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JOURNALISM

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by

Sarah Rosin

on 9 March 2016

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Transcript of JOURNALISM

JOURNALISM

"...is the activity of gathering,
assessing, creating, and presenting
news and information..."
PURPOSE
CHARACTERISTICS
Bias
: A journalist should always remain impartial to the subject
WHAT
DOESN'T WORK
JOURNALISM
WHAT WORKS
VALUES
(ETHICS)
THE INTERVIEW
Silent probe
Nudging probe
Open ended
Clearing house
Informational probe
Restatement
Reflective
Mirror
Open ended
Closed
Five "W"s
Anticipation
Connecting the Dots
Interactive & Immediate
Global Audience
Mobile First (Design)
Community sub-sets
Pay Attention to Public
Anticipate Readers Needs
Single Subject Sites
Quality over Quantity
Nonprofit Centers for Investigative Journalism
Mix of Amateurs and Professionals
Mixed Media Ethics
Global vs. Local
The Revolution
Accuracy
Balance
Impartiality
Gate-keeping
Prepublication verification
Traditional
Journalism
Immediacy
Transparency
Partiality
Non-professionals
Partiality
Post Publication Corrections
Current Trends
Blending Old and New
Layered
Vertically
Horizontally
By
Sarah Rosin, Sharon Wight & Steve Morton
Comm 307 - Interviewing

SNAPSHOT
Definition
Purpose
Types of Journalism
Values/Ethics
What Works/"Pros"
What Doesn't/"Cons"
The Interview
Unique Characteristics
Questions?
Research
Preparation
Accuracy
Affinity
Trust
Relational
Types of Questions
Dress appropriately
Unique
Honest
Neutral
Empathetic
Don't interrupt
Minimize vocals
Don't over-direct
It's not about YOU
Study psychology
Avoid confrontational approach
Finish
Tips/Techniques
WHY IT'S UNIQUE
Aims to provide verified information
Empowers people to make more educated decisions
Checks the facts
Provides the truth about facts
Highly informative
Objective

"Monk-like embrace of personal rectitude?"
Remain objective, even in portrayal of personal life
Refrain from personal opinion
Hold the objective fact in highest regard
Value the vulnerability and trust of the EE and the audience
UNBREAKABLE BOND TO DEMOCRACY
Free press is a cornerstone of democracy
Journalism serves as a monitor of power
Provides a safe space for debate
PROS/CONS
"...News is that part of communication that keeps us informed of the changing events, issues, and characters in the world outside. Though it may be interesting or even entertaining, the foremost value of news is as a utility to empower the informed.

The purpose of journalism is thus to provide citizens with the information they need to make the best possible decisions about their lives, their communities, their societies, and their governments." --
American Press Institute

Dishonesty
: A journalist should remain honest and consistently fact-check to provide valid information
Unpreparedness
: A journalist should always complete preliminary research and "Know The Audience"
Directive
Listening
Work ethic (day/night)
Bravery
Writing (fast & well)
Resourceful
Provides a fair, objective informative source
Ability to interview "big names"
Fighting against social ills
Working with co-journalists
Must learn how to manage "inherent bias"
Leads to under-representation of the "little guy"
Loss of perspective
Group think
Pros
Cons

Clutter
: Information should be presented clearly and concisely.
Lack of rapport
: Journalists must establish trust between interviewees and listeners.
JOURNALISM
TYPES
SOURCES & ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
American Press Institute:
http://www.americanpressinstitute.org/journalism-essentials/what-is-journalism/>.

Center for Journalism Ethics:
http://ethics.journalism.wisc.edu/resources/digital-media-ethics/

Nieman Lab. (Walter Lippman):
http://www.niemanlab.org/2009/09/truth-seeking-professionals-and-the-public-why-is-journalism-unique/>.

Nieman Journalism Lab:
http://www.niemanlab.org/collection/predictions-2014/

Mediacollege.com:
http://www.mediacollege.com/journalism/interviews/tips.html

Print journalism
Broadcast News
Photo journalism
Bloggers
Citizen journalists
Specialty journalists
Full transcript