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05.06 It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times
Transcript of 05.06 It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times
Independence Day Origins: Bastille Day Traditions: Bastille Day Symbols: Bastille Day Origins: Independence Day Traditions: Independence Day Symbols: Independence Day 1. The members Third Estate demanded better representation and the formation of a people’s National Assembly. The current members of the Estates General refused this proposal, and in a backlash, locked out the members of the Third Estate from the Estates General.
2. One June 20, representatives of the suspended Third Estate had an impromptu meeting at a nearby indoor tennis court. They swore an oath to work together until France had a constitution that guaranteed rights to ordinary people. This meeting became known as the Tennis Court Oath, and it ignited revolutionary fervor.
3. Under great pressure, Louis XVI recognized the National Assembly, which then renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly. However, many people in France were skeptical and thought that the king would ultimately try to put out the Revolution. Because of this, a period of Great Fear swept the French public in 1789. Peasants looted and rioted throughout the French countryside. They were fearful of conspiracy, punishment, and murder by the feudal lords. On July 14, 1789, an angry Parisian mob stormed the Bastille, a fortress prison, and liberated a handful of prisoners. Though this event had little tangible benefit, it was a powerful symbol of the people's power to free themselves from the power of the hated king. Bastille Day, as it is known today, marks the beginning of the French Revolution and is today celebrated as the French national holiday much like Americans celebrate the Fourth of July. 1. The annual parade in the morning on the 14th of July
2. French flags are displayed in every possible empty space.
3. In some regions of France it is customary to have a picnic on Bastille Day, but in most regions, families head home to enjoy a nice leisurely meal in the middle of the day.
The Eiffel Tower in Paris and the French national flag, or tricolor, are important symbols of Bastille Day. The French national flag is one-and-a-half times as wide as it is tall. It consists of three vertical bands of equal width colored blue, white and red. The same colors are displayed in bunting and banners of many shapes on Bastille Day. People may also wear clothing or face paint in these colors. During the American Revolution, the legal separation of the Thirteen Colonies from Great Britain occurred on July 2, 1776, when the Second Continental Congress voted to approve a resolution of independence that had been proposed in June by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia declaring the United States independent from Great Britain. After voting for independence, Congress turned its attention to the Declaration of Independence, a statement explaining this decision, which had been prepared by a Committee of Five, with Thomas Jefferson as its principal author. Congress debated and revised the wording of the Declaration, finally approving it on July 4. 1. Fireworks at night
2. Barbeque and many fun activities
3. American Flag outside homes and buildings
4. People in the United States express and give thanks for the freedom and liberties fought by the first generation of many of today's Americans
The most common Independence Day symbol is the American flag. Its design is displayed in all possible ways on July 4 and can be seen in front of homes and buildings. Other symbols associated with Independence Day are the Statue of Liberty on Ellis Island in New York and the fireworks viewed all over the United States. Comparative Summary: Bastille Day and Independence Day were both a day of change in their country. For America it was the day of independence, free from Britain. For France it gave power to the lesser and a chance to free themselves from the power of the hated king. On a similar note, both of these national days showed that they can be free and that they had the power to reach freedom. Of course both national days have differences. The Third Estate wanted to be freed from the king and guarantee rights for ordinary people while the Americans wanted to be freed from Britain to form a country independently.