
Powers that only the states have.
Shared
-
Powers that the federal and state govt have.
The Constitution
T
he paper that our govt is based around.
The Necessary and Proper Clause
The N and PC allows congress to be able to have flexible powers in able to create laws for the country.
The New Jersey Plan
The New Jersey Plan would give all the states equal representation in the legislative branch.
The Virginia Plan
The Virginia Plan would give states representatives in the legislative branch based on the states population.
The 10th Amendment
The 10th amendment entitles all powers not already invested in the federal government to go directly to the states.
Article 6
Article 6 states that that the constitution is the law of the land and that no one is above it.
Article 4
Article 4 lets the federal government control trade between the states, between the US and foreign countries and trade with the Native American Tribes.
The Legislative Branch
The Judicial Branch
Bicameral
The Senate
100 total members, 2 for every state.
6 year terms, 1/3 are up for election every 2 years.
Must be at least 30 years old, have lived for 9 years in the US and have residency in the state they represent.
May act as the court in case of impeachment and advice appointments.


The House of Representatives
Must be at least 25 years old, have lived in the US for 7 years, and must be a resident of the state that they want to represent.
435 total representatives, number per state depends on the population of the state.
2 year terms
May propose tax bills and impeach the president.
The Executive Branch
Requirements
Must be a US natural born citizen.
Must be at least 35 years old.
Must have lived in the US for at least 14 years.
Roles
Commander-in-Chief: The President is in charge of the armed forces.
Chief of Party: The President is the head of his/her party.
Chief of State: The President represents the federal government to the people.
Chief Executive: The President must enforce the laws across the US.
The Cabinet
The Electoral College
The Electoral College is a institution that elects the President and the Vice President.
Voters elect electors to vote for the President and Vice President.
538 total votes, 270 are needed to win the presidency and vice presidency.
Every states number of votes depends on the population (number of reps. in the house).
Requirements
Must be nominated by the President and elected by the Senate.
Must know law.
Other Info.
There are currently nine justices.
They serve for life.
Current Events
http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/30/politics/singapore-south-china-sea-ash-carter/index.html
The United States wants China and other countries to stop claiming land in the South Pacific Ocean. The US. Chief of Defense Ash Carter said this.
Executive Branch
Legislative Branch
http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/30/politics/what-happens-if-the-patriot-act-provisions-expire/index.html
The Senate allowed the provisions of the Patriot Act to died weakening the Governments powers against terrorists,
The Electoral College
Continued
The DC votes are equivalent to the number of votes that the lowest state has.
Winner takes all votes in every state except Maine and Nebraska.
If no one gets to 270 votes, then the House of Representatives votes.
Force Theory
A group of people took control of an area and forced everyone to obey.
The Evolutionary Theory
Government formed over time naturally. Formed out of families.
The Divine Right Theory
God created states and governments and gave people of royal birth the divine right to rule.
The Social Contract Theory
People over came their natural state and agreed to work together to create a state.
Full transcript