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history of movies
Transcript of history of movies
In November of 1930, the first true epic western was directed by Raoul Walsh and its main character starred John Wayne in his first role ever. The film was about settlers traveling down the Oregon Trail while also encountering perlious obstacles along the way in the west. Comedy The History of American
Presented by Ethan Samberg Heres a bit a of History While there wasn't exactly a definitive inventor who developed the first movie camera, there were several people who made similiar machines that led to the modern movie camera.
The first was William Lincoln, who developed and patented a machine called the zoopraxiscope in 1867. This machine could project a stream of animated pictures to the viewer.
Next, Thomas Edison, the famed American inventor, developed the Kinetoscope and Vitascope. Both inventions could project moving pictures to a single viewer in 1891.
Fianlly was Louis Lumiere, a French inventor who was credited for inventing a movie camera that included a film processor, a Cinematograph projector, and a tripod for portability in 1895. He is often credited with popularizing the motion picture industry. As moving picture shows became more popular, many people wanted to see more in the late 1800's. But projectors at the time could only be viewed as peepshows, meaning only one person at a time could watch.
But this dilemma was solved in 1905 by Harry Davis, a showmen who created a storefront theater in Pennsylvania that could hold 96 people and featured movies as well as vaudville shows.
These theaters were commonly known as nickelodeons, which comes the combination of the 5 cent admission required to get in them and the greek word for "theater". Movies through the years By 1915, movies were considered an art form next to live theater.
During the Great Depression, movies were expensive ($0.27 a ticket back then), but provided a break from reality that many Americans faced during that time period.
With the Edison Patent battles going on in New York during the 1900's, many locations were considered to be the new home of unlicensed movie production companies (One of them was Jacksonville.). Eventually the city of Hollywood was chosen as the movie capitol of America. The Impact of Developed in 1886 with 160 acres of land and named Prospect Avenue (now named Hollywood Boulevard), Hollywood has been constantly associated with many of America's greatest films, directors, and actors.
Many movie production companies that started in New York and New Jersey moved to California in order to escape the Edison Patent lawsuits as well to have access to the state's bright, sunny weather for film making.
The Golden Age of Hollywood, which started around the 1920's and carried around the 1950's is considered to have brought the biggest impact of the movie industry.
The Golden Age brought major movie studios like MGM, Universal, 20th Century Fox, and RKO Pictures which provided many of Hollywood's famous stars like Clark Gable, Humphrey Bogart, John Wayne, Bette Davis, Audrey Hepburn, Charlie Chaplin, the Marx Brothers, Shirley Temple, and Marlon Brando.
The Golden Age also brought upon many now famous directors like Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Wells, Frank Capra, David Lean, and Elia Kazan. John Wayne is Murica' The Genres Modern films: Psycho Classics: Gone with the Wind Modern Films: There will be Blood Modern Films: No Country for Old Men Modern films: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Modern Films: Airplane With Westerns becoming more common, this genre influenced films such as TGTBATU, another one of my favorite films. TGTBATU tells the story of three men in search of lost gold just after the Civil War ends. This also features Clint Eastwood at his very best. Whenever people think of westerns, they think of this movie. Directed by the great Alfred Hitchcock, North by Northwest, released in 1959, is a movie about an innocent man, played by Cary Grant, that is being pursued by an organization that wants to stop him from taking goverment secrets and finding out his true identidy. It was considered the "The Hitchcock movie to end all Hitchcock pictures." The influence of films like North by Northwest led to modern films following much of the same formula: using elements of suspense, drama, and excitement. The film "No Country for Old Men" released in 2007 and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen, exemplifies all of these elements while also adding western and tragic themes as well.
It stars Josh Brolin, Tommy Lee Jones, Woody Harrelson, and has a brilliant performance by Javier Bardem. A performance that made him the first Spanish actor to win an academy award for playing a hitman described as an "unstoppable evil". In 1925, the silent era of film making produced "The Phantom of the Opera", which is considered to be the first american horror film ever made. It starred Lon Chaney who played the phantom that caused mayhem and murder in the Paris Opera House to make sure his love gets to be apart of the next play. During the 1930's and beyond, horror films rarely didn't have some kind of monster like Frankenstein or the creature from the Black Lagoon. But the release of Alfred Hitchcock's "Psycho" in 1960, had a different kind of monster, one who was mentally unstable. This American classic, while not exactly a drama, (it was more of a historical biopic romance film) is still one of the important films to come out of the Golden Age of Hollywood. Directed by Victor Fleming, it released in 1939 and starred Vivian Leigh and Clark Gable. For a quarter of a century, it remained as the highest grossing film of all time and won over 10 academy awards including best picture. Drama films have long been a staple in the movie industry with many films releasing under the genre. One of my favorite films, "There will be Blood", exemplifies drama to its fullest when it portrays the greed of oil companies in America back in the day. Released in 2007 by Paul Thomas Anderson and starring Daniel Day-Lewis, the film is about a gold miner turned oil tycoon in his quest for more wealth during the oil boom in southern California of the 19th century and early 20th century. This film was chosen as the best film of the first decade of the 21st century. One of Hollywood's most stable and famous genres, Westerns were unique in that they primarily focused on a specific time period of American History. A unique genre, the Thriller seeked to redeem the unadventurous modern world with the spirit of old-fashioned adventure. A staple of the silent era,
horror movies aimed to exploit the fears in everyone. Early silent films began when Edison's Kinematograph was very popular at the time. The films that played were known as "actualities", which showed recorded events and lasted only a few seconds.
While it wasn't the year when silent movies were seen by people, 1902 was when movies started to have coherent story lines and characters. For example, The Life of the American Fireman" by Edwin S. Porter was the first of these story lines. His other film, the adaptation of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" ran for 15 minutes and was one of the most expensive and longest movie of it's time.
Slapstick comedy was one of the huge staples of the silent era of films and launched the careers of such actors such as Buster Keaton, Harold Lloyd, and Charlie Chaplin. The "Talkie Era" began with a movie called "The Jazz Singer" which released in 1927. They filmed with full sound and allowed the actors to be heard for the first time ever.
However, some "silent era" actors had a tough transition to the "Talkie" era, due to some of them having terrible voices that weren't suited for film. Some actors, like Charlie Chaplin, had careers that flourished during this time of movie history. The Silent Era and the Talkies This movie, released in 1925, is considered to be Charlie Chaplin's best movie and considered to be one of the best silent films. Chaplin himself even stated that this was the movie he wanted to be remembered for. It even won an academy award for best sound recording, despite it being a silent film. It tells the story of a lone prospector who participates in the Klondike gold rush and gets entangled in unfortunate situations. This genre was popular due to its focus on in-depth characters dealing with emotional themes. Chaplin's influence in comedy has set the bar for years to come, and since then, comedy has evolved greatly during those years. "Airplane", released in 1980, was considered the funniest movie ever made and continues to make people laugh to this day. In conclusion, the history of American movies has brought to light the careers of very creative people while also introducing new methods of inventive film making that manages to entertain, move, and inspire viewers. Even to this day. Fin The Silent era's greatest strength,
the comedy genre aimed to poke fun at the main character through slapstick comedy back in the day. Modern movies and technology As the years went by, with many major movie releases along the way, the technology used to make them improved.
The first recorded movie to utilize computer technology was "Westworld" a sci-fi/western film with robots directed by Yul Bryner.
As the use of CGI became popularized in such classics as Star Wars, Tron, Jurassic Park, and Terminator 2, the entire movie industry was familiar with greenscreens and computer technology.
Eventually in 1995, "Toy Story" became the first first feature length film to entirely use CGI which ushered in age of animation that wasn't just hand drawn anymore. Animation While not an extremely huge genre during the Golden Age of Hollywood, its small appearances in nickelodeons paved the way for it to become a popular genre later on. Classics: Steamboat Willie
In 1928, famous cartoonist Walt Disney released the animated short "Steamboat Willie" in theaters. While not a full length film, it paved the way for more cartoons to be shown in theaters (Tom and Jerry, Mighty Mouse, Felix the Cat to name a few.) and introduced the world to Mickey Mouse, the most popular cartoon character. Ever. The movie itself had a budget of $4,826 which seems small to modern animated films today. Modern Films: Beauty and the Beast Up After "Steamboat Willie", Disney was on top of the world when it came to animation. The release of "Beauty and the Beast" cemented this fact in 1991 by having a budget of $25 million and grossing over $424 million at the box office. It also became the first animated film to be nominated at the Golden Globes for best picture. This was followed by Pixar's "Up" in 2009.