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Animal Farm

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Jovanny Madera

on 28 May 2010

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Transcript of Animal Farm

Animal Farm Characters Mr. Jones- Leader
Czar Nicholas II Old Major- An old boar whose speech about the evils perpetrated by humans rouses the animals into rebelling.
Karl Marx Moses- A tame raven and sometimes-pet of Jones
Russia Orthodox Church Animal Rebellion- Russian Revolution of 1917. Napoleon- A boar who, with Snowball, leads the rebellion against Jones.
Joseph Stalin Squealer- A porker pig who becomes Napoleon's mouthpiece.
Pravda
Napoleon's Dogs- Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher Three dogs. The nine puppies born between Jessie and Bluebell are taken by Napoleon and raised to be his guard gods.
Secret Police Pilkington- The owner of Foxwood, a neighboring and neglected farm.
England Frederick- An enemy of Pilkington and owner of Pinchfield, another neighboring farm.
Germany Battle of Cowshed- The Battle of Cowshed is what eventually leads to the power struggle between Joseph Stalin, Napoleon, and Trotsky, Snowball for control of the Communist party, Animal Farm.
Anti-Revolutionary Invasion of Russia Mollie- A vain horse who prefers ribbons and sugar over ideas and rebellion.
Bourgeoisie Boxer- A dedicated but dimwitted horse who aids in the building of the windmill but is sold to a glue-boiler after collapsing from exhaustion.
Dedicated, tricked supporters Benjamin- A cynical, pessimistic donkey who continually undercuts the animals' enthusiasm with his cryptic remark, "Donkeys live a long time."
Skeptical Russians and outsiders Novels: Burmese Days
A Clergyman's Daughter
Keep The Aspidistra Flying
Coming Up For Air
Animal Farm
Nineteen Eighty-Four Non-Fiction: Down and Out in Paris and London
The Road to wigan Pier
Homage to Catalonia Animal Farm is a noted literature, which, of course, may help the reader to catapult the imagination beyond the horizons
of dogmatic adherence to idealistic or Utopian thoughts. It however, represents human characteristics in an anaolgy of
animal insticts, but it really gives precipitated change, brought by a modicum of bureaucratic class called as Bolsheviks. Saltire- A literary work in which human vice or folly
is attack through, irony, derision, or wit. Allegory- The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form. Fable- A usually short narrative making an edifying or cautionary point
nd often employing as characters animals the speak and act like humans. Snowball- The pig who challenges Napoleon for c
ontrol of Animal Farm after the Rebellion.
Leon Trotsky Chapter 1
The Begining of chapter 1 Mr. Jones has become very drunk and forgot to lock the barn up and once he went inside to go to bed the animals all decide to get into a little group meeting to make some plans to over throw Mr. Jones.The pigs, cows, horses, ducks, hens and dogs all assemble in the big barn, thinking that they are going to be told about a dream that Old Major had the previous night. But before Old Major tells about his dream he tells the animals about how his life is coming to an end. He talks about how all the animals have to do all the work for humans. How they only get so much to eat, how they only own their bare skin. Old Major talks to the animals how the humans steal everything from the animals. Talks about how their children are taken from them as soon as they are born. He goes on to tell them that all the animals are comrades, they are brothers, and that their only real enemy is humans. Man is the root cause of all their troubles, he tells them.
Chapter 2
In the second chapter about three days later of Old Majors meeting and telling all the animals what his plan is he dies. The other animals start to follow up on Old Majors rebellion. The three animals to take over Old Majors rebellion was the three pigs were Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer. The three group up all the animals to explain what they are going to do to take over the farm they call meetings to explain the princples of Animalism.They encounter many obstacles from amongst the simpler animals, who are afraid of what might happen if Jones was not around to feed them. Also Moses the Raven who was Mr. Jones tamed pet would tell the animals about a place called Sugar Mountain saying that when the animals die that is where they go. Without any of the planning the rebellion starts on midsummer day. Just before the day of harvest Mr. Jones gets drunk. He was going to feed the animals all day. One of the animals break down the door to the store shed, and several other animals begin the help themselves from the bin. Chapter 3
The harvest was a great success. It started and finished two days ealier then the men had it planned to
finish. The animals are so enthusiastic and excited about the fact that the food is truly their own, that
no food is stolen during the harvesting. Almost all the animals worked hard other then exceptions of Mollie.
Benjamin the donkey is one of the few animals who did not feel any different about the revolution. Sunday
was a resting day for the animals to regroup at a meeting. This is where the animals plan the next weeks
schedule. Because so many animals are thus unable to read the seven commandments, Snowball reduces the seven
commandments to the single maxim “Four legs good, two legs bad!”, which they can remember more easily.
Chapter 4
Snowball and Napoleon are sending pigeons out to the neighboring farm to try and get the other animals to join the rebellion.
News of the rebellion has spread to the surrounding county. The farmers at first pretend not to be troubled about the
rebellion, believing that the animals cannot possibly make a success of the farm. As time goes on the farmeres become more
and more troubled and the animals become more and more emboldened. The farmers try to tell that the slavery of the animals
is a lie but they do not believe them. the animals whistle the tune and sing to the Beasts of England, though they risk
terrible beatings by doing so. One day in October, Jones, and all his men and a half a dozen other from neighbouring farms,
attack Animal Farm. They walk up the laneway through the main gate. They are all armed with sticks except for Jones, who
carries a gun. The animals are well prepared though. After the skirmish where the pigeons and the geese attack the humans
Snowball, Benjamin, Muriel and all the sheep also help attack. But the men take over with their sticks and Snowball sounds
the retreat. The animals fall back to the farmyard, pursued by the men which they thought they won but what they did not know
is that they walked into a trap. Chapter 5
Mollie, who has been avoiding working on the farm has been meeting a farmer who has been giving Mollie ribbons and sugar. Short afterwards she is find pulling a cart into town she is never seen again and never mentioned again. Snowball’s allows him to control the meetings, However, Napoleon works quietly behind the scenes building support, and succeeding in getting all of the sheep onto his side. Snowball is forever proposing new plans and improvement for the farm which Napoleon never approves. The day comes for whether or not to build a windmill or not. The farm is divided into two factions at this stage, the “Vote for Snowball and the three-day week” faction, and the “Vote for Napoleon and the full manger” faction.
Chapter 6
Another year passes, the aniomals work themselves to the best they can do they work hard for the harvest and the
windmill. They were also asked to work on Sunday those who did not work on that day had the rations halved. Progress
on the windmill is laborious and slow. The stone that is to be built had to be hauled up to the top of the quarry
to be broke but that took to the end of the summer to do. As the harvest and windmill is going on they find out that
the are running out of supplies. By breaking some of the rules by using money they needed it to keep building and
survivning they said they need to sell some hay and wheat. also that they need to take some of the eggs that are being
produced and sell them for money. Soon after that the pigs move into the farmfouse and begin to eat out the kitchen and
sleep on the beds. Chapter 7
The animals struggle to rebuild the windmill. In January, they fall short of food, a fact that they work to conceal from the human farmers around them, lest Animal Farm be perceived to be failing. The humans do not believe that Snowball did all the destruction to the windmill. Squealer gives ennobling speeches on the glory of sacrifice, but the other animals acquire their real inspiration from the example of Boxer, who works harder than ever. In order to feed the animals Napoleon said they need to sell four hundred eggs per week. The hens rebel, and Napoleon responds by cutting their rations entirely. Nine hens die before the others give in to Napoleon’s demands. One day, Squealer announces that Snowball has sold himself to Mr. Frederick’s farm, Pinchfield, and that the treacherous pig has been in league with Mr. Jones from the start. Four days later, Napoleon convenes all of the animals in the yard. With his nine huge dogs ringed about him and growling, he stages an inquisition and a purge: he forces certain animals to confess to their participation in a conspiracy with Snowball and then has the dogs tear out these supposed traitors’ throats.
Chapter 8
A few days after the bloody executions, the animals discover that the commandment reading “No animal shall kill any other animal” now reads: “No animal shall kill any other animal without cause.” The animals work even harder through the year to work on the windmill. The animals often suffer from hunger or the cold Squealer reads continuously from a list of statistics proving that conditions remain far superior to anything the animals knew under Mr. Jones and that they only continue to improve. Following a propaganda against Mr. Frederick (during which Napoleon adopts the maxim “Death to Frederick!”), the animals are shocked to learn that Mr. Frederick eventually comes through as the buyer of the timber. Napoleon discovers to his great outrage that the money Mr. Frederick gave him for the timber is simply a stack of forgeries. He warns the animals to prepare for the worst, and, indeed, Mr. Frederick soon attacks Animal Farm with a large group of armed men. The animals cower as Mr. Frederick’s men plant dynamite at the base of the windmill and blow the whole structure up. Enraged, the animals attack the men, driving them away, but at a heavy cost: several of the animals are killed, and Boxer sustains a serious injury. The animals are disheartened, but a patriotic flag-raising ceremony cheers them up and restores their faith somewhat.
Chapter 9
The animals start rebuilding the windmill, even though Boxer is seriously injured he show no sign of being in pain and refuses to leave work for even a day. Food grows ever more scarce, and all animals receive reduced rations, except for the pigs and the dogs. Squealer says, when the pigs and dogs receive good nourishment, the whole community stands to benefit. When four sows give birth to Napoleon’s piglets, thirty-one in all, Napoleon commands that a schoolhouse be built for their education. Napoleon begins ordering events called Spontaneous Demonstrations, at which the animals march around the farm, listen to speeches, and exult in the glory of Animal Farm. When other animals complain, the sheep, who love these Spontaneous Demonstrations, drown them out with chants of “Four legs good, two legs bad!” In April, the government declares Animal Farm a rebulic, and Napoleoin becomes the president by unanimous vote. One day, Boxer’s strength fails; he collapses while pulling stone for the windmill. The other animals rush to tell Squealer, while Benjamin and Clover stay near their friend. The pigs announce that they will arrange to bring Boxer to a human hospital to recuperate, but when the cart arrives, Benjamin reads the writing on the cart’s sideboards and announces that Boxer is being sent to a glue maker to be slaughtered.
Chapter 10
Years pass. Many animals have died and few recall the days before the rebellion.The animals complete a new windmill, which is used not for generating electricity but for milling corn, a far more profitable endeavor. The farm seems to have grown richer, but only the many pigs and dogs live comfortable lives. Squealer explains that the pigs and dogs do very important workfilling out forms and such. Seven Commandments were originally inscribed. Only the last commandment remains: “all animals are equal.” However, it now carries an addition: “but some animals are more equal than others.” In the days that follow, Napoleon openly begins smoking a pipe, and the other pigs subscribe to human magazines, listen to the radio, and begin to install a telephone, also wearing human clothes that they have salvaged from Mr. Jones’s wardrobe. One day, the pigs invite neighboring human farmers over to inspect Animal Farm. The farmers praise the pigs and express, in diplomatic language, their regret for past “misunderstandings.” The other animals, led by Clover, watch through a window as Mr. Pilkington and Napoleon toast each other, and Mr. Pilkington declares that the farmers share a problem with the pigs: “If you have your lower animals to contend with,” he says, “we have our lower classes!”
Czar Nicholas II- Nicholas II, the last Russian Emperor, was the eldest son of Alexander III and was born on May 6, 1868. He ascended the throne after the death of his father on October 20, 1894, and was crowned on May 14, 1896. The ceremony in Moscow was overshadowed by a catastrophe on Khodynskoe Field, where more than a thousand spectators were crushed to death.He married the daughter of Grand Duke Ludwig of Hessen, Alice Victoria Eleanor Louisa Beatrice (Alexandra Feodorovna), and had five children. Karl Marx- The philosopher, social scientist, historian and revolutionary, Karl Marx, is without a doubt the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century. Although he was largely ignored by scholars in his own lifetime, his social, economic and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death in 1883. Until quite recently almost half the population of the world lived under regimes that claim to be Marxist. This very success, however, has meant that the original ideas of Marx have often been modified and his meanings adapted to a great variety of political circumstances. In addition, the fact that Marx delayed publication of many of his writings meant that is been only recently that scholars had the opportunity to appreciate Marx's intellectual stature. Russian Orthodox Church- Marx said "Opiate of the people" a lie, used to make people not complain and do their work, Religion was tolerared because people would work, Stalin knew religion would stop violent revolutions. Russian Revolution 1917- The 1917 Russian Revolution was not, as many people suppose, one well organised event in which Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown and Lenin and the Bolsheviks took power. It was a series of events that took place during 1917, which entailed two separate revolutions in February and October (with a great deal of political wranglings inbetween), and which eventually plunged the country into Civil War before leading to the founding of the Communist State. Joseph Stalin- Joseph Stalin, was born in Gori, Georgia on 21st December, 1879. He was his mother's fourth child to be born in less than four years. The first three died and as Joseph was prone to bad health, his mother feared on several occasions that he would also die. Understandably, given this background, Joseph's mother was very protective towards him as a child. Leon Trotsky- Lev Davidovich Bronshtein (he assumed the name Leon Trotsky in 1902) was born in Yanovka, Russia, on 7th November, 1879. His parents were Jewish and owned a farm in the Ukraine. When Trotsky was eight years old his father sent him to Odessa to be educated. Six years later he was transferred to Nikolayev where he was first introduced to the ideas of Karl Marx. Pravda- worked for Stalin to support his image, used any lie to convince the people to follow Stalin, benefited from the fact that education was controlled. Secret Police- From the beginning of their regime, the Bolsheviks relied on a strong secret, or political, police to buttress their rule. The first secret police, called the Cheka, was established in December 1917 as a temporary institution to be abolished once Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks had consolidated their power. The original Cheka, headed by Feliks Dzerzhinskii, was empowered only to investigate "counterrevolutionary" crimes. But it soon acquired powers of summary justice and began a campaign of terror against the propertied classes and enemies of Bolshevism. Although many Bolsheviks viewed the Cheka with repugnance and spoke out against its excesses, its continued existence was seen as crucial to the survival of the new regime. Churchill- The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965), the son of Lord Randolph Churchill and an American mother, was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. After a brief but eventful career in the army, he became a Conservative Member of Parliament in 1900. Hitler- Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn, Austria. The town is near to the Austro-German border, and his father, Alois, worked as a customs officer on the border crossing. His mother, Klara, had previously given birth to two other children by Alois, (Gustav and Ida) but they both died in their infancy. Anti-Revolutionary Invasion of Russia- By 1921, after a period of great unrest, the Bolsheviks triumphed in Russia, and largely reunited the old empire (formally constituted as the USSR in 1923). The repercussions of the events that took place on the Eastern Front, from 1914 to 1921, however, would have a profound impact upon world history for the remainder of the century and beyond - although it was the battles of the Western Front that eventually achieved greater fame. Bourgeoisie- In social and political theory, the social order dominated by the property-owning class. The term arose in medieval France, where it denoted the inhabitant of a walled town. The concept of the bourgeoisie is most closely associated with Karl Marx and those who were influenced by him. According to Marx, the bourgeoisie plays a heroic role in history by revolutionizing industry and modernizing society; Dedicated, tricked supporters- people believed Stalin because he was "Communist", many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a tyrant, betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them. Skeptical Russians and outsiders- weren't sure revolution would change anything, realized that a crazy leader can call himself communist, knew that communism wouldn't work with power, hungry leaders. 1.Compare and contrast Napoleon and Snowball. What techniques do they use in their struggle for power? Does Snowball represent a morally legitimate political alternative to the corrupt leadership of Napoleon?
2.Why do you think Orwell chose to use a fable in his condemnation of Soviet communism and totalitarianism? Fiction would seem a rather indirect method of political commentary; if Orwell had written an academic essay, he could have named names, pointed to details, and proven his case more systematically. What different opportunities of expression does a fable offer its author?
3.From whose perspective isAnimal Farmtold? Why would Orwell have chosen such a perspective?
4.How does Orwell explore the problem of rhetoric in Animal Farm? Paying particular attention to the character of Squealer, how is language used as an instrument of social control? How do the pigs rewrite history?
5.Do you think Animal Farm’s message would come across effectively to someone who knows nothing about Soviet history or the conflict between Stalin and Trotsky? What might such a reader make of the story?

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