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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
Egyptian civilization began in the Nile River Valley.
Depended on Nile and its floods
Used river for trade and transportation
Geography of region helped protect Egyptians from invasion.
Advancments in Civilizations
Advancements brought forth a need for government.
In 3100 B.C., Narmer combined Upper and Lower Egypt.
After Narmer's death, his family created first Egypt dynasty.
Over period of 2,800 years Egypt would be ruled by 31 dynasties.
The 2,800 years were divided into three periods.
1. Old Kingdom
2. Middle Kingdom
3. New Kingdom
The Old Kingdom
Experienced growth and prosperity.
Pharaoh's were considered to be gods on Earth and the sons of Ra, the Egypt sun god.
Pyramids served as tombs for the mummy of Pharaoh's.
Egyptian sun god
Takes on many forms
The most common is head of a falcon with a sun-disk resting on the head.
Ancient Egyptians believed the sun was the eye and body of the legendary sun god, Ra/Re.
The Middle Kingdom
Egypt started to develop strong armies to defend against neighbors.
accomplisments in art
Instead of building expensive pyramids, they built hidden tombs to bury Pharaohs instead.
The New Kingdom
Egypt expanded it's borders by way of military conquest.
New Kingdom brought forth the height of power for Egypt.
During this time all Pharaohs were buried in the same place, the Valley of the Kings.
Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
Where tombs were constructed for burials of most important Pharaohs of Egypt.
Valley is west of the Nile River.
Settled South of Egypt
Settled in farming villages
Powerful villages formed Kingdom of Kerma.
Nubian and Egyptian power struggle began in 1,400 B.C..
Rising and Falling
Egyptian and Nubian cultures blend and results in declination from Egypt.
Nubian's broke away and formed Kush Kingdom.
In the 200 A.D., the kingdom weakened and the Axum kingdom arose.
Axum is known as Ethiopia today.
Slide 11: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_the_Kings
Slide 7: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ra
Without these legendary rulers, Egypt would have been a completely different place.