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Surveillance vs. Privacy
Transcript of Surveillance vs. Privacy
What is Surveillance?
Keeps the community secure
Makes the individual feel comfortable
Prevents crime and threats
Increases efficiency, as in the case of medical emergency
Adds evidence for crimes that are caught on tape
Aids the nation towards a more technologically advanced future
Hart, a Campaign Research Manager at YouGov Special Projects, says "93% of the [British public] approve of CCTV cameras in banks and building societies."
In the context of the fourth ammendment, through which the law often views privacy, the greater good often trumps the individual right to privacy in order to quickly and efficiently have access to communications particularly when convicting criminal actions (Gumpert 125-126).
Josh Fischman states that "crime on the Hopkins campus has dropped 43% since 2004, and Mr. Skrodzki –executive director of campus safety and security– ascribes some of that decline to the cameras.”
"Since the police installed 39 cameras in the Grant Houses in Harlem in July of 1997 New York City police report a 44% drop in crime." (Gumpert 120)
Have You Noticed....
The Media Center's computers surrounding you are all being monitored by the library staff for the safety of the students.
According to a 1994 estimate, U.S. computers alone hold more than five billion records, trading information on every man, woman, and child an average of five times a day" (Cate, 2).
They're always watching...
What is Privacy?
is the right to control personal information
makes the individual feel less vulnerable or exposed
maintains individuality and creativity
creates trust and healthy relationships (as with other nations or individuals)
protects intellectual property
Professor Emeritus of Queens College says that "In 1997 it was estimated that the average New Yorker appears on camera 20 times per day" (Gumpert, 119).
How many times, do you say?
John Locke and Francis Chlapowski have argued that privacy is in fact an object of himself, part of his personality, and therefore acts like a piece of personal property (qtd. in Cate 21).
Private information is akin to private property, which should be protected.
Privacy is necessary for effective communication with sensitive information (such as private conversations between an attorney and client). Organizations require the same type of limited communication and privacy in effective advisory and self-governing (Cate 27).
Chaos would ensue if every bit of personal information were made public
Privacy is sacrificed for the "greater good"; the security of the community through convicting criminals.
"Privacy provides individuals with an opportunity for self-evaluation. Solitude and the opportunity for reflection are essential to creativity (Cate 26)."
Surveillance techniques (in these cases, security cameras) led to significant decreases in crime rates and an increased feeling of safety.
Private space is needed to digest the daily life of the individual so that life can be enjoyed and creativity can thrive.
Cate, Fred H. Privacy in the Information Age. Washington:
Brooking Institution, 1997. Print.
Gumpert, Gary, and Susan J. Drucker. "Public Boundries: Privacy and Surveillance
in a Technological World." Communication Quarterly 49.2 (2001): 115-29.
ProQuest Education Journals. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.
Hart, Natalie. "Surveillance Stats." Map. YouGov. N.p., 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 24
Fischman, Josh, and Andrea L. Foster. "Campus Safety Gains Sharper Vision."
Chronicle of Higher Education 53.34 (2007): n. pag. ProQuest Education
Journals. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
What do YOU think?