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Digital Technology merit badge

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by

John Hermes

on 13 February 2016

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Transcript of Digital Technology merit badge

3e.Computer networks
A computer network exists where two or more computers are linked together to share data and/or hardware or software resources. In turn, this may facilitate electronic human-to-human communications, e-business, and alternative working practices such as teleworking
4a. Application Software
Application software is a set of one or more programs designed to carry out operations for a specific application. Application software cannot run on itself but is dependent on system software to execute.

Can you give some examples?

5. Do the following:
Describe how digital devices are connected to the Internet
Using an Internet search engine (with your parent's permission), find ideas about how to conduct a troop court of honor or campfire program. Print out a copy of the ideas from at least three different website. Share what you found with your counselor, and explain how you used the search engineto find this information
Use a Web browser to connect to an HTTPS (Secure) website (with your parents permission) Explain to your counselor how to tell whether the site's security certificate can be trusted, and what it means to use this kind of connection.
Digital Technology Merit Badge
John Hermes
2. Do the following:

a. Give a brief history of the changes in digital technology over time. Discuss with your counselor how digital technology in your lifetime compares with that of your parent's, grandparent's, or other adult's lifetime.

b. Describe the kinds of computers or devices you imagine might be available when you are an adult.
History of Computers
History of Computers
History of Computers
1890 - Hollerith Machine
Used electrical connections to trigger a counter, recording information.

History of Computers
1944 - Colossus Mark I British Computer
First programmable computer
5 tons, 500 miles of wire, 8 feet tall and 51 feet long
ran non-stop for 15 years.
History of Computers
1945 - ENIAC
Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
20 by 40 foot room
Weighed 30 tons
Used more than 18,000 vacuum tubes
The IBM 7030, or Stretch was IBM's first transistorized supercomputer
Failed to meet aggressive performance estimates so priced dropped from $13.5 million to only $7.78 million
Fastest computer in the world in 1964.
History of Computers
1959 - IBM Stretch
History of Computers
1970s - IBM Mainframes
Standard dual-processor capability
Monolithic main memory based on integrated circuits
Full virtual memory through a new microcode floppy disk.
128-bit floating point arithmetic
History of Computers
1975 - Altair 8800
Name comes from Star Trek.
Mail order kit assembled it yourself
No video output, LEDs instead
No keyboard, switches on the front
Microsoft & Apple
The Future??
3. Do the following

Explain to your counselor how text, sound, pictures and videos are digitized for storage
Describe the difference between lossy and lossless data compression, and give an example where each might be used.
Describe two digital devices and how hey are made more useful by their programming
Discuss the similarities and difference between computers, mobile devices, and gaming consoles
Explain what a computer network is and describe the network's purpose.
3a. File Formats
Text (ASCII)
txt, doc, docx, pdf

Sound (waves)
mp3, wma, aiff, au, raw, wav

Pictures (pixels)
jpg, gif, png, tiff, eps

Videos (key frames + Changes)
avi, mpeg, flv, mov

3b. Lossy vs. Lossless Compression
Lossless allows the original to be recreated
Lossy eliminates some data, and you can't get it back
More useful with technology
3c. More Useful with Technology
3d. Computers, Mobile Devices & Gaming Consoles
Similarities

Digital processing
Programs
Connectivity
Displays
Differences

Input- Keyboard, Controller, mice
Functionality
Single Purpose
Proprietary Software
Portability

4. Do the following:

Explain what a program or software applicaions or "app" is and how it is created
Name four software programs or mobile apps you or your family use, and explain ho each one helps you.
Describe what malware is and explain how to protect your digital devices and the information stored on them.

Productivity
Word Processing
Spreadsheet
Presentation
Games
Utilities
Photo Editor
Video Editor
4b. Applications / Types
4c. Malware
Malicious code in the form of viruses, worms, Trojan Horses, spyware, adware, scareware or ransomware.
Any software used to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information, or gain access to private computer systems.
Common method of infection:
Web browsing
Email attachments
2 Factor Authentication
5 b. Use an Internet search engine to find ideas about how to conduct a troop court of
honor or campfire program. Print out a copy of the ideas from at least three different websites. Share what you found with your counselor, and explain how you used th search engine to find this information.

6. Do THREE of the following. Show me your work.
Food budget OR roster spreadsheet for campout.
Letter to troop’s parents, inviting them to a troop event.
Campsite plan for your troop OR create a flier for an upcoming troop event, incorporating text and photographs.
Five slide presentation, with photographs.
Photos of a troop activity.
Record your voice and transfer the file to a different device.
Blog 5 of your scouting activities.
Create a web page for your troop, patrol, school, or church.

7. Do the following:
Explain to your counselor each of these protections and why they exist: copyright, patents, trademarks, trade secrets.
Explain when it is permissible to accept a free copy of a program from a friend.
Discuss with your counselor an article or a news report about a recent legal case involving an intellectual property dispute.

Copyright
Legal right created by the law of a country, that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution, usually for a limited time, with the intention of enabling the creator to receive compensation for their intellectual effort.
Trademarks

The trademark owner can be an individual, business organization, or any legal entity.

A trademark may be located on a package, a label, a voucher or on the product itself.

A recognizable sign, design or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others.
Piracy
8. Do TWO of the following:
Why proper disposal of digital technology is important. List at least three dangerous chemicals that could be used to create digital devices or used inside a digital device.
What is a certified recyclers of digital technology hardware.
Research an organization that collects discarded digital technology hardware for re purposing or recycling.
Visit a recycling center that disposes of digital technology hardware.
Find a battery recycling center near you and find out what it does to recycle batteries.

Electronic devices are a complex mixture of several hundred materials. A mobile phone, for example, contains 500 to 1,000 components. Many of these contain toxic heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium and beryllium, as well as hazardous chemicals, such as brominated flame retardants. Polluting PVC plastic is also frequently used.

Do ONE of the following:

Investigate three career opportunities that involve digital technology. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
Visit a business or an industrial facility that uses digital technology. Describe four ways digital technology is being used there. Share what you learned with your counselor.


How many bytes is that?
BSA Digital Technology Merit Badge Trivia
B - 01000010

S - 01010011

A - 01000001
3c.
5a. Cellular Data Networks
Patent
A set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
An invention is a solution to a specific technological problem and is a product or a process.

Pascaline 1642
Abacas 1100
Slide Rule
1632
Moore's Law
The number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits had doubled every year since the integrated circuit was invented. Moore predicted that this trend would continue for the foreseeable future.
Two Recognized by EPA

Responsible Recycling Practices (R2)
sustainableelectronics.org

e-Stewards®
e-stewards.org

Recycling Technology Components
Staples
Lowes
Home Depot
Radio Shack
AutoZone
Best Buy
Batteries +

Battery Recycling Centers
Full transcript