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3.03 Early Mesoamerican Civilizations
Transcript of 3.03 Early Mesoamerican Civilizations
This Olmec head was created by the Olmec people.And was found in southern Mexico and was probably created during 1200 BCE to 400 BCE. These heads were probably created for art or religious beliefs. Seventeen heads have been unearthed to date.
This was created by the Olmec civilization.They were transported many miles to create fences around sacred areas and used in making buildings.The tombs were made of roughly cut stone. This tomb was found in La Venta. La Venta was the center of Olmec society.
Cabeza Clava Chavin
Human and animal heads are a common motif. This large stone head you see in the picture is a mixture of a human face and an animal's face. This face is thought to have been made somewhere between 900 and 200 BCE and made in Peru.The main purpose of the head was to make sure the temple didn't flood during the highlands' rainy season.
This is a gold crown from Chongyape, dated 900-500 BCE. The Chavin used early techniques to develop refined gold work.The Chavin were known to have been skilled in making work with refined gold. The crown would have been worn by a Chavin leader.
The Scribe” dates all the way back to around 950 BC. It is a ceramic sculpture that shows a young man sitting with his legs crossed.'The Scribe' got his name from his resemblance to a known Egyptian portrait of a scribe. His headdress has the date 13 water engraved on it and his chest had the date 13 flint knife. This was found in Cuilapan.
This arena is a court
for the ritual ball game played by the Zapotecs and other Mesoamerican peoples.Many ball courts are different in size, but are all about the same shape. This court lies in Monte Albán, an ancient site of Mesoamerican ruins.