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Democracy and France

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Ryan Pointing

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Democracy and France

Democracy Origins And Basic Information Democracy Originates From Ancient Greece The Word "Democracy" Originates from the Greek word dēmokratía meaning “rule of the people” Currently there are 87 Democratic States in the World. Democratic History of France 1700 1793 French Revolution beings, start of the First Republic. 1789 1800 1900 Napoleon Bonaparte leads a coup and becomes the Emperor of France ending the First Republic. 1804-1814 Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated in battle of Waterloo, Monarchy is reestablished. 1815 Fall of King Louis Philippe, the second Republic begins and Louis Napoleon becomes the president. 1848 Second Republic ends and Louis Napoleon becomes Emperor and takes title of Napoleon III. 1852 Empire ends because the at the battle of Sedan, and Third Republic Begins. 1870 In World War 2 France is invaded by Germany and there is no form of government. 1940-1944 Liberation of France from Germany, provisional government of the French Republic instituted. 1944 The Fifth Republic is established and Charles de Gaulle is elected the first President of France for the Fifth Republic 2000 1958 Nicolas Sarkozy is elected and becomes the president of France. 2007 The current president of France, François Hollande, is elected. 2012 The Fourth French Republic established. 1946 The Current French Regime Beginning of Democracy in France Third Estate declares themselves a National Assembly France only declared Republic after King Louis XVI's death Supreme power is given to the people Fair Elections Individual rights Democracy Defined The Government Today President: François Hollande Elections held every 5 years Prime Minister: Jean-Marc Ayrault Pink: Socialist Party (François Hollande) Blue: Union for a Popular Movement (Nicolas Sarkozy) The Government's Impact on its people Health Care 70% is paid by National Insurance and 30% by individual insurance 100% of expenses for serious illnesses are paid for by the Government 20% of payroll used for health care Pensions Welfare GDP Decision Making in France Strengths Weaknesses The president and prime minister, come from different parties, which reduces the chance of extreme rules and laws being made. President's Party
The President's and Prime Minster's different views could however lead to delay for decision making. Prime Minister's Pary Particular policies in France Immigration Corresponding law restricted immigrants without skill coming in to the country A law in 2006 created leniency for immigrants with skill This law also lengthened the time for immigrants married to obtain a French citizenship... ...and restricted regulations for immigrants living with their families Education Education system is controlled, organized and operated. 25% of the French population is enrolled in the education system Strong emphasis on discipline and traditional values. Freedom of Speech Freedom of speech dates back to 18th century Laws The legal system is antiquated, complex and leads to delays in reaching a judgement. Transportation Dense network of roads French Motorways fourth largest in the world High speed railway system, which links to other countries in Europe. Internal Security Strong tradition of military power One of the world's countries with nuclear weapons Police have a reputation of discrimination. Supports NATO forces François Hollande's new policies Withdraw French troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2012 Propose closer Franco-German partnership in the European Union Focus on economic growth and return to 0% deficit by 2017 Reduce electricity generated by nuclear power from 75% to 50% and replace this with renewable energy sources Impose higher taxes, especially for high-earners. Invest for the recruitment of extra teachers, judges, police. Long term impacts on... Society Environment Economy Birth Rate Compatibility of working with a family helps to increase the birth rate Debt France's generous pension payments could put France in serious debt The government has tried to reform the system, but this had only led to worker's unrest and strikes Hollande will try not to reform the system, but has made laws making the system more lenient to people who have worked for longer Immigration France imposed a law in 2006 which is called "selective immigration to limit the number of immigrants coming into France France have also restricted the number of asylum seekers entering France and changed the process of family immigration Nuclear Power France gets over 75% of their energy from nuclear power due to their expansion after the global oil spill in 1974 Due to growing concerns how nuclear power and the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, France are planning to rely less on nuclear power plants Currently France have 58 nuclear reactors Hollande plans to continue the trend Countries across Europe are inflicting cost cutting measures to help recover from the recession However these cost cutting measures are actually worsening the European economic crisis rather than helping to resolve it Hollande may focus his efforts from cost cutting to economic growth and try to persuade Germany to do the same But, Hollande himself may limit growth to France’s economy because of his high tax policies, which may discourage business growth Distinct Resistance Groups France in modern times has suffered Islamic terrorism associated with Algerian independence, civil war and Al Queda However, resistance groups have also come from different groups of society and in 1968 most notably students and young people, led many protests in Paris challenging the establishment. Also, in 2005, France was hit by the worst rioting since 1968, when young people, went on the rampage for three weeks some 9000 cars were burned across France. Workers and unions in France are also very powerful and influential and strikes and protests are still common in French society. Global Reputation Previous French Colonies France has a high global reputation despite the size of the country and population. France has a diverse multicultural population, home to more than 5 million people of African and Arab descent. France has continued to influence part of Africa and south-east Asia French Intelligentsia Descartes Marie Curie Louis Pasteur Gustave Eiffel Gauguin Napoleon Bonaparte William the Conqueror Matisse Victor Hugo Cezanne Monet Renoir Sartre Voltaire Pascal France's political and Worldwide importance Recent polls have shown that French people think that France’s importance on the international stage is declining. France led to the creation of the European Union and the Euro. This is in part due to the anti-government uprisings across the Arab world, in which France's response was seen to be inadequate. King Louis XVI is guillotined abolishing the Monarchy's power. Although, Hollande is not extremely as focused on immigration, he is likely to continue to restrict the number of immigrants in France
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