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Transcript of Popular Music
Rock and Roll
1950-63 ~ 1965-70
The 1960's was a time of complete social revolution. Music in this time is a very good example of how much the world was changing. Rock music was becoming heavily popular in this so-called Psychedelic era. Drugs heavily influenced many popular bands in this time such as the The Beatles.
The 1950's was a period of time that the American dream was sought after by everyone in the United States. People were very conservative in their ideals and lifestyle. As the 60's came around popular culture was beginning to change.
Image of Popular Artists from 1950-65
Rock and roll teen idol Pat Boone had a clean cut all-american image
Many popular figures in music wore nice clothes and suits
The Beach Boys
Development of music from 1950-65
In the early 1950's classic pop was at the top of the charts. Artists such as Frank Sinatra and Tony Bennett shifted the focus of the song from big band instrumentation to emotionally powered vocal delivery. Little Richard began recording in 1951 to pave the way for rock and roll
"You Make Me Feel So Young"
The late 1960's and early 70's is known as the Golden age of rock, Black Sabbath (started in 1968), an English rock band group was considered to be the pioneers of heavy metal music. After they gained popularity the term “heavy metal” became used to describe the loud and boisterous form of rock.
Psychedelic was also another way to describe the popular rock music in the 60's and 70's. Many artist were influenced by hallucinogenic drugs, artist such as The Beatles and Grateful Dead.
Chuck Berry and The Beatles
The music had changed significantly in those two time periods along with life in general. Singing about sex and drug use was not so taboo in the 70's compared to the 50's. There was also a much louder and rowdy feel to the music in the 70's that matches the lifestyle that people lived in that time. In the early 50's it was all smooth jazzy sounds like Frank Sinatra as opposed to the loud almost angry sounds of Black Sabbath
Frank Sinatra vs Black Sabbath
Disco Music was becoming increasingly popular in the 1970's. The Bee Gees are an example of a well known disco group with songs that are still very popular today like "Stayin' Alive".
Rock and Roll (1955-1959)
In the later half of the 1950's, rock and roll dominated popular music. Artists such as Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley released early hits to get the genre moving. Elvis Presley and Buddy Holly had major rock and roll hits. By the end of the decade, Teen Idols had taken over the charts due to the lack of remaining rock and roll artists.
Rock n' roll in the 60's and 70's was heavily influenced by the jazz and blues that was popular in the 50's. Chuck Berry would play his electric guitar at a similar beat to country music with a faster tempo then on top of that add an R&B twang. The different combination of music genres was coming together to create its own new sound. This music was typically only popular in the African American community until Elvis Presley became famous.
The Beatles and Folk Music (1960-1965)
In the early 1960s british rock groups were forming a fan base in the UK. They took many influences from american rock and roll music, R&B, and surf music. In 1964 british rock broke through to the US with the Beatles performance of "I Want to Hold Your Hand" on the Ed Sullivan Show. Other popular British rock acts included The Yardbirds, The Rolling Stones, and The Animals.
By the 1960s, folk music had developed into a major movement. Bob Dylan and Joan Baez had become known in the genre as singer-songwriters, bringing protest songs to a wide audience.
"Johnny B. Goode"
"I Want To Hold Your Hand" live on The Ed Sullivan Show
Bob Dylan plays an electric guitar at Newport Folk Festival, bridging folk and rock, genres that did not overlap at the time.
As the '60s approached, a rebellion and counterculture began to form and this was shown through the popular music..
Jazz was started in 1910 in New Orleans, relying heavily on a swing beat. It developed from New Orleans jazz to big band jazz in the 1930s, which featured a large band playing jazz standards and long improvised solos , and then to bebop in the 1940s, which was much faster than standard swing and featured virtuosic playing and improvisation .
Jazz in the 1950s
The popular styles of jazz in the 1950s originated in New York, and included hard bop and modal jazz, which were heavily based on improvisation. They were seen as a response to the 1940s west coast cool jazz which featured relaxed tempos and light tone.
Miles Davis "You're My Everything"
Ray Charles and Fats Domino helped bring blues into the popular music scene. The melancholy nature of the blues inspired popular rock and roll artists later in the decade.
Ray Charles initially played slow blues ballads, but had his first hit with the uptempo blues "Mess Around"
Ray Charles "Mess Around"
In the early 1950s, the honky tonk style and melancholy themes dominated country music.
The mid '50s brought the Nashville sound, which replaced honky tonk elements with smooth elements from pop music.
Jim Reeves "Four Walls"
The differences in the music significantly outweigh the similarities
Culture had drastically changed in the course of 20 years
Topics like sex and drugs were not so taboo by mid 60's
Counter culture was taking over
"The Way You Look Tonight"