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Substratum and Superstratum Theory

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Abi Carver

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Substratum and Superstratum Theory

Superstratum Theory
This is when a new language is introduced into a region and alters or affects the language that is already spoken there.

This is the opposite to the Substratum Theory.
How it occurs
1. Standard English already exists.

2. Jamaican Creole is introduced through immigration and consequently affects some of Standard English's pronunciation, lexis and grammar.

3. This results in an interwoven variety called an Ethnolect.
Examples on Jamaican influence on Standard English lexis- which formed a multicultural London English
How it occurs
Examples of the effect of Standard English on Jamaican Creole
Substratum Theory
When an original language can alter or affect later languages which are introduced there.
Jamaican Creole was hugely influenced when it made contact with Standard English during the slave trade.

Standard English

+ = Jamaican English

Jamaican Creole

Why does this happen?
The theory suggests that this occurs to minimise the differences between themselves and their English neighbours.

Hypercorrection may occur here when a non-native group exaggerates their pronunciation to match native speakers.
Creps Bare
Safe Sick
Sket Chat
Jamming Buff
Substratum and Superstratum Theory
1. The main language already exists and is embedded in society e.g. Standard English

2. A new variety of English, such as Jamaican Creole is brought into contact with Standard English through immigration, music etc.

3. The language of the immigrant is affected by Standard English and this consequently creates a new version of their language- this is called an Ethnolect.
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