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Hernan Cortes

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William Rinne

on 4 May 2013

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Transcript of Hernan Cortes

Spain Meddelin Hernan Cortes was born in Medellin, 1485, in modern day Extremadura, Spain to Martin and Maria Cortes. Salamanca Salamanca University At the age of 14, Cortes was sent by his parents to study at Salmanca University in west-central Spain. It was regarded as "Spain's great center of learning". While Cortes attended this University, he studied law as well as Latin. Hernan Cortes 1485 - 1547 Hernan Cortes heard the stories about the New World and therefore joined the expedition to the West Indies led by Alonso Quintero. West Indies Cuba East Cuba After Cuba was conquered, Velazquez was appointed governor. Velazquez was so impressed with Cortes that he appointed him as his secretary. With these connections, he gained enough power to control his own fleet. After attending the University of Salmanca for two years, Cortes returned home to Medellin. His parents were very irritated because they had hoped to see him with a profitable legal career. At this time, news of of the exciting discoveries of Christopher Columbus in the New World were streaming back to Spain. Santa Domingo When Cortes arrived in Santa Domingo, the capital of Hispaniola, he registered as a citizen, which entitled him to a building plot as well as land to farm. Afterwards, Nicolas de Ovando gave him an encomienda and made him a notary in a town known as Azua de Compostela. Hispaniola Cortes accompanied Diego Velazquez, an aide to the Governor of Hispaniola, in his expedition to conquer Cuba. They were sucessful in conquering it. Diego Velazquez In 1518, Velazquez put Cortes in command of an expedition to explore and secure Mexico's interior for colonization. However, due to a conflict between them, Velazquez revoked the charter at the last minute. Cortes sailed to Mexico against his orders. A Spanish Fleet Yucatan Peninsula Hernan Cortes began to travel along the coast of Mexico, and he stopped in various towns such as Trinidad to hire more troops and to get more horses. He then proceeded to towns such as Tabasco, where he was met with resistance and won battles against the natives that opposed him. Tabasco Malinche He also received twenty young women from the conquered natives. Among them was Malinche. Malinche knew the Mayan and Aztec languages, and soon learned Spanish. This allowed Cortes to learn about the wealthy Aztec Empire through Malinche. In addition to this, Malinche would later become his wife. After entering the Aztec Empire, Cortes learned that many of the Aztec's conquered people hated their overlords. Cortes arranged alliances with these dissatisfied groups, as they would soon help him to reach the capital, Tenochtitlan, and gain control of the riches there. Darwin Tenochtitlan Cortes moved his troops inland. When Cortes reached Tenochtitlan, he was dazzled by the city's magnificence. The messengers brought news of the newcomers to the Aztec emperor, Moctezuma. He wondered if Cortes might be Quetzalcoatl, the king of the Gods who had promised to return from the east. The arrival of Cortes perfectly coincided with the anticipated return of Quetzalcoatl. Moctezuma Andrew Burke Moctezuma welcomed Cortes to his capital. However, the Spaniards' and the Aztecs' relationship soon became strained. The Aztecs drove the Spaniards from the city. The Spanish refused, and fought back with vigor. Moctezuma and many other Aztecs were defeated in this encounter. Soon after this, Cortes left the city to plan a greater assault. He returned to demolish the city in 1521. Reasons For Success The Spanish were successful in demolishing Tenochtitlan, even though they were outnumbered.Some factors that led to their success would be their superior weapons, disease that they brought with them from Spain, division among the Aztecs, and the fact that the Aztecs thought the disasters they suffered marked the World's End. After his great success, Cortes settled in Cuernavaca, Mexico and had many children with his wife, Malinche. Cortes died on December 2, 1547, a wealthy but bitter man.
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