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The Colony of a Colony

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Jordan Hardee

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of The Colony of a Colony

South Carolina History - Chapter 3
The Colony of a Colony

The Carolana Colony
In
1629, Charles I of England
issued a proprietary charter to
Sir Robert Heath
, challenging Spain's claims to the south Atlantic Coast.
without a permanent settlement, was ineffective
. Heath/ successor both unable to est. a permanent settlement at this time.
England in the Caribbean
England a threat to Spain in the Caribbean.
Barbados
, est. in
1627
,
the model for the rest of the English West Indies - and South Carolina
.
Charles, Colleton, and a Colony
John Colleton
, Englishman/ member of the
Council for Foreign Planters
schemed for a colony between Virginia and Spanish Florida.

Ashley Cooper, John Berkeley, George Carteret, Edward Hyde
(Earl of Clarendon) as well as
William Craven.
"The Compasse [we] are to steere by..."
Conclusion
Barbados
1640-1670, a powerful local culture evolved in
Barbados
, replicated South Carolina coast.
South Carolina arose from a different cultural tradition than the colonies of New England and Chesapeake
.
Barbados
Barbados/ Caribbean colonies considered "
beyond the line
"
Events that occurred
south of the Tropic of Cancer
and west of the
Prime Meridian
no effect on European relations.
No govt. or soc. restraints.
The pursuit of wealth and the pleasures it could purchase was the order of the day
.
Barbados
Colonists planted subsistence crops/
tobacco
and
cotton
for export.
Barbadian planters employed
chattel labor

indentured servant
"
Barbadosed
."
Despite cheap labor, not much profit to be made in "
Little England
."
Barbados
1640's
;
sugar cane
introduced to Barbados
colony
High demand for sugar/ byproducts -
rum and molasses
The price of land sky-rocketed.
African slaves
replace indentured servants
Wealthy
elite
emerge/ dominate the eco.
Barbados
"Material success, not character or honor, was the measure of an individual's worth."
How a man acquired wealth was not important.
Barbados became the richest colony in English America
.
Barbados and Slavery
1638; 200 enslaved Africans.
1670; blacks comprised
60%
of the islands pop.
Social structure - large gap between elite/ poor
Switch to African labor
based on eco.
-
cheaper
Charles and the First Charter
24 March 1663
, Charles II granted a charter for the colony of Carolina:
to make war/ peace
create towns/ ports
grant "titles of honor"
raise/ maintain an army
collect taxes
impose the death sentence
issue pardons
Settling Carolina
1663, a group of Barbadians calling themselves the "
Barbadian Adventurers
"
explored coast/ promoted province.
"Concessions and Agreements
" document designed to attract settlers to the Carolina
self-govt
freedom of rel.
generous land grants
Settling Carolina
Charles Town
was est. at Cape Fear by
John Vassall
, (B.A.)
1667, the Barbadians abandon it
Ashley and Carolina
1668;
Lord Ashley
convinced the lord proprietors to invest in Carolina
settlement of Carolina became a reality
.
With John Locke, drafted the first version of the
Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina
.
John Locke
(1632-1704) English philosopher; profound impact on Western civilization.
Two Treatises of Government
;
natural rights of man
/
social contract
.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
Never ratified
implemented
de facto
(exercising power without being legally est.)
Responsible for the rapid/ successful development of South Carolina
.
Two Treatises of Government
Men are by nature free/ equal
against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch
Argued that people have
natural rights
life, liberty, property

Two Treatises on Government
Locke,
govt exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the common good.
Govt can be resisted/ replaced
Locke imp. for defense of the
right of revolution
.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
Land
- basis for participation in govt.
50 acres
= voter.
Initial
headright
for a male was
150 acres
, 100 for female.
Slave owners had absolute authority over their slaves.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
"Noe bodys power... is soe great as to be able to hurt the meanest man in the Country."
document safeguarded against the powerful
monarchy
and
aristocracy
.
21 July 1669
, Locke and Ashley completed the Fundamental Constitution of Carolina.
Later, three ships under the command of Capt West - headed to Carolina
Document's provisions attracted those who wanted to improve themselves financially/ socially
.
generous land grants/

Carolina nobility
promised opportunities for men to rise above their stations.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
social contract
- people transfer some of their natural rights to the govt for protection/ ensure the
common good
people are the source of power
laws are there to protect the people from each other
Two Treatises on Government
To attract settlers -
rel. toleration
(except no Roman Catholics)
citizenship for aliens

property rights

"titles of honor"
Fundamental Constitution of Carolina
Full transcript