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From Hunter and Gatherers to Farmers
Transcript of From Hunter and Gatherers to Farmers
Paleolithic age vs Neolithic age
Instead of gathering wild plants, people discovered that they could plant seeds and harvest crops. People don't hunt as much because the farming, we don't need to hunt if we have plants and animals that give us food so there is now more farming then hunting. They used sheep, goats, and cattle for meat. Goats and cattle also provided milk too. Mules helped carry heavy loads and pull plows.
Creating a Stable Food Supply
The first big change agriculture brought about was the use of permanent shelters. The difference in housing during the neolithic and the paleolithic age was how the neolithic had shelters made of brick and stones and tree branches. But the paleolithic didn't have farming so they lived in caves. Nomad means one who from place to place with no permanent home. Paleolithic had caves because they didn't have farming.The neolithic people made there houses out of tree branched, mud, stone, and brick there houses were very strong.
Developing Permanent Shelters
The ability raise food by farming allowed people to settle in permanent shelters. Farming allows people to not wander around an search for food so that means they can have communities and permanent homes. They divided up work for each other by having some work on houses and others grow crops and make tools. Since they had a community some people could take to make the community safer and comfortable.
The Paleolithic age began about 2 million years ago, with the first toolmaking hominids, and lasted until about 8000 B.C. It was during this time period that early modern humans developed . Like the hominids before them, early humans were hunter-gatherers. They wandered from place to place because they didn't have permanent homes. They often took caves as shelters. The paintings on the cave walls left clues about their way of life.
The Neolithic age, began when people started to farm and produce their own food or 10,000 years ago. The discovery of farming did not happen all at once. Over thousands of years, people gradually learned to raise animals plant crops. They eventually began to rely on these farms for their food. Now, rather than having to roam long distances in search of things to eat, people could settle down in one place.
Developing New Jobs
In the eolithic age people had varieties of jobs there was farming, basket makers, weavers, toolmakers and traders. Farming took care of the plants and the animals and got the food but they didn't hunt because they already had animals. Weavers made stuff out of wool and cloth. Toolmakers created tools with stones and different kinds of rocks. Cloth makers learned how to spin and weave.
Beginning to trade
A major change in the Neolithic times was trade.
The Paleolithic Hunter Gatherers did not trade because they were focused on the animals and plants and other resources . The trade began when people needed stuff they didn't have. They traveled on foot and mules for hundreds of miles. They were looking for materials to improve their strength of their things they made an also stuff like flint and obsidian. Trading allowed people to get in contact with long distance groups.