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Division of Fardh

Personal and Collective

Farah Zee

on 13 July 2013

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Transcript of Division of Fardh

Personal and Collective
Divisions of Fardh
There are FIVE ahkam in Islam:
Wajib, obligatory.
Mustahab / Sunnah, recommended.
Mubah, neither obligatory nor recommended (neutral).
Makruh, abominable (abstaining is recommended).
Haraam, sinful (abstaining is obligatory).
What is Fardh?
Fardh comes from the Arabic word . فَرْضٌ
It means a religious duty commanded by Allah.
In accord with Jumhur ‘Ulama (majority of scholars), Fardh is a commandment from Allah Ta’ala, given to us as an order to be fulfilled and done.
Thus, who abandons the commandments is committing a major sin, unless he is permitted by Syara’.
According to Jumhur ‘Ulama , Fardh is similar as Wajib, except in the case of Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia).
In Hajj, if the pilgrim abandons one of the Wajib practices, he will be imposed with specific fines.
If he abandons any Fardhu of the Hajj, his entire Hajj is invalid, without being imposed with fines
The Hanafi Fiqh however makes a distinction between Wajib and Fardh, they believe that Wajib is obligatory and Fardh is merely necessary.
They believe that Fardh is that Command of Allah which is based on Dalil Qat’i or decisive evidence.
He who gives it up without an excuse is an evil-doer and deserves punishment and he who denies it is a disbeliever.
e.g. Reading Al-Quran in prayers, this is verified with the verse from surah Al-Muzammil :فاقرءوا
الق"So recite as much of the Qur'an as may be easy (for you)"
Wajib or obligatory: Wajib is the Command of Allah, which demands commission of an act, which is based on Dalil Zanni or presumptive evidence.
The person who gives it up without an excuse is an evildoer and deserves the punishment provided he does so without any doubt and the person who denies it, is also an evildoer and not a disbeliever.
E.g. Reciting Al-Fatihah in prayers, which is verified with a Hadith from Prophet Muhammad p.b.u.h:
لا صلاة لمن لم يقرأ بفاتحة "الكتاThere is no prayer for the one who does not recite the ‘Opening of the Book’ (Surah Al-Faatihah)."
So if he left out the recital of surah Al-Fatihah in his prayer, he committed a sin, but that did not invalidate his prayer.
The divisions
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
copy paste branches if you need more....
classified into
Personal Fardh
Fulfilment of which is for every Muslim.
The divine address is directed to each and everyone individually.
should not be abandoned or implemented by others.
The Muslim who gives it up without an excuse, deserves punishment and is an evildoer.
What does Personal Fardh consist of?
Seeking knowledge. Having knowledge of Personal Fardh is a personal fardh.
The five pillars of Islam:
Reciting the two Syahadah and believing it.
Performing five daily prayers.
Almsgiving (zakat).
Fasting in Ramadhan.
Going for Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca.
The six pillars of Iman (faith) is also a Personal Fardh.
One must believe in
The Angels
The revealed books
The commissioned Messengers (peace be upon them)
The resurrection and the events of Qiyamah.
The predestination by Allah of all things, both the (seemingly) good and the (seemingly) bad.
Collective Fardh
Fulfilment of which is not for every Muslim.
Rather it will be deemed performed by all the Muslims if some of them fulfil it.
And if nobody fulfils it, all the Muslims will be sinners.
Collective Fardh mainly deals with the need of a society.
What are
the examples
Collective Fardh?
Seeking knowledge is also a Collective Fardh.
Becoming a professional in certain areas of knowledge.
Building a mosque.
Building and operating a hospital.
Building a restaurant.
Performing congregational prayers in the mosque.
Performing particular services for deceased.
Seeking knowledge
Two principles of Syahadah :
(The Oneness of Allah)
(The unification of way to Him)
The true meaning of Syahadah :
العلم Knowledge
الإعتراف Acknowledge
الإقرار Promise
الإعتقادFaith / Belief
all of you
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