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The Colony of a Colony

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Jordan Hardee

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of The Colony of a Colony

South Carolina History - Chapter 3
The Colony of a Colony

The Carolana Colony
1629, Charles I of England
issued a proprietary charter to
Sir Robert Heath
, challenging Spain's claims to the south Atlantic Coast.
without a permanent settlement, was ineffective
. Heath/ successor both unable to est. a permanent settlement at this time.
England in the Caribbean
England a threat to Spain in the Caribbean.
, est. in
the model for the rest of the English West Indies - and South Carolina
Charles, Colleton, and a Colony
John Colleton
, Englishman/ member of the
Council for Foreign Planters
schemed for a colony between Virginia and Spanish Florida.

Ashley Cooper, John Berkeley, George Carteret, Edward Hyde
(Earl of Clarendon) as well as
William Craven.
"The Compasse [we] are to steere by..."
1640-1670, a powerful local culture evolved in
, replicated South Carolina coast.
South Carolina arose from a different cultural tradition than the colonies of New England and Chesapeake
Barbados/ Caribbean colonies considered "
beyond the line
Events that occurred
south of the Tropic of Cancer
and west of the
Prime Meridian
no effect on European relations.
No govt. or soc. restraints.
The pursuit of wealth and the pleasures it could purchase was the order of the day
Colonists planted subsistence crops/
for export.
Barbadian planters employed
chattel labor

indentured servant
Despite cheap labor, not much profit to be made in "
Little England
sugar cane
introduced to Barbados
High demand for sugar/ byproducts -
rum and molasses
The price of land sky-rocketed.
African slaves
replace indentured servants
emerge/ dominate the eco.
"Material success, not character or honor, was the measure of an individual's worth."
How a man acquired wealth was not important.
Barbados became the richest colony in English America
Barbados and Slavery
1638; 200 enslaved Africans.
1670; blacks comprised
of the islands pop.
Social structure - large gap between elite/ poor
Switch to African labor
based on eco.
Charles and the First Charter
24 March 1663
, Charles II granted a charter for the colony of Carolina:
to make war/ peace
create towns/ ports
grant "titles of honor"
raise/ maintain an army
collect taxes
impose the death sentence
issue pardons
Settling Carolina
1663, a group of Barbadians calling themselves the "
Barbadian Adventurers
explored coast/ promoted province.
"Concessions and Agreements
" document designed to attract settlers to the Carolina
freedom of rel.
generous land grants
Settling Carolina
Charles Town
was est. at Cape Fear by
John Vassall
, (B.A.)
1667, the Barbadians abandon it
Ashley and Carolina
Lord Ashley
convinced the lord proprietors to invest in Carolina
settlement of Carolina became a reality
With John Locke, drafted the first version of the
Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina
John Locke
(1632-1704) English philosopher; profound impact on Western civilization.
Two Treatises of Government
natural rights of man
social contract
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
Never ratified
de facto
(exercising power without being legally est.)
Responsible for the rapid/ successful development of South Carolina
Two Treatises of Government
Men are by nature free/ equal
against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch
Argued that people have
natural rights
life, liberty, property

Two Treatises on Government
govt exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the common good.
Govt can be resisted/ replaced
Locke imp. for defense of the
right of revolution
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
- basis for participation in govt.
50 acres
= voter.
for a male was
150 acres
, 100 for female.
Slave owners had absolute authority over their slaves.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
"Noe bodys power... is soe great as to be able to hurt the meanest man in the Country."
document safeguarded against the powerful
21 July 1669
, Locke and Ashley completed the Fundamental Constitution of Carolina.
Later, three ships under the command of Capt West - headed to Carolina
Document's provisions attracted those who wanted to improve themselves financially/ socially
generous land grants/

Carolina nobility
promised opportunities for men to rise above their stations.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
social contract
- people transfer some of their natural rights to the govt for protection/ ensure the
common good
people are the source of power
laws are there to protect the people from each other
Two Treatises on Government
To attract settlers -
rel. toleration
(except no Roman Catholics)
citizenship for aliens

property rights

"titles of honor"
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
Full transcript