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Ancient Greek Architecture

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Fernanda F

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Architecture

Greek Architecture By: Fernanda Fiszner and Rafaela Sabó Columns Doric Ionic Corinthian Heavy First made out of wood
Most simple Then made out of stone
600 BC Found in the Mainland of Greece and colonies of Sicily and Italy Nowadays used for support and designs First simple and circular Fancier than Doric Started out similar to Doric then changed
Used inside, then moved outside too
420-450 BC Temple of Zeus in Athens
Temple of Apollo in Bassae Wasn't used as much Other columns and then individually
Temples The Parthenon Athena Nike THe Propylaia the Erechtheion Temple of Apollo Temple of Hephaestus Started in 447 BC and finished in 432 BC Architects were Iktinos and Kallikrates and sculptor was Pheidias Doric and Ionic columns Optical illusions Pentelic marble and limestone Began building in 437 BC but it stopped after five years during the war Doric and Ionic order Marble was used in many different ways Bronze statues Began in 420 BC Ended in 406 BC Ionic order White and gray marble Statues of many different gods such as: Poseidon, Athena, and of the Caryatids First: 7th century BC
Later: 6th century BC after it was put down by a fire
Final: 330 BC after and earthquake in 337 BC Doric order Porous stone and limestone Statues of Apollo made by Praxias and Androsthenes Around the same time as the Parthenon was built, 449 Bc Circular except for top and bottom
Top, or captain, was plain and wide Shaft, middle part, had 20 sides Frieze, above column, was simple Thinner and more slender than Doric detailed base Captain was simple and circular Then, they added spirals, scroll shapes, and circular designs Shaft has lines or flutes, about 40-48 Taller than doric Frieze was plain Lightest and most complex Made in the middle of 4th century BC or Captain was decorated with acanthus leaves and sometimes rosettes Sometimes had volutes in the corners It could also have inverted bells or scrolls Base similar to Ionic Shaft had many flutes Architects were Spintharos,
Xenodoros, and Agathon Statues of Hephaestus and of Athena
Made of Parian marble in 421-415 BC Ionic order Made to worship Athena Nike First temple was destroyed in 480 BC
Rebuilt in 435 BC Many statues of Athena Nike Very special statue of Nike was in this temple Kallikrates was the architect Only Ionic columns were used Before After Before After Before After Different views of the present day temple Greek Architecture in General Terracotta Limestone Brick/mudbrick Bronze Common Materials Used One of the first materials was mud brick Also known as: unbaked brick It was made of clay, and the mixed with straw or grass Later, came wood or stone The wood was used for supports or roof beams In the Archaic Period they started to use marble, limestone, and terracotta Terracotta is a baked tile When the plaster was invented, they started using it for sinks and bathtubs The mud brick was for walls Limestone and marble were used for columns, walls, upper parts of temples, and public buildings Terracotta was used for roofs and ornaments The metal they used was bronze, used for small details Roofs Laconian Corinthian Large, concave pan tile that was curved Flat pan tile Mostly found in Sparta Mostly found in Delphi and Olympia Buildings Five types: Religious Civic Domestic Funerary Recreational First: Later: Nymphaeum Monumental tomb Columns hall Choragic monument Clock tower Lighthouse Before After Before After The End! Thank you Fernanda Fiszner & Rafaela Sabó square
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