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The Invisible Royalty - Optical Illusions

Educational resources for a public art project by artist David Phelps.
by

Oklahoma Art in Public Places

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of The Invisible Royalty - Optical Illusions

The

Invisible

Royalty
David Phelps
about
the

invisible
royalty
art
Ralph Ellison
Library
oklahoma city, ok
artist: david phelps
date: 2012
location: ralph ellison library
A prolific sculptor, David Phelps' work is
internationally collected. He is based out
of Oklahoma City, so several of his public
sculptures can be found throughout the
surrounding metro. Phelps works primarily in
bronze, cast concrete, and fabricated steel.
Read more about the artist and see examples of his art by going to his website:
the
invisible
royalty
goal:
about the artist
The goal of The Invisible Royalty is to pay tribute to the library's namesake and remind viewers of Ralph Ellison's connection to Oklahoma City.
how to find it:
The Ralph Ellison library is located on
the southeast corner of NE 23rd St and
Martin Luther King Ave. Head through
the lobby and into the library proper, where the sculpture is located just inside.

View a map featuring the library and another of the
artist's sculptures:
while you are
there
a general description
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I: BEFORE AND DURING

CHAPTER 1...........................................................ABOUT THE ART
...............................................................ABOUT THE ARTIST
.......................................................................................................GOAL
......................................................................HOW TO FIND IT
CHAPTER 2.....................................WHILE YOU ARE THERE
..............................................A GENERAL DESCRIPTION

PART II: AFTER

CHAPTER 3...............................................................................................ART
...............................................................OPTICAL ILLUSIONS
................................................................BINDING TUTORIAL
CHAPTER 4.............................................................SOCIAL STUDIES
..............................................................................COLONIALISM
...................................................HARLEM RENAISSANCE
CHAPTER 5...................................................................................SCIENCE
..................................................................................TAXONOMY
.......................................................................................................LIGHT
CHAPTER 6.........................................................LANGUAGE ARTS
............................................................................................SIDEKICKS
..............................................................IMPACT OR MIRROR
CHAPTER 7..............................................................MATHEMATICS
...................................................................................................RATIOS
CHAPTER 8.........................................................MISCELLANEOUS
.................................OKLAHOMA BLACK HISTORY
....................................................................INVISIBLE PEOPLE
HAND-BOOK
THE
INVISIBLE

ROYALTY;
OF
INCLUDING
BOOK BINDING, COLONIALISM, SIDEKICKS, RATIOS, SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION, AND VARIOUS TYPES OF ART:
BEING
AN EDUCATOR'S GUIDE TO A PUBLIC ART PIECE AND ITS USE IN ANY CLASSROOM
BY
OKLAHOMA ART
IN PUBLIC PLACES
OKLAHOMA:
2012
Above all this, as if they just emerged from the typewriter, are two more pieces of paper. One features the biography of Ralph Ellison while the other lists Jim Crow laws that would have affected the author. Click on the pictures to take a closer look.
The Invisible Royalty is the first thing you see as you walk into the library. It consists of five stacked books, upon which sits an old typewriter. The books represent a complete Ellison collection, while the typewriter is a replica of the same one the author used. A piece of paper is rising from the machine, and it bears both written word (the first page of Invisible Man) and the bust of a young Ralph Ellison. Due to the relief nature of the sculpture, it appears that Ellison watches you from any perspective.
about
ralph
ellison
Ralph Waldo Ellison was born in Oklahoma City in 1914. He attended Douglass High School, then started at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1933. He did not graduate, but moved to New York in 1936 where
he was immersed in Harlem Renaissance culture.

In 1936, Ellison began writing under the Federal Writers' Project,
which allowed him to support himself. When World War II
came on to the scene in 1941, Ellison served as a Merchant
Marine to avoid having to enlist in the segregated military.

After the war, he began writing his first and most
famous novel, Invisible Man. It was published in 1952.
Ralph Ellison went on to write two volumes of
essays. His second novel was discovered as an
unfinished manuscript after his death in 1994. It
was edited and published several years later.
photo credit:
http://ccpolsgrove.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/ellison020203_big.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/I0HZhUgxQyDtCN1iU3UvLhABcFuuSo7Me8ljasZd0lTGQs36geb02PdP0SWaomBCDr-i8zYcrOB3YpeWJE726jt0hSrG2OlQ/CesarDelValle1.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/re37YTTFP09driY83kn1hmvGo8sdxhfi04XZzKOrd2zTsC*0MaLfMi5z5VcgJyyeQo5LvX5zZd82GGMO9UJfyPg*DXG3qYuQ/3dMural5.jpeg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/X276DqZriaEBoxp*zkzlqL968vWwye6s9PXOI7tPOH0*Pk-rOJxrD2yIszw3BPvJMIQCX-3cwVnkcQCmOjyOlCHF8bJDo2Po/royalweddingpavementart.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/QtdPw5wgIbF7UAF6YICCB55oOHI2Svhtq3AwQkwXYnLoTN0CcANjZ5G7y0*R2AKVXOqsdq9gGFIv8jtynnoRf*gSOJPKh5V0/jesusgonzales10.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/evmpOztqIvqe*YNQ1RBrBphPIsgoQQPuPKu2DAMMUV0Llu1U*z2I6deLGtmAavPDuKgHLlTWRTCNi5ajPi7S3QCNSOBWagf0/PhilippKlinger01.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/nbvq1gS8ah1WAiUFzaZGho4njMCSqbV0OKtes2eRoq5A2mRonHL46TlUTzdXXwYoC-yoI8V4zOrUzMbvHoCU3-VN4QllzTws/poweroffourschickjwt1.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/wJ5C1UamEk4yQN*j0ZtPCs9qhL1qODsFAhKWOVI559HyZLh-jjEAaBAfLvdk-b3NV7QHbvl*qioJVle9kVMLpV0jT5AffQVf/OpticalIllusionCow.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/1W0sKbKQ8MTEZKBH42IWX27ZU95xECJm0L2naa3efCQ2X*0-IKIp8xMdFv6RlGiQ-BK0bdlZsXxo*4ne7z4d-P0f39HH*HPA/scotthazardphotoconstructs4.png
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/qwPVUpk-sBAnl4td8ygV-p*a*F2Eq8BmeG0wVk2BfYxW0bpOmPYJWedLpAcpL52ROo1-9vosy3n501swNtwOoJ0qLCa8xEq7/sinkingsculpture04.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/71bIO53HnGkbrbYdakxiZ51KaAh0uivfJN5AUeO48imhUbPsbC9LKB-fAB1NEhIWFwZjLpGOqe2SZtu8tPRXS6CeNp*yNUwq/SimonBeck01.jpg
photo credit:
http://www.moillusions.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/perception03.jpg
photo credit:
http://www.moillusions.com/wp-content/uploads/3.bp.blogspot.com/albums/bb234/vurdlak8/illusions/essey_8965.jpg
photo credit:
http://media-cache7.pinterest.com/upload/148055906469970159_YjJtQ3et.jpg
photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/9yRmFsBC2ojkfMKScG-YkLMUbZTjVN*G7ErJ74vNB0LTMaUWfce-qda9ulLTRmrB0x2OwyFgzsH2JGiVnHzTBZ2z2lGAn-9l/nemesissubterra02.jpg
The bust sculpture of Ralph
Ellison
relies on optical illusion. By doing the bust in reverse, Phelps created a work that not only appears to extend towards the viewer, but also follows the viewer as they look at the art from different angles. This technique,
creating something that is visually perceived differently from objective reality
, is called optical illusion. Go through the following examples and see if you can discriminate perception from reality.

For more on optical illusions, check out the exhibit at Science Museum Oklahoma.
The common phrase says you shouldn't judge a book by its cover, but book bindings are an integral part of The
Invisible
Royalty. Follow along
DesignLoveFest
's tutorial to bind your own notebook, or use the
Lil' Blue Boo
tutorial to turn an old hardcover book into an art journal.

supplies:
- 10 sheets of 8 1/2 x 11 paper

- a sheet of decorative paper (12 x 12 or larger)

- ruler

- exacto knife

- pencil

- double sided tape
Tutorial:
http://www.designlovefest.com/2012/04/make-it-10-2/
DesignLoveFest:

supplies:
- old hardcover book

- wax paper

- mod podge

- gesso

- paint

- miscellaneous art supplies
Tutorial:
Lil Blue Boo:
photo credit:
http://www.designlovefest.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/notebooksmoving2.gif
photo credit:
http://www.lilblueboo.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/MG_3172.jpg
http://www.lilblueboo.com/2012/05/turn-a-book-into-an-art-journal-a-tutorial.html#
http://api.ning.com/files/d0lzclWsTkU*TWbfwN4s3ixw3mGLJi6T4c3WKTHFemIMHaBSXEPGS-31Q64sFyES3PifHV2qrojrVoI5BjOyrqLGTWrr1p*Z/aakash00.jpg
http://goo.gl/maps/KBoR
http://phelpssculpture.com/
Works Cited:
Incorporate the Art:
art
Let us know what you think about it by taking a short survey.
http://bit.ly/YGbR1Z
View all lessons about The Invisible Royalty
http://bit.ly/UwZ409
Need help using our resources?
Check out this introduction.
http://bit.ly/RlMAJV
Or email
jdunn(at)okhistory.org
optical illusions
book binding
Access this lesson by clicking on the link:
http://bit.ly/1dePCYZ
Full transcript