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Verbs: Action, Linking, and Helping

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on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Verbs: Action, Linking, and Helping

Primary Helping Verbs
1.
To be
: helps show a state of being or a state of existing

Joe
is playing
soccer.

Andrew
was eating
a banana.
Verbs
In general: a word that expresses the action in a sentence.

Three types: action,
linking, and
helping
Action Verbs
Express an action-- something a person, animal, force of nature, or thing can
do
.
Quick Quiz
Read the following sentences. Which ones contain
action verbs
?
If "is" isn't an action verb, then what is it?
A linking verb!
Verbs: Action, Linking, and Helping
How can I tell
if the verb is an
action verb??
If you are unsure, look at every word in the sentence and ask yourself, "Can a person or thing do this?

For instance...
A Test...
During biology class,
Sean napped at his desk.
Linking verbs
Linking verbs do not express action.

Instead, they connect the subject of the verb (or, the noun that's being linked) to additional information about the subject.
But how can I tell if it's a linking verb?
Which of the words above is the verb?
Is it an action verb?
Rob watched the Bruins game intently.
The alarm clock buzzed like
an angry bumblebee.
That puppy is adorable!
1. Look at the verb.

Some verbs are true linking verbs:
be [am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being]
become
seem

These three verbs are
always
linking verbs.
My cats are content to nap on the couch.

Can a person or thing
are
?
Other verbs can be linking verbs, too.
The following verbs can be
linking
or
action
verbs:

appear, feel,
grow, look,
prove, remain,
smell, sound, and
taste, turn
How do you tell when they are action verbs and when they are linking verbs?
If you can substitute am, is, or are
and the sentence still sounds logical,
you have a linking verb on your hands.
Sylvia tasted the spicy squid eyeball stew.
The spicy squid eyeball stew tasted good.
This works for all the linking/
action verbs except
appear
.
For appear, you must analyze the function of the verb.
Swooping out of the clear blue sky, the blue jay appeared on the branch.
Appear
is something a blue jay can
do
—especially when food is near. (Action)
The blue jay appeared happy to see the bird feeder.
Here,
appeared
is connecting the subject, the blue jay, to its state of mind, happiness.
Helping Verbs
Help out the
main verb
in the sentence so that its tense (time) is clear.
I
cook
dinner when I get home from school.

I
am cooking
dinner when I get home from school.

I
can cook
dinner when I get home from school.
Primary Helping Verbs
2.
To have
: shows action that is already completed

Green ELA has made a
Harlem Shake video.

I have lived in Boston for five years.
Primary Helping Verbs
3.
To do
:

To make negatives:
I
do not care
for broccoli.

To ask questions:
Do you like
broccoli?

To show emphasis:
I
do want
you to eat your broccoli.

To stand for a main verb:
Sam
likes
broccoli more than Carmen
does
.


Modal Helping Verbs
1. Can, could.
I
can’t

reach
the top shelf.
You
could

try
using a stepladder.

2. May, might.
The bus
may

arrive
on time this morning.
It
might

be
full of rowdy passengers, though.

3. Will, would.
Will
Katy
ride
with James to soccer practice?
Would
she
prefer
to ride with Emily instead?

4. Shall, should.
Shall
I
set
the table now?
You
should

wait
a little longer.

5. Must.
You really
must
see a doctor about that nasty cut.
A few points to remember about helping verbs.

Not every sentence has or needs a helping verb.

When you see a verb ending in “-ing”, a helping verb usually accompanies it.

Sometimes other words separate the helping verb and main verb in the sentence (like "not").
"Story Of My Life"

Written in these walls are the stories that I can't explain
I leave my heart open but it stays right here empty for days
She told me in the morning she don't feel the same about us in her bones
Seems to me that when I die these words will be written on my stone

And I'll be gone, gone tonight
The ground beneath my feet is open wide
The way that I've been holding on too tight
With nothing in between

The story of my life
I take her home
I drive all night to keep her warm
And time... is frozen (the story of, the story of)
The story of my life
I give her hope
I spend her love
Until she's broke
Inside
The story of my life (the story of, the story of)

Written on these walls are the colors that I can't change
Leave my heart open but it stays right here in its cage
I know that in the morning now I see us in the light upon a hill
Although I am broken, my heart is untamed, still

And I'll be gone, gone tonight
The fire beneath my feet is burning bright
The way that I've been holding on so tight
With nothing in between

The story of my life
I take her home
I drive all night to keep her warm
And time... is frozen (the story of, the story of)
The story of my life
I give her hope
I spend her love
Until she's broke
Inside
The story of my life (the story of, the story of)

And I'll be waiting for this time to come around
But baby running after you is like chasing the clouds

The story of my life
I take her home
I drive all night to keep her warm
And time is frozen
The story of my life
I give her hope (give her hope)
I spend her love
Until she's broke (until she's broke inside)
Inside
The story of my life (the story of, the story of)

The story of my life
The story of my life (the story of, the story of)
The story of my life
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