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King Louis XIV: Absolutism

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Amanda Watters

on 30 January 2011

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Transcript of King Louis XIV: Absolutism

Absolutism "legibus solutus" "unfettered legislator" a political theory,
all power should
be held by one
ruler/authority/power "unfetterd legislator" "Social contract theory" idea that ruler
and subjects
"negotitate" the
power to the king this is irreversible Examples: France
Russia
Spain
China
Japan rulers power is absolute without legal constraint 15th-18th centuries laws become
expressions
of king's will King Louis XIV kings used this as the "divine right" to rule...similar to dictatorship/ communism in Cuba 74 year regin 54 years he controlled with absolute power greatest example of absolutism ruler autocratic ruler Sun King center of European life longest rule in Eurpoes' history Father- Louis the 13th
Mother- Anne of Austria
Married- Marie Therese (spain)
Cardinals- Mazarin & Richelieu Relatives inheirted throne at age of 4 had gov. centralized Policies Military built navy took over army - well paided
-identical uniforms
-loyal only to him
-instituated lieutenant colonels Religion Persecuted Protestants "divine right" "one faith"
rule Jean Bapatiste Colbert minister of finances -took control of economy
-Mercantilism
-more exports than imports
-more commercial activity
France was spending $$$ more than it made
(relate to modern America) "L'etat, c'est moi!" I AM THE STATE Legal nobility/family removed from legal side of monarchy -loyal counsels installed (indebted) -controlled gov. without legal constraint -keep nobility in his palace and busy/distracted Results Positive -Palace @ Versailles displayed glory & greatness
-made French culture appealing
-brought elegance & grandor to royality & culture
-made France a superpower
-expanded territory
-brought France to a peak of greatness
-united France Negative -persucution led to loss of merchants, bussinesses, & craftsmen
-spiritual "backbone" crumbled
-abandoned efforts to create individuality, educate, & crushed independence
-overspent
-justice was corrupted Evil Committed -self-centered, concieted, didnt care for subjects
-believed he was he was the greatest
-overspent
-committed acts of evil within the palace
-abused his power Therese Russia Under Mongolian rule for 100+ yrs independence 1480
-acheieved
thru dukes of Moscow Czar Russian for Ceaser russian Princes took on this name Ivan the "Terrible" -Moody, iraitable, unpredicatable tyrant
-trust issues
-had nobles killed
-had his son killed
-anger issues too "Times of Troubles" Romanov Dynasty 1613 Micheal Romanov-grand nephew of Ivan Romanov dynasty ruled 300+ years 2 great absolutist rulers:
Peter the Great
&
Catherine II
Peter the Great Catherine II Romanov Family assumed power after
death of bro Ivan 1682-1725 Westernized Russia in the 18th century Tour of Europe Holland, England, France it was cut short by a revolution he brought back 700 english craftsmen came back wanting to "westernize" "Mother Russia" Westernizition of Russia -seized control of the church turning it Orthodox
-built up a Russian navy/army
-army served for life (5% of pop drafted)
-brought in math, enginerring, navagation, capentry, an the "western look"
-special interest in boats/seaports
-centralized gov and strengthened the economy Expansion -took on the Ottoman Empire to win the Baltic Sea
-opened warm water seaports
-started the Great northern War
-won the war and drove out the Swedes
-took part of the ukraine over German born 1729-1796 ambitous Married Emperor Peter III had Peter murdered in 1762 autocratic ruler with the longest rule in Russian history brought social reforms sought to gain nobilitys trust and better the monarchy thru pleasing the nobles allowed subjects to be taxed heavily exempted nobility from this tax completed peter's westernization of Russia Religion -took control of the Orthodox church
.gave Orthox land to the government
-church was weakened
-religion was centralized around monarchy Expansion -secured seaports in Turkey and Poland
-Attacked South ukraine
-expanded territory by 250,000 km2
-glorified St. Petersburg Greatest absolutism ruler Russia has seen Results Positive Negative -Russia= superpower of Eastern World
-Russia modernized
-St.Petersburg
.Palace competed with Louis'
-Russia's army and navy
-economy strengthened
-education & "enlightenment" propered
-social reforms took place
-Russian empire grew to 5x its size -Russians repressed heavily
-heavy taxes
-Orthodox was weakened
-lots of war
-army had mandatory life long drafts
-"social reform" brought personal gain to monarchy
-centralized/autocratic gov
-centralized religion Peter's repaired English boat The Staue in St. Petersburg of Peter Catherine siberia st.petersburg palace st.catherines cathedral Jean Baptiste Versialles Aerial view Palace of Versialles King Louis Statue Proverbs 8:16 Rulers lead with my help, and nobles make righteous judgments 21:1 The king's heart is like a stream of water directed by the LORD; he guides it wherever he pleases 28:2 When there is moral rot within a nation, its government topples easily. But wise and knowledgeable leaders bring stability. 8:15 Because of me, kings reign, and rulers make just decrees 19:10 It isn't right for a fool to live in luxury or for a slave to rule over princes!
31:4 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, to guzzle wine. Rulers should not crave alcoho 16:12 A king detests wrongdoing, for his rule is built on justice 16:13The king is pleased with words from righteous lips; he loves those who speak honestly 25:2 It is God's privilege to conceal things and the king's privilege to discover them 25:5 Remove the wicked from the king's court, and his reign will be made secure by justice.
25:3 No one can comprehend the height of heaven, the depth of the earth, or all that goes on in the king's mind!
31:3 do not waste your strength on women, on those who ruin kings 11:3 The integrity of the upright guides them, but the unfaithful are destroyed by their duplicity 11:5 The godly are directed by honesty; the wicked fall beneath their load of sin 17:26 It is wrong to punish the godly for being good or to flog leaders for being honest 11:6 The godliness of good people rescues them; the ambition of treacherous people traps them 11:30 The seeds of good deeds become a tree of life; a wise person wins friends.
14:2 Those who follow the right path fear the LORD; those who take the wrong path despise him 14:34 Those who follow the right path fear the LORD; those who take the wrong path despise him 16:8 Better to have little, with godliness, than to be rich and dishonest 16:31 Gray hair is a crown of glory; it is gained by living a godly life.
20:28 Unfailing love and faithfulness protect the king; his throne is made secure through love 20:7 The godly walk with integrity; blessed are their children who follow them Works Cited www.louis-xiv.de/
www.answers.com/topic/absolutism
www.new world encyclopedia.org/entry/absolutism
www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/AO859354.html
www.spanishsuccesion.nl/louis.html
www.worldciv1.homestead.com/ABSOLUTISM.html
www.history2.professorpage.info/absolutism.htm
www.saint-petersburg.com/history/catherine2nd.asp
www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Catherine_11_of_Russia
www.bible.cc/proverbs/21-1.htm
our book
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