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Sleep On It
Transcript of Sleep On It
When you get in your car... When you get to work...
When you get home... When you go to sleep... 2. Test your state. Is this a dream? Have a critical attitude.
Don't conclude you are awake until you have proof. 3. Imagine yourself dreaming. "If I were dreaming, what would it be like?" 4. Imagine what you intend to do in your lucid dream. "When the state of dreaming has dawned,
Do not lie in ignorance like a corpse,
Enter the natural sphere of unwavering attentiveness.
Recognize your dreams and transform illusion into luminosity.
Do not sleep like an animal.
Do the practice which mixes sleep and reality." -Tibetan Buddhist prayer. (Godwin 18) Look at this sentence. Look away. Is it the same? Look at this sentence. Look away. Is it the same? Sleep On It Cultivating Lucid Dreaming Skills 5. When you lie down to sleep. Tell yourself,
"I will lucid dream tonight." (Answer: N – all these letters look exactly the same when viewed upside-down) The Effects of a Two-Week Reflection-Intention Training Program on Lucid Dream Recall Paullson and Parker, 2006
Hypotheses That the dream training program would increase dream recall frequency
That the dream training program would increase lucid dream recall frequency
Three treatment levels of the IV (lucid dream training program) Before the study started (LDRF0)
LDRF0 measured with a questionnaire (qualitative seven-point scale) to investigate the participants’ dream recall frequency baseline
At the end of the first week (LDRF1)
At the end of the second week (LDRF2)
Dependent variables Dream Recall Frequency (DRF): The number of dreams recalled in a week
Lucid Dream Recall Frequency (LDRF): The number of lucid dreams recalled in a week
Results Both DRF (effect size = .54) and LDRF (effect size = .24) increased
The DRF changed significantly between DRF0 and week 1, but not significantly between week 1 and week 2.
Of the seven who had never experienced lucid dreaming, five had lucid dreams during the first week
Achieving a sense of control over one's dream Contents of dream can be altered in response to dreamer’s desires
Dream wishes often manifest themselves in anomalous ways
Changes can reflect emotional states during dream
Implications for nightmare sufferers
Courageous? A fearful figure may seem to get smaller
Afraid? A fearful figure may appear to grow bigger •Lucid dreaming techniques can help nightmare sufferers 1) change aspects of their dream and 2) decrease emotionality of nightmares
•Note: techniques must aim to increase level of control within the dream, otherwise if the dreamer just becomes aware without control, it may become more intense and more frightening.
Spoormarker and van den Bout, 2006
• Nightmare sufferers trained to control aspects of their dream
• LDT decreased nightmare frequency
Zadra and Pihl, 1997
• 5 cases of nightmare sufferers
• 1 year later
• Lucid dreaming successfully decreased incidence of nightmares
• 4 cases reported no longer having nightmares
Studies Personal Experiences in Lucid Dreaming Techniques Utilized
Outcomes NovaDreamer Invented by Steven LaBerge Detects REM sleep
Red Flashing Light
Sound LaBerge and Levitan (1995) 14 participants
Given DreamLight goggles
Not informed of cue nights
11 out of 14: 32 Lucid Dreams
22 out of 32: DreamLight on.
Statistically significant results. Hyperspace Lucidity Regular narrative images Transformation of the space and form Disintegration of known images into nonfigurative forms and particles. Fariba Bogzaran
Lucid artist and Oneironaut Founder of JFK's Dream Studies Program
Studies spiritual aspects and awareness methods of lucid dreaming
Committee of Sleep Salvador Dali
Paul Schrader Do the laws of physics apply? Creative Problem Solving Helmholtz's Creative Process -
3. Illumination Tacit vs. Explicit Knowledge