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International Organizations

Exploration of International Organizations
by

Diayle Davis

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of International Organizations

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Established in 1945, following World War II in hopes to intervene in conflicts between nations thereby avoiding war.

Since its beginning with 50 countries, the UN Security Council has grown to 192 member countries United Nations United Nations Initiatives
Aims at preventing war
Safeguard human rights
Provide a mechanism from international law
Promote social and economic progress
Improve living standards and fight diseases Benefits & Losses
A decline in the number of wars, genocides and human rights abuses since the end of the Cold War
Failed to prevent the genocide of Rwanda
Failed to provide sufficient food to starving people in Somalia Originally founded in 1864, by Clara Barton, the International branch was founded in 1919

The International Red Cross along with the Red Crescent Movement are international humanitarian movements purposed to protect human life and health and alleviate human suffering with 185 member countries. International Red Cross International Red Cross Initiatives
The official mission is to stand for the protection of the life and dignity of victims of international and internal armed conflicts Benefits & Losses
Countries must be a member to receive the benefits Established January 1, 1994, this organization called for the immediate elimination of tariffs on good shipped/sold to Mexico and Canada.

Only 3 members exist, the US, Mexico and Canada. North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA Initiatives
Some issues exist over the implementation and effectiveness of this alliance. Benefits & Losses
Established free trade in North America
Improved relations between the US & Mexico
Business owners and customers benefit
Labor unions and unemployed US workers suffer at times because of this alliance. Established in 1944, after 45 countries met in New Hampshire to build a framework for economic cooperation that would avoid a repeat of the policies that led to the Great Depression.

The International Monetary Fund now consists of 184 countries. International Monetary Fund IMF Initiatives
Focused on overseeing the global financial system by monitoring exchange rates and the balance of payments
Offers technical and financial assistance when needed. Benefits & Losses
Underdeveloped countries receive much needed financial assistance but with a high cost OPEC has been operating in Vienna, Austria since 1965, with the principle aim is to safeguard the individual and collective interests of its members. While stabilizing the prices in international oil markets and attempting to eliminate harmful and unnecessary fluctuations.

This international organization consists of 12 countries: Algeria, Angola, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC Initiatives
Oil is this organization's sole focus. Benefits & Losses
Oil prices are based on the US dollar, so when the value of a dollar fluctuates so does the price of oil.
OPEC has become a political tool by withholding oil from Western countries with policies they don't agree with. Established in 1948, WHO focuses on attaining the highest possible level of health for all people, no matter the race, gender, location or level of wealth.

There are 193 member countries that support this ideal. World Health Organization WHO Initiatives
It's main task is to combat infectious disease and promote the general health of all people.
Health is defined as complete physical, mental and social well-being. Benefits & Losses
As a member you receive all the benefits of this organization
The lost is felt by the organization in the financial expenses needed to promote healthy living. Created on December 27, 1945, the World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries throughout the world.

184 member countries own the World Bank, which consists of two unique development institutions, the International Bank for Reconstruction & Development and the International Development Association. World Bank World Bank Initiatives
The World Bank focuses on developing countries in the areas of human development, agricultural and rural development, environmental protection, infrastructure, and governance. Benefits & Losses
These institutions provided low interest loans, interest free credits, and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and other purposes. This international organization was created in 1948, consisting of 35 member countries within the Americans. Organization of American States OAS Initiatives
Focused on strengthening democracy among countries within North, Central and South America. Benefits & Losses
To achieve an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration and to defend their sovereignty
A loss is the financial commitment and/or if they adhere to treaty parameters being dragged into a unsolicited war or conflict. Established in 1949, this military alliance, created a system of collective security in which the 26 member countries agree to mutual defense in response to attack by any external country. North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO Initiatives
The parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all. Benefits & Losses
This is a regional alliance, dealing with regional concerns and regional solutions, which limits the scope/area of influence.
The financial commitment and possibility of being pulled into war are the greatest possible losses.
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