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Causes of the American Revolution

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Nicholas Hoffmann

on 2 March 2016

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Transcript of Causes of the American Revolution

Boston Tea Party and Boston Massacre
Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death
Trouble in Boston!
TAXES
Continental Congress
Townshend Acts- Taxed imported goods

Boycott- a refusal to buy goods

Daughters of Liberty
-started making own "liberty tea"
-started weaving cloth for clothes

Britain sends warships to Boston
First Continental Congress
(1774)-
Representatives from 12 of the 13
colonies (not Georgia) met in Philly.

Decided:
States should start creating
militias
-
volunteer armies

"Minutemen"
-could be ready in a minutes notice to fight

Stop all trade with Britain
To meet again in one year
$1.25
Monday, July 4, 1776
Vol XCIII, No. 311
King Phillips War
The French and Indian War
WAR !
As Colonies grew, more land was needed.

Colonists moved West to expand

Natives who lived there resisted

In New England- War broke out between the Colonists and several Native American groups led by Metacom = "King Phillip"
Paul Revere's Ride

On April 18, 1775
Causes of the American Revolution
Pontiac's Rebellion
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
Written by Thomas Jefferson

Announcement to the world- why
Colonists wanted and deserved
independence from Britain

Listed all of the injustice King
George III had done to the
colonists

Approved on July 4 1776

Traitor
- a person who works
against his own country
The Tea Act- Britain passed law that East India Company would be only tea provider
King George III
+
Parliament- Britain's law making assembly

Stamp Act (1765) - Tax on printed paper (legal documents, newspapers, playing cards)


"NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION"
The French and Indian War
Colonists won and continued to expand westward into the Ohio river valley- part of New France
The British demanded that France leave- Washington delivered the letter
France refused
Washington returned with troops and tried to take a French fort- he failed
France and Native Americans
v.
British Colonists
Britain wins and takes over most of New France
Colonists began to move onto the newly won land
An Ottawa leader- Pontiac told his people to revolt against Britain
Proclamation of 1763
King George ordered that colonists were no longer allowed to settle on land west of the Appalachian Mts.
Colonists were upset
- Patrick Henry
Repeal
- cancel
Samuel Adams- speaker, motivator, leader
Sons of Liberty- a group that led protests against the new tax
The Boston Massacre
British troops shot Boston colonists
Crispus Attucks
- a freeman who died in the massacre
John Adams
- defended troops in court, troops were found not guilty
The Boston Tea Party
Britain repeals the Townshend Acts, but keeps the tax on tea
Committee of Correspondence- a group who wrote to each other about local events
Colonists, dressed as indians and dumped the tea into the harbor
Britain Punishes Boston
Soldiers sent to Boston- colonists had to feed and house them

General Thomas Gage put in charge

Port was closed
The Intolerable Acts
Patriots
- Colonists opposed to British rule
Loyalists
- Colonists loyal to King George
"The Shot Heard Round the World"
British march toward Concord
After guns, Sam Adams, and John Hancock
Paul Revere rode to warn them and others
Revere, Dawes, Prescott- warned towns
Revere was captured
5 A.M.- April 19th 1775
Minutemen gathered in Lexington
awaiting the marching British
British marched in and shots were fired
British won
Colonists started arriving from nearby towns, had British out numbered.

British re-treated and were attacked the whole march back to Boston
The American Revolution
had begun
The Battle of Bunker Hill
Colonel William Prescott- led colonists who built a fort on Breed's Hill overnight
Charlestown- Bunker and Breed's Hill near Boston
British attacked to take hill- 3 Attempts
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"
Colonists lost hill but won moral victory
Second Continental Congress
Formed- Continental Army: Led by George Washington
One last attempt for peace-
"Olive Branch Petition"
-still loyal, more freedom to govern
selves
King George III- refused to even read it

Thomas Paine- "Common Sense"
American Revolutionary War
British soldiers far superior to Colonial Army
Few victories
Winter in Valley Forge
Washington crossing the Delaware
Battle of Saratoga- France
Yorktown
Treaty of Paris- 1783
Full transcript