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World Religions

Information on the major world religions
by

Brian Conway

on 18 April 2016

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Transcript of World Religions

World Religions
Judaism
(Jew)
Founded by the prophet
Abraham
Beliefs
Christianity
(Christian)
Jesus christ
is the founder of this religion.
Started around
30 AD
(2000 years ago)
Begain in Israel
There are
2.1 billion
followers (Mostly found in Europe and the Americas)

Beliefs
There is only one God
Christians belive in the holy trinity (god the father, god the son, and god the holy spirit)
Jesus is the son of God and died to forgive all sins
Jesus rose from the dead to symbolize eternal life.
The Ten Comandments are the laws to live by.
They believe in heaven and hell
Confucianism
(Confucianist)

The founder was Confucius
Started in China (6 million followers)
Started around 500 BC (2500 years ago)
Main Practices
It teaches morality and good government
You can develop good moral character by following rules
Respect your betters
The holy book is Five Classics
They do not believe in an afterlife
Hinduism
(Hindu)

It
began around the year 3000 BC
(5000 years ago)
in the country of India.

Today there are over
1 billion followers
mainly in India and South East Asia.
There is
not one single founder but many great religious leaders
Main Practice/Beliefs
They worship many gods and goddesses but they believe in a single spirit.
Gods and goddesses represent different parts of this spirit.
They believe in reincarnation.
They believe in Karma
: The law of cause and effect.
Believe in religious tolerance.
Teach how to give up the desire for "stuff
" (money, power, and possessions)
The founder is
Siddhartha Gautama
-Buddha "Enlightened One"
Started around
500 BC
(2500 years ago.)
Began in India

376 Million followers
(China, Tibet, Nepal, Japan, and South East Asia)
Buddhism
(Buddhist)

Main Practice/Beliefs
Islam
(Muslim)

It was founded by the
Prophet Muhammad
Started around the year
600 AD
(1400 years ago)
Began in Saudi Arabia (1.2 billion followers)
Main Practice/Beliefs
Muslims follow the 5 pillars:
1 Shada-belief in God (Allah) & Muhammad.
2 Salat-pray 5 times a day facing Mecca.
3 Zakat-alms giving (giving money to the need)
4 Sawm-fasting (going without food for a period of time)
5 Hajj-pilgrimage (religious trip) to mecca
The holy book is the
Qur'an

The cow is a sacred animal to Hindus.
They do not eat cows.
To be free from suffering one must give up selfish desires of power, wealth, and pleasure.
Complete Peace (nirvana) is achieved by following the Eightfold path.
There are Four Noble Truths
Suffering exists
There is a reason that people suffer
There is an end to suffereing
To end suffereing, follow the eigh fold path
They believe in reincarnation
Started around
2000 bc
. (4000 years ago)
Begain in the
region of the Middle East.

13.5 million followers
(mostly found in Isreal and the United States)
Worship one God
God is good, so people should be good
God holds people accountable for their sins
Jews are God's chosen people w/ special duties.
They are
waiting for a "Messiah" to bring peace.
More focused on actions than beliefs
There is little to say about what happens after death
Festivals/Holy Days
Most hindu festivals are marked by the change of seasons or celebrate the birth of a god.
Holi-Festival of colors. Celebrates spring and new life.
Diwali-Festival of lights (5days long at the end of october.
Nacaratri-Nine Nights long to celebrate three different gods.
Sacred Places
Ganges River
Indus River
Varanasi
Place of Worship
temple
Festivals/Holy Days
Buddha Day (Visakah Puja)-Celebrates the birth and life of Buddha.
Enlightenment Day (Budhi Day)-Celebrates the moment when Buddha became enlightened.
Dhamma Day (Aslha Puja)-The day Buddha gave his first lesson
Sacred Places
Budh Gaya-Budhi Tree
Lumbini-Birthplace of Buddha
Maya Devi-Temple near Lumbini
Festivals/Holy Days
Ramadan-Month of atonement and fasting.
'Id Al-Fitr-fast breaking at the end of Ramadan
Laylat al-Qudr-the day the Qur'an was revealed
Sacred Places
Mecca
Jerusalem
Places of Worship
Mosques
Jewish Holidays
Place of Worship
Synagogues
Jewish Holy Land
Jerusalem
Holidays/Festivals
Christmas-The birth of Jesus
Easter-The resurection of Jesus
Lent-When christians remember their sins.
Ash Wednesday-First day of lent
Sacraed Places
Jerusalem
Bethlehem
Places of Worship
Church
Not allowed to drink alcohol or eat pork.
The Vedas:
The hymns, laws, prayers and stories of Hindusim.
The Puranas:
Long stories of Hindu myths, gods, goddess and heros.
Sacraed Texts
Sacared Text
The holy book is the
Tripitaka
Eight Fold Path
Sacred Text
The holy book is called the
Bible
1. Rosh Hashanah- The fist day of the new year.
2. Yom Kippur- Day of atonement
3. Chanukkah- Day of rededication or the festival of lights.
4. Passover- To remeber the day that they were taken out of Egypt.
Name of Deity
Brahman: the one supreme being.
Believes in other forms of the same god such as Vishnu and Shiva.
They are worshiped separately and treated almost as different gods.
They do not want to label their relgion as habing one or many gods.
Leadership
Guru
Holy Man
Brahmin Priests
Famous Teachers:
Gandhi
Name of Deity
The Buddha did not teach a supreme god.
Sects:
Theravada-The original teachings of Buddha
Mahayana-The modified version (mass salvation and popular worship, teaches that Buddha was a god)
Leadership
Buddhist Monks and Nuns
Sacred Text
The
Torah
Leadership
Rabbis
This includes the Torah, Old Testement,
The Gosples, and New Testement.
Leadership
Cleregy
Popes
Priests
Ministers
Belive in one God
Belive in the prophets of God. (Muhammad, Noah, Abrahm, and Jesus.
Leaders
Caliph
Full transcript