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Child Development

Intellectual Development from 4-6
by

hannah schlosser

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of Child Development

Chapter 15 Intellectual Development from 4-6 A child's I.Q. is a number found by comparing that child's results with other children's of the same age. This is used to assess where kids are with their thinking skills. What is Intelligence? On an intelligence test, cultural bias means that one culture has an advantage over another culture. A child who doesn't have English as a first language has a disadvantage and may not understand the test as well as a child who does have English as a first language. Cultural Bias Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to language, the ability to learn languages and the ability to use languages to accomplish goals. Multiple Intelligences Vygotsky He believed that social contact is essential to intellectual development. He said that the collaboration between teachers and students was essential for learning. He disagreed with Piaget and stated that childhood is too complex to separated into separate neat stages. He also believed that all children learn differently. His philosophy was that learning depends on the social development of a student and his peers. He believed that children should be taught the previous experiences and not just the present and future. Language and Social Interaction Learning is based on language and social interaction. They are essential. Children and their peers play a key role in their learning. Teachers shouldn't lecture but instead collaborate. An example of this would be that when teaching a lesson, teachers should take turns discussing the topic and getting the students involved. Montessori She believes that if children are placed in an environment with the right learning materials and games, they will learn. She believes that this really focuses on the development of their senses. She thinks that a classroom should be set up in learning stations that the children can interact with on their own. In order to be a teacher for this, you need special training. This type of learning works really well with special needs children and people who are learning English. Helping Children Learn Parents and care givers should encourage children's interest by talking about those interests. Making positive comments promotes new vocabulary and self worth . Ask children questions to help them look at their experiences in a new perspective. Asking children's advice for simple things they know how to do, helps them learn. Parents and caregivers should have their children help around the house, so they learn to be an active part of the family. Having kids get interested in books is important because it promotes an understanding of the world. Reading to young children regularly, makes kids associate books with enjoyment. Logical-mathematical intelligence consists of the ability to analyze problems using logic, perform mathematical operations, and explore issues scientifically. Spatial intelligence involves an understanding of the potential use of space, thinking three-dimensional terms, and imagining things in clear visual images. Musical intelligence involves skill in performing, composing, and appreciating musical patterns. Bodily-kin esthetic intelligence has to do with the potential to use one's body to solve problems and using the mind to coordinate body movements. Interpersonal intelligence involves the potential to understand the intentions, desires, and motivations of others. Intrapersonal intelligence implies the capacity to understand oneself, including fears, hopes, motivations. Naturalist intelligence involves recognizing, categorizing, and drawing upon the features of the environment. Piaget's Four Periods of Learning Choosing a book When choosing a book ask yourself these questions; Does the story include action to hold a child's attention?
Are the pictures colorful, interesting, and easy to understand?
Does the book use descriptive language to bring it to life?
and many more... 4 to 6 year olds often enjoy books that involve experiences they haven't done and funny books. Art and music serve as an emotional outlet for children, especially when the child doesn't know how to express their feelings with words. Art and Music Children express their feelings and creativity as well as develop motor skills with art and music. By displaying a child's artwork, it helps build their self-confidence. Asking a child about their art helps develop verbal skills. Finger play, having motions in a song is often the way children are introduced to music and it helps improve motor skills. Music is a great teaching tool because many kids learn things by putting them to music. Vocabulary Many children learn all the basic forms of language easily. Ages 4 to 6 experience a quick increase in their vocabulary. Children can say 90% of words correctly by age 6. Physical development helps much of the improvement of speech difficulties. Children need to hear language that is specific and has a lot of detail. Talking to children from a very young age helps them develop speech. Speaking another language, coming from a different part of the country, and physical problems all affect speech development. Preschool and Kindergarten It is important that children develop a positive outlook at school because they go to school for many years. Preschool is used so that children get used to being in a school setting and learn how to act appropriately while in school. Studies show that children in a a full-day kindergarten program perform better in school. Children usually enter kindergarten by the age of 5. Children who start school too early had emotional problems. Children who start school too late have behavior problems. A child is ready for school if they can;
communicate with adults
manage personal needs
complete a task
listen attentively
follow directions and take turns
be patient Transitioning Even if the child has gone to preschool, going to kindergarten is a big change. Children have to adjust to:
longer hours in school
being around older kids
a bigger school The child should know his/her full name, address, and phone number before entering kindergarten. Share positive feelings about school and tell the child what to expect from school to prepare them. Have the child get plenty of rest and pick out their backpack, lunchbox, and clothes to be ready for school. NAEYC National Association for the Education of Young Children The worlds largest organization working for children's well-being. This is from birth to age 8 Goals:
improving working conditions and practice in early childhood education
striving to achieve a high-quality system of childhood teaching by supporting early childhood programs
building an organization that includes people committed to the excellence of early childhood education. Phonemes and alliteration It is important for kids to hear phonemes when learning to read. A phoneme is the individual sounds in a word. To develop phoneme awareness read rhyming books to kids.

Alliteration, the repetitions of certain sounds in a book, help a child learn phonemes. Research has found that bilingual children have an easier time learning to read. The End :)
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